The end of the car city - A convenient truth
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The end of the car city - A convenient truth

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110 of 21 Post a comment

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • Wow! Nice job. Do you do presentations on the road?
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  • Well done!
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  • Hi, we had this discussion some 45 years ago, hopefully this time more people understand. The 'car city' is a disaster, I remember staying in a Hotel in Albuquerque and wanting to go out for a beer, no way.... Thanks for the excellent presentation!
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  • (See comments above. Any contacts, preferably through E-mail or LlinkedIn welcome. GC
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  • Current system is terribly inefficient. We need world's railroads brought back as right of ways for vehices from trains to one, two, three passenger cars as well as current sized onees depending on local situations but travelig to around 200 MPH depending on local situations again depending on local situaations. Many patents including some of mine out there but all opposed by entrenched
    fossil fuel freaks and their bought and paid for political friends. Good luck to all you youngsters Galen Calvert
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The end of the car city - A convenient truth The end of the car city - A convenient truth Presentation Transcript

  • THE END OF THE CAR CITY ”A convenient truth” Alexander Ståhle, PHD & CEO ǀ URBAN RESEARCH & DESIGNSPACESCAPE
  • Why cities?
  • Proximity creates livability
  • Proximity creates innovation
  • Proximity creates social wellfare
  • Vad gör en attraktiv plats? Fungerar planen som det var tänkt? Vad skapar närhet och flöden? SOFO Proximity creates value
  • Housing value is 90% walkability in Stockholm Appartment prices in Stockholm regionUrban qualities
  • “Walkability command a premium of $4-34,000” CEO for Cities (2009) ”Walkable urban””Drivable suburban”
  • SHOPS DENSITYDENSITY SHOPS STOCKHOLM MALMÖÖREBRO RESTAURANTS DENSITY “Cities are proximity, density, closeness” Edward Glaeser
  • Density decreases car use Density Travel Dunphy RT and Fisher K (1996)
  • Average commute in Hong Kong is 11 min
  • “Individuals living near transit had a significantly higher level of trust and reciprocity and connections with neighbors.” Patterns of social capital associated with transit oriented development, Journal of Transport Geography, 2014
  • “Denser areas have greater economic mobility.“ (Measuring sprawl, SGA, 2014)
  • “The compact walkable city enhance livelihoods for the poor through affordable mobility. It lower social segregation through proximity of affordable housing to places of work”. Joan Clos, UN Habitat
  • “An advanced city is not where the poor drive cars, but where the rich take public transport” Enrique Penalosa
  • Car accessiblity do not affect appartment prices or office rents in Stockholm Public transport accessibility Officerent
  • Failing office areas without transit and walkability Infra City, Upplands Väsby
  • Inside Infra City, Upplands Väsby Inside failing office areas…
  • "People in denser areas are more physically active." (Neighborhood environment and physical activity, Eriksson, 2013)
  • "People in denser areas have longer life expectancies." (Measuring sprawl, SGA, 2014)
  • 5% drive to shop downtown in New York and in Stockholm (PPS 2010, Spacescape 2012)
  • "Pedestrians spend 65% more than drivers" Transport for London (2014)
  • “1/3 of America’s malls are dead or dying” deadmalls.com
  • Wallmart and IKEA goes urban
  • Gallerian shopping mall, Stockholm
  • Photoshop Gallerian shopping mall, Stockholm
  • Why not car cities?
  • People in cars can…
  • People in cars can´t interact
  • ”When in my car I get a different set of values” Louis CK
  • New study on “road rage” (Gatersleben, Murtagh, White 2013): •Car use has negative effects on urban communities by affecting social perceptions. •More car use through a relatively poor area is associated with less positive views of that area. •More walking through a relatively poor area is related to more positive views of the area. •Attitudes towards young people are more negative when they are seen from a car. •Attitudes towards young people are most positive when seen from a pedestrian perspective. ”Attitudes to people more negative when seen from a car”
  • Car traffic segregate neighborhoods Livable streets, Donald Appleyard (1981)
  • Car traffic is the most common complaint Västra Ursvik, Sundbyberg Rinkeby Ursvik
  • Car dependency is unequal - Women and poor drive less (A car costs approx. $900 a month)
  • Cars take up space
  • Cars take up too much space
  • “Parking is the most incorrectly valued urban asset... A $310 bn parking subsidy, 5X the education budget.” (Public Parking Fees and Fines, Public Works Management & Policy, 2014)
  • Car infrastructure is heavily subsidized
  • Sprawl consumes land “In the last decade, an area larger than the entire state of Maryland -- more than 33,000 square km of farmland, woodlands and other natural habitat beyond the edges of the nation's cities” (2014)
  • Ecosystems are destroyed and fragmented
  • ”Green” cars?
  • Traffic make 20-25% of all CO2 Peak oil…?
  • The ecological footprint of a car is X800
  • Acid rain kills nature and pollutes water
  • ”Long live the pedestrians” says who?
  • Car speed means death
  • Streets where playgrounds before the car Allmänna vägen, Göteborg 1910
  • Bad density means more sprawl - forces families to move to the suburbs
  • Cars kill 1,2 Mn and injure 39 Mn every year
  • Car driving promotes obesity and early death
  • 2,4 Mn people dies from smog every year
  • ”Car driving is like drug addiction” (The compulsive habit of cars, Trends in cognitive science, 2014)
  • ”Choice blindness”
  • Car city
  • Car city Walk city
  • The end of the suburbs – A war on the dream?
  • Who says walk cities?
  • “We should embrace policies that promote the compact city” Joan Clos, UN Habitat
  • “City transport is about moving people, not vehicles” Rachel Kyte, World Bank
  • “High quality sidewalks are the most basic element of a democratic city.” Enrique Peñalosa, ITDP
  • “Pedestrians and cyclists and bus riders are more important — than car riders.” Michael Bloomberg, NYC
  • New American policies for walk cities New York Chicago
  • New Swedish policies for walk cities
  • Walk cities reclaimed
  • Cities are being reclaimed and repaired
  • Squares are reclaimed Time square, NY
  • Freeways are reclaimed CicLAvia, Los Angeles
  • This used to be as freeway…” Hayes Valley San Francisco
  • Parks are reclaimed Champs Elysées, Paris
  • Parking spaces are reclaimed
  • Gardens are reclaimed
  • Playgrounds are reclaimed
  • Downtowns are reclaimed Detroit
  • Small towns too – FLEN 2013
  • Small towns too – FLEN 2015
  • Small towns too – FLEN 2020
  • ǀ URBAN RESEARCH & DESIGNSPACESCAPE Alexander Ståhle PhD & CEO Spacescape alexander.stahle@spacescape.se www.spacescape.se