The challenges of ‘fan culture’ — embracing your audience
The work of art in the age of digital reproduction
Controversy has surrounded the introduction of every new technology: cassette, VCR
Even easier to copy and manipulate
Boundaries of original and copy are blurred
Which is the ‘ original ’ Star Wars now?
The copy is technically identical to the original as they ’ re both just bits
Is textual poaching the logical outcome of postmodernist approaches to meaning?
The open source movement
General Public License (GPL)
But what ’ s to stop commercial exploitation?
Copyright licenses with individuals
Copyright transfer required before payment
Copyright of work by staff belongs to corporation
Syndication: bulk licenses of agency works
Next step: embed copyright licenses electronically in digital works to prevent copying (digital rights management or DRM)
New problems: lending rights eroded ( Stallman: “ The Right to Read ” ); fair use rights eroded; DRM systems have no expiry date
Fair use for students
Because of special provisions in the Copyright Act (sections 40 and 103C), you can use copyright material for research or study, provided your use is “fair”.
The "10% rule" for reproducing text in electronic form
10% of the number of words; or
one chapter, if the work is divided into chapters.
Download the Fact Sheet for students and researchers
Download Information Sheet G11 for information on copyright and photographs
5 factors affecting fair use:
the purpose and character of the dealing (for example, copying in connection with a course is more likely to be fair than copying for research which may be used commercially);
the nature of the work (for example, it may be less fair to copy a work resulting from a high degree of skill than a mundane work);
the possibility of obtaining the work within a reasonable time at an ordinary commercial price (generally, it is unlikely to be fair to photocopy all or most of a work that you can buy);
the effect of the dealing on the potential market for, or value of, the work (making a copy is unlikely to be fair if the publisher sells or licenses copies, for example from its website); and
in a case where part only of the work is copied, the amount and substantiality of the part copied in relation to the whole work (it is less fair to copy a large or important part of the work than to copy a small or unimportant part
The Australian Copyright Council
The Writers Guide to making a digital living http://www.australiacouncil.gov.au/writersguide
Arts Law Centre of Australia Online - Legal issues for bloggers: http://www.artslaw.com.au/legalinformation/LegalIssuesForBloggers.asp