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“Individuals living near transit had a significantly
higher level of trust and reciprocity and
connections with neighbors.”
Patterns of social capital associated with transit oriented development, Journal of Transport Geography, 2014
“Denser areas have greater economic mobility.“
(Measuring sprawl, SGA, 2014)
“The compact walkable city enhance livelihoods for
the poor through affordable mobility.
It lower social segregation through proximity of
affordable housing to places of work”.
Joan Clos, UN Habitat
“An advanced city is not where the poor drive cars,
but where the rich take public transport” Enrique Penalosa
Car accessiblity do not affect
appartment prices or office rents in Stockholm
Public transport accessibility
Failing office areas without transit and walkability
Infra City, Upplands Väsby
Inside Infra City, Upplands Väsby
Inside failing office areas…
"People in denser areas are more physically active."
(Neighborhood environment and physical activity, Eriksson, 2013)
"People in denser areas have
longer life expectancies." (Measuring sprawl, SGA, 2014)
5% drive to shop downtown
in New York and in Stockholm
(PPS 2010, Spacescape 2012)
"Pedestrians spend 65% more than drivers"
Transport for London (2014)
“1/3 of America’s malls are dead or dying”
”When in my car I get
a different set of values”
New study on “road rage” (Gatersleben, Murtagh, White 2013):
•Car use has negative effects on urban communities by affecting social perceptions.
•More car use through a relatively poor area is associated with less positive views of that area.
•More walking through a relatively poor area is related to more positive views of the area.
•Attitudes towards young people are more negative when they are seen from a car.
•Attitudes towards young people are most positive when seen from a pedestrian perspective.
”Attitudes to people more negative
when seen from a car”
Car traffic segregate neighborhoods
Livable streets, Donald Appleyard (1981)
Car traffic is the most common complaint
Västra Ursvik, Sundbyberg
Car dependency is unequal
- Women and poor drive less
(A car costs approx. $900 a month)
Sprawl consumes land
“In the last decade, an area larger than the entire state
of Maryland -- more than 33,000 square km of
farmland, woodlands and other natural habitat
beyond the edges of the nation's cities” (2014)