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The Russo-Japanese War By Guilherme Apollonio "We cannot sleep peacefully a single hour....To avert... a catastrophe it is necessary to strike quickly in the direction of Vladivostok." -Japan’s Imperial Army
Thesis Question <ul><li>What did the Russo-Japanese War accomplish, and what did the events within it do to the aftermath of the war? </li></ul>
Russia: Background Info <ul><li>Russia was a mighty Imperial power. Cocky from many former victories, it saw the growing conflict with Japan as a means of war. A war which would be easily won, they thought, and would prevent an internal revolution. People of Russia were rebelling, unhappy with the liberal leader, Czar Alexander II. </li></ul>Russia was full of life and spirit, especially since the thought of revolution and freedom was in the air, as the American Revolution.
Japan: Background Info <ul><li>Although it had won the First-Sino Japanese War against China, freeing Korea, Japan was a young country, and its powers thought to be weak,. Russia usually dominated the country, intimidating it by moving closer and closer to declaring war. Finally, Japan snapped. It wanted to be recognized in the world, it wanted to show Russia its true capabilities. JAPAN declared war, not Russia. </li></ul>A young country, Japan faced much violence and war in its development.
A Little Surprise <ul><li>On February 8 th , 1904 Japan declared war with Russia. Unfortunately, the message to Russia moved slower than Japanese troops, and The Imperial Japanese army attacked Port Arthur. Czar Nicholas II was speechless. He could not believe that Japan would attack without a formal declaration(news of the declaration had not yet reached the Russian government). With close to 150,000 men, Japan decimated the Russian army of 50,000 men. </li></ul>Frightened Russian troops scramble for cover. Japan killed so many Russians in the first day of war that they felt it would be best to heal the surviving Russian troops.
Japan Strikes Again <ul><li>After the bloody affair at the initial hours of the war, Japan’s army once again decimates the Russians. Japan brought 10 destroyer ships to Port Arthur, and there were 2 Russian destroyers patrolling this port. Giving the Russians no time to act, Japanese destroyers sunk the two patrols. The very next day, Japanese troops attacked the city of Chi polo, hoping to capture it, which they did. This gave them the control of two surrounding cities : Pin Yong and Yon Ju. Japan’s goal was to force the Russians to retreat to Port Arthur. </li></ul>A Russian destroyer, similar to the two that were sunk in Port Arthur. Map of Russian and Japanese Movement.
Russian Blood, Russian Land <ul><li>On May 1 st , Japanese and Russian troops clashed at the Yew River, located on the border of Manchuria and Korea. Hours of gunfire proved Japan’s army to be more numerous, still standing as Russian fell. Japan’s plan worked, as Russian troops were forced into Port Arthur, and the port blockaded. A very long siege was about to take place. </li></ul>Japanese troops, laying siege to Port Arthur. An overhead view of Port Arthur. Note the numerous Japanese ships blockading the port.
A Colossal Surrender <ul><li>Japan waited and waited, not caring how long this siege took. Finally on January 1 st , 1905 Stossel, the Russian general in charge of the defense of Port Arthur, surrendered more than 47,000 Russians to the Japanese. After the surrender, the Japanese army moved North, to join other divisions and increase its numbers. </li></ul>The surrender, Japanese and Russians shaking hands. Some Russian troops, which surrendered to Japan.
Nineteen Days Of Murder <ul><li>When the Japanese armies regrouped, once again they met Russians, and then started the bloodiest, most memorable battle of the entire war. Going from February 20 th to March 10 th , close to 47,000 Russians were killed, the same amount that surrendered at Port Arthur. Amazingly, 40,000 more were taken prisoner. The Japanese suffered minor casualties compared to Russia; 41,000 deaths. </li></ul>Russian troops, preparing for the worst. Japanese troops, giving them the worst.
Splash, Splash, Kaboom <ul><li>The next battle was entirely at sea. Russia’s Baltic fleet reached Japan’s fleet after 18,000 miles of journey. A ship battle began, Japan once more achieving a victory. Japanese ships moved in the direction of Vladivostok, but were intercepted by a Russian fleet. An hour of blast and blood ended in another Japanese victory, with Russians losing 5,000 men and 36 ships. The Japanese lost 100 men, and 3 torpedo boats. </li></ul>Russian ships being sunk by Japanese torpedoes. Japanese art interpreting the glorious victory.
Victory And Compromise <ul><li>After the intense naval battle in which Japan prevailed, on August 29 th , 1905 representatives from Russia and Japan met at Portsmouth, along with U.S. President Roosevelt, who organized the conference. Roosevelt wanted to end the violence in the Far East, fearing that other European countries might join in the conflict, sparking a World War. The final decisions were that Japan would own half of Salkahein, and Manchuria would be returned to China. Finally, Russian and Japanese railways compromised. </li></ul>President Teddy Roosevelt, along with four representatives, two from each country. Men who attended the final peace conference.
Answer To Thesis <ul><li>Well, the Russo-Japanese War accomplished a lot. It paved the road for Japanese growth: be it weaponry, technology, or wealth. After this war, Russia was diminished in authority in the eyes of the world, for such a mighty power had lost to a young nation. World leaders who had been following the results of battles and such were very surprised to discover Japan had had such a victory. Japan grew as a more powerful nation then. </li></ul><ul><li>As for the aftermath, the terrible defeat Russia faced was one of the immediate causes of The Russian Revolution of 1905, which overthrew the Czarist government and killed Czar Nicholas II. </li></ul>
My Reason <ul><li>I would just like to briefly state my reason for selecting the Russo-Japanese War as a topic. First off, with so many historic events in the world, people sometimes forget about some, such as this bloody war. Ask an average teenager what the Holocaust is, he can give you a response. Try the same with the Russo-Japanese War however, and watch as the child stares blankly into space. This war was epic, and important. It showed the world that no matter how powerful an empire is, it can be defeated by a much smaller one, with the correct tactics. Roosevelt’s appearance in this affair also reminds us that we are not alone. Every country attempts peace before war, and the U.S. wanted to help Russia and Japan thrive once more after this war. It is a symbol of peace, hope, and friendship. </li></ul>
By Which Weapons Men Fell <ul><li>In the Russo-Japanese war, there were still no airplanes or tanks, so those were not present. </li></ul><ul><li>Russia’s infantry carried a Mosin Nagant bolt-action rifle(which is a major improvement from the weapons used in America’s Civil War). </li></ul><ul><li>Japan’s infantry also carried a bolt action rifle, but the Arisaka. </li></ul><ul><li>Russia’s rifles carried 7.62mm bullets while Japan’s carried 6.5mm bullets. In the end, Russia’s rifles were more powerful, yet Japan still came out on top. </li></ul>Russian Mosin Nagant Japanese Arisaka
Works Cited <ul><li>Encyclopedia, Columbia Electronic. “The Revolution of 1905.” InfoPlease . 2007. Year by Year. 20 Mar. 2009 <http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0842745.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Lone, Dr. Stewart. “Aspects of the Russo Japanese War.” RussoJapaneseWar . July 1998. International Studies. 15 Mar. 2009 <http://www.russojapanesewar.com/aspects.pdf>. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Russo-Japanese War.” Wikipedia . 23 Mar. 2009. MediaWiki. 19 Mar. 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russo-japanese_war>. </li></ul>
Works Cited (Cont’d.) <ul><li>The Russo-Japanese War: Conflict in the far East . Dir. Rachelle Menn. NHD Films, 18 Mar. 2008. Youtube . LLC. 18 Mar. 2009 <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6l8--S_cCWo>. </li></ul><ul><li>Westwood, J. N. “Russo-Japanese War.” InfoPlease . 2007. Year by Year. 19 Mar. 2009 <http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/history/A0842745.html>. </li></ul>