Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Multiparagraph Essay Terminology
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Multiparagraph Essay Terminology


Published on

teaching the terms associated with multi-paragraph essay

teaching the terms associated with multi-paragraph essay

Published in: Education, Business

1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total Views
On Slideshare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

No notes for slide


  • 1. Multiparagraph Essay Terminology
  • 2. Essay
    • A piece of writing that gives your thoughts (commentary) about a subject.
    • All essays we will practice in this unit will have at least four paragraphs:
      • An introduction
      • Two body paragraphs
      • Concluding paragraph
  • 3. Introduction
    • Also called “Introductory paragraph”
    • The first paragraph of an essay
    • It includes the thesis, most often at the end.
  • 4. Body Paragraph
    • A middle paragraph in the essay
    • It develops the point you want to make to support your thesis
  • 5. Concluding Paragraph
    • Also called “The Conclusion”
    • The last paragraph of your essay.
    • It may sum up you ideas, reflect on what you said in your essay, say more commentary about your subject, or give a personal statement about your subject.
  • 6. Concluding Paragraph (cont’d)
    • Your conclusion is all commentary and does not include concrete detail.
    • It does not repeat key words from your paper and especially not from your thesis and introductory paragraph.
    • It gives a finished feel to your whole essay.
  • 7. Thesis
    • A sentence with a subject and opinion (also called commentary).
    • This comes somewhere in your introductory paragraph and most often at the end.
  • 8. Pre-Writing
    • The process of getting your concrete details down on paper before you organize your essay into paragraphs.
    • You can use any or all of the following:
      • Bubble clusters
      • Spider diagrams
      • Outlines
      • Line clustering
      • Columns
  • 9. Concrete Details (CD)
    • Specific details that form the backbone or core of your body paragraphs
    • Synonyms for concrete details include:
        • facts specifics
        • examples support
        • evidence descriptions
        • proof quotations
        • illustrations paraphrasing
        • plot references
  • 10. Commentary (CM)
    • Your opinion or comment about something; not concrete detail.
    • Synonyms include:
        • opinion insight
        • analysis interpretation
        • inference personal response
        • feelings evaluation
        • explication reflection
  • 11. Topic Sentence
    • The first sentence in a body paragraph.
    • This must have a subject and opinion (commentary) for the paragraph.
    • It does the same thing for the paragraph as the thesis does for the whole essay.
  • 12. Concluding Sentence
    • The last sentence in a body paragraph.
    • It is all commentary, does not repeat key words, and gives a finished feeling to the paragraph.
  • 13. Shaping the Essay
    • The step that is done after prewriting and before the first draft of the essay; it is an outline of your:
      • thesis
      • topic sentences
      • concrete details
      • commentary ideas
  • 14. First Draft
    • The first version of your essay
    • Also called the “rough draft”
  • 15. Final Draft
    • The final version of your essay
  • 16. Peer Response
    • Written responses and reactions to a partner’s paper
  • 17. Chunk
    • One sentence of concrete detail and two sentences of commentary
    • It is the smallest unified group of thoughts that you can write
    • CD + CM(2) = Chunk
  • 18. Weaving
    • Blending concrete details and commentary in a body paragraph
    • You can do this after you master the format
  • 19. Ratio
    • The ratio of one part concrete detail (CD) to two or more part commentary (CM)
    CD : CM 1 : 2
  • 20. Word counts
    • The minimum length per paragraph to earn a “C”