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Multiparagraph Essay Terminology
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Multiparagraph Essay Terminology


teaching the terms associated with multi-paragraph essay

teaching the terms associated with multi-paragraph essay

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  • 1. Multiparagraph Essay Terminology
  • 2. Essay
    • A piece of writing that gives your thoughts (commentary) about a subject.
    • All essays we will practice in this unit will have at least four paragraphs:
      • An introduction
      • Two body paragraphs
      • Concluding paragraph
  • 3. Introduction
    • Also called “Introductory paragraph”
    • The first paragraph of an essay
    • It includes the thesis, most often at the end.
  • 4. Body Paragraph
    • A middle paragraph in the essay
    • It develops the point you want to make to support your thesis
  • 5. Concluding Paragraph
    • Also called “The Conclusion”
    • The last paragraph of your essay.
    • It may sum up you ideas, reflect on what you said in your essay, say more commentary about your subject, or give a personal statement about your subject.
  • 6. Concluding Paragraph (cont’d)
    • Your conclusion is all commentary and does not include concrete detail.
    • It does not repeat key words from your paper and especially not from your thesis and introductory paragraph.
    • It gives a finished feel to your whole essay.
  • 7. Thesis
    • A sentence with a subject and opinion (also called commentary).
    • This comes somewhere in your introductory paragraph and most often at the end.
  • 8. Pre-Writing
    • The process of getting your concrete details down on paper before you organize your essay into paragraphs.
    • You can use any or all of the following:
      • Bubble clusters
      • Spider diagrams
      • Outlines
      • Line clustering
      • Columns
  • 9. Concrete Details (CD)
    • Specific details that form the backbone or core of your body paragraphs
    • Synonyms for concrete details include:
        • facts specifics
        • examples support
        • evidence descriptions
        • proof quotations
        • illustrations paraphrasing
        • plot references
  • 10. Commentary (CM)
    • Your opinion or comment about something; not concrete detail.
    • Synonyms include:
        • opinion insight
        • analysis interpretation
        • inference personal response
        • feelings evaluation
        • explication reflection
  • 11. Topic Sentence
    • The first sentence in a body paragraph.
    • This must have a subject and opinion (commentary) for the paragraph.
    • It does the same thing for the paragraph as the thesis does for the whole essay.
  • 12. Concluding Sentence
    • The last sentence in a body paragraph.
    • It is all commentary, does not repeat key words, and gives a finished feeling to the paragraph.
  • 13. Shaping the Essay
    • The step that is done after prewriting and before the first draft of the essay; it is an outline of your:
      • thesis
      • topic sentences
      • concrete details
      • commentary ideas
  • 14. First Draft
    • The first version of your essay
    • Also called the “rough draft”
  • 15. Final Draft
    • The final version of your essay
  • 16. Peer Response
    • Written responses and reactions to a partner’s paper
  • 17. Chunk
    • One sentence of concrete detail and two sentences of commentary
    • It is the smallest unified group of thoughts that you can write
    • CD + CM(2) = Chunk
  • 18. Weaving
    • Blending concrete details and commentary in a body paragraph
    • You can do this after you master the format
  • 19. Ratio
    • The ratio of one part concrete detail (CD) to two or more part commentary (CM)
    CD : CM 1 : 2
  • 20. Word counts
    • The minimum length per paragraph to earn a “C”