Leadership strategies in the work place
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Leadership strategies in the work place



Presentation looking at different leadership styles which can be experienced in the workplace.

Presentation looking at different leadership styles which can be experienced in the workplace.



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  • Aim of today’s session is to meet the following learning outcomes and to give you the opportunity to work through some changes which are relevant to you. Exercise 1 Before we start I’d like you to think of a change you would like to introduce into clinical practice – it could be a clinical change or it could the way students are allocated mentors and assessors or off duty. Spend 5 minutes thinking about what change you would like to introduce and why you think the change is required.

Leadership strategies in the work place Leadership strategies in the work place Presentation Transcript

  • Leadership Strategies in the Work Place David Stonehouse Senior Lecturer
  • Learning Outcomes
    • By the end of the session the learner will:
    • Examine some of the characteristics of a leader.
    • Discuss origins and models of leadership
    • Discuss leadership styles and models of leadership
  • What Is Leadership?
    • “… ..getting people to do willingly, that which their instincts teach them not to.” (Mullins: 1999)
  • What Is Leadership?
    • Leadership is about:
    • The ability to bring about change? (Fagan:1990)
    • The process of influencing others? (Tapan:1995)
    • Leadership is partly about power & partly about charisma. (Maxwell:1985)
  • Words to Describe a leader?
    • Innovator
    • Motivator
    • Role model
    • Interpersonal skills
    • Values staff
    • Promoter of positive punishment
    • Proactive
  • Leadership Models
    • Early Leadership models were:
    • Military
    • Religious
    • Political
    • Kings & Queens
    • Most were men
    • Today modern leadership comes from industry.
  • Leadership Styles
    • Autocratic
    • Democratic
    • Laissez-faire
    • Transformational
    • Situational
  • Autocratic Style Of Leadership
    • Tells others what
    • to do.
    • Limits discussion
    • on ideas.
    • Emphasis on productivity.
    • Communication
    • one way.
    • Positives
    • When time is limited.
    • In emergency or rescue situations.
    • When leader is the most knowledgeable person
    • Negatives
    • Devalues & de-motivates staff if applied extensively.
  • Democratic Style Of leadership
    • Involves others.
    • Asks before telling.
    • Promotes sense of team work.
    • Focus of power is with the team, rather than an individual.
    • Positives
    • Team members have a greater say in decision making.
    • Team motivation.
    • Negatives
    • Conflict in direction, if there are too many leaders.
  • Laissez-faire Style Of Leadership
    • Freedom of action is given to team.
    • Manager/leader does not interfere, but is available if help is needed.
    • Positives
    • High degree of skill/motivation exists within the team.
    • Negatives
    • If the team is not skilled enough at the task.
  • Transformational Style Of Leadership
    • “ is a process of engendering higher levels of motivation and commitment among followers.” (Mullins:1999)
    • Actively develop relationships with their co-workers.
    • The work place & meaning of work are transformed
    • Employees pursue active goals.
  • Transformational Leadership – Four Basic Components.
    • Idealised Influence – Charisma of the leader, and the respect and admiration of the followers;
    • Inspirational Motivation – behaviour of the leader provides meaning & challenge to the workers:
    • Intellectual Stimulation – promotes intelligence & new ways of working;
    • Individualised Consideration – Leader has special concern for workers growth & development.
  • Battle of Agincourt 25 October 1415 (Saint Crispin’s Day)                                               
  • St Crispin’s Day Speech From Henry V
    • He was present and involved
    • He was fair
    • He was flexible
    • He was honest
    • He was clear
    • He was timely
  • Key Qualities
    • Knowledge & skill,
    • Effective communication of ideas,
    • Confidence,
    • Commitment,
    • Energy,
    • Insight into the needs of others
  • Additional Qualities
    • Ability to listen
    • Ability to reserve judgement
    • Give direct & positive feedback
    • Recognise individual values through respect for others
    • & use humour.
  • What Would Motivate You?
  • Bibliography Buchanan, D. & Huczynski, A. (2004) Organizational Behaviour: An Introductory Text. 5 th Edition. London: Prentice Hall. Kotter, J. (1990) A Force For Change: How Leadership Differs From Management. New York: Free Press. Mullins, L.J. (1999) Management & Organisational Behaviour. 5 th Edition. London: Prentice Hall.