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Online class presentation

  1. 1. By Seth Tripp
  2. 2. • Factors that attributed to the start of the Civil War • The Two Sides • Major Players in the Civil War • How the Union Accomplished Victory
  3. 3. • The Compromise of 1850 a. All states above the 35th parallel would be Free States While the ones Below would be slave states. b. Slavery would be decided in new states by popular sovereignty, which means that state governments should hold a vote to decide weather or not to be a slave state. c. The Fugitive Slave Law was passed: it said that any runaway slaves from the south to the north should be returned to their masters. d. The Slave Trade would be Eliminated next
  4. 4. • The States Rights Debate a. Slavery- Sothern's believed that slave owners should be able to take slaves in to other states because they were property and even if moved to the north the slave would still have to remain a slave. The North believed that it would be breaking the Compromise of 1850. b. The Dred Scott Case- Dred Scott was a slave who’s owner moved to Maryland, a free state and wanted his freedom and the owner did not want to give him up, and when it was sent to Supreme Court, the judge ruled that Dred Scott would remain in the possession of His Master. Next
  5. 5. • The election of Lincoln was the last straw for the south because they feared that Lincoln would end slavery in the south because the ant- slavery republicans, which was Lincolns party affiliation now had the majority in Congress.
  6. 6. • Consisted of all of the states above Virginia excluding Missouri. • Anti-Slavery States • President: Abraham Lincoln • Generals: Ulysses S. Grant, William T. The Union Sherman • Population: 22,342,2312 • Army Size at highest point: 1,000,516 • Main source of revenue: Manufacturing • Major Victories: Gettysburg, Antietam, Shiloh • Total Casualties: 664,928 Next
  7. 7. • The Confederate states Consisted of all the States South of Virginia and the Ohio River including Missouri. • President: Jefferson Davis • Main Leaders: Robert E. Lee P.T. Beauregard • Population:9,101,090 plus slaves • Army Size at Highest point: 304,015 • Main Source of Revenue: Agriculture • Major Victories: Chickamauga, Chancellorsville • Total Casualties: 483,026 Next
  8. 8. Union Confederacy Advantages Advantages • Banking Factories, Ships • Better trade relationship with Europe • Best Military Officers • Experienced Government • Long Coast lines make it difficult to • Higher Population blockade • Large Navy • Fighting on own soil • More railroads and infrastructure • Land in South is heavily wooded making easy ambushes and retreats Disadvantages Disadvantages • No unification over slavery • Lower population • Lost a lot of Officers to the South • Little to no Industry • Going into Unknown Lands • Long Coastline with little Navy to Defend it Home
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  10. 10. • Born: April 27th 1822 • Graduated from U.S. Military Academy in 1843 • Leader of the Western Front and Later On would become Leader of the Union Army, and would lead Operation Overload which would lead to the Union defeat of the South. • Great Victories: Vicksburg, Shiloh and Chattanooga • Would later go on the be the 18th President of the U.S. Next
  11. 11. • Born Feb. 8 1820 • First leader to use the Total War strategy; destroying moral in South • Won The First Battle at Bull Run. • Lead the Sherman Campaign which crippled the south and devastated the Southern peoples hopes of victory • Next
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  13. 13. • Born January 19, 1807 • Commanded the Army of Northern Virginia and Overall lead general of the Confederacy. • Major victories included: The second Manassas, Fredericksburg, and would Successfully defend Richmond, the capital of the South in 1864, and although he lost and surrendered at Appomattox to Grant he is still considered one of the best Generals in U.S. History. Next
  14. 14. • Born January 21st 1824 • Generational leader whose family served in every single previous American War. • Best general after Lee • Won Victories in the first and second Manassas, and Fredericksburg, and Antietam • Was killed accidently by his own troops at the Battle of Chancellorsville, devastating the General Corps of the Confederates Home
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  16. 16. • Would start with the capture of Atlanta in 1864 and would leave a path of destruction to Savannah in which Total war would be implemented upon the South. • After marching to the Sea Sherman Would take the his army north the trap Robert E. Lee in between him and General Grant Next
  17. 17. • Lead By General Ulysses S. Grant the Overland Campaign was series of battles between Grant and Lee around Richmond which lasted until Lee’s Surrender at Appomattox. Lee strategically won many of the battles but Grant was still able to pursue Lee and confront him again and again until Lee become worn down and tired and eventually gave up. Next
  18. 18. • This may have been one of the biggest factors that lead to the fall of the Confederacy. • Although Two Countries, France and Great Britain, considered sending military help they could not give because of either their issue with the Confederacy and its stance on Slavery which Britain had done away with in all of its colonies, or the fact that the other countries had better relations with the Union because they were more experience. Home
  19. 19. • The War was started over the issue of states rights and the unwillingness of either side to come to a long term compromise on slavery. • The South was way less well supplied, educated and populated. • Although the South had more General’s the overwhelming numbers of the Navy and the Army of the Union overcame their strategic abilities • Slavery was banned in America after this time
  20. 20. • Online Sources - - - - - htm - - - d_weaknesses_of_the_Union_and_the_Confederacy_in_ preparation_for_the_Civil_Wa