Political processes


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Evoting and surveillance

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  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/open
  • http://data.gov.uk/Web founder Sir Tim Berners-Lee has unveiled his latest venture for the UK government, which offers the public better access to official data.
  • Political processes

    1. 1. Political Process<br />3.6 Politics and Government<br />
    2. 2. E- voting<br />Casting a vote in an election from your own PC or a computer terminal. <br />
    3. 3. E-voting – Optical Scanning<br />The newer optical scan voting systems allow a computer to count a voter's mark on a ballot.<br />
    4. 4. E-Voting - DRE<br />
    5. 5. E-Voting - DRE<br /><ul><li>A direct-recording electronic voting machine records votes by means of an interactive ballot display (touchscreen)
    6. 6. These process data with computer software and record votes on its memory.
    7. 7. Produces a tabulation of votes stored in a removable memory component and as printed copy.</li></li></ul><li>E-Voting - DRE<br /> Advantages of e-voting<br /><ul><li>Minimised risk of ambiguities as the voter makes his choice by touching the screen.
    8. 8. Minimise the need for recounts as everything is tabulated by the computer.</li></ul> Disadvantages of e-voting<br /><ul><li>E-voting is not as secret and secure as the present paper-ballot system– security
    9. 9. Electronic failures might occur with such a system. - reliability
    10. 10. Other generation may not be comfortable in using the system. -people and machines</li></li></ul><li>E-voting – assistive technology<br />There are also hybrid systems that include a touch screen system similar to a DRE to print a voter-verifiable paper ballot, then use a separate machine for electronic tabulation.<br />
    11. 11. E-Voting - DRE<br /><ul><li>Java software in public on server.
    12. 12. Results 1: This shows manipulated results: every 5th vote is ignored, unless it is for Mr Meticulous, in which case it is still counted. But will students notice that not all results are counted?
    13. 13. Results 2: These are the genuine results.
    14. 14. Results 3: These results are manipulated. Mr Meticulous gets (half+1) of the votes, so always wins. The votes are divided randomly among the remaining candidates.
    15. 15. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IoWJkrlptNs (simpsons e vote)</li></li></ul><li>Lobbying<br />Lobbying: seek to influence (a legislator) on an issue (OED)<br />Lobbying (also Lobby) is the intention of influencing decisions made by legislators and officials in the government by individuals, other legislators, constituents, or advocacy groups. <br />A lobbyist is a person who tries to influence legislation on behalf of a special interest or a member of a lobby. Also, governments often define and regulate organized group lobbying that has become influential. (Wikipedia)<br />
    16. 16. Lobbying<br />Internet technology has radically changed the way the world communicates, breaking down barriers since its inception and throughout its various stages of development. This has led to lobbying moving beyond direct contact or “snail mail” methods<br />
    17. 17. Lobbying - methods<br /><ul><li>Email
    18. 18. Websites
    19. 19. Online questionnaires
    20. 20. Video sharing
    21. 21. Newsletters
    22. 22. RSS
    23. 23. Government sites</li></ul>http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2DUM6jVasw&feature=related<br />http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MjY5Zkt51wY&feature=related<br />
    24. 24. open government<br />
    25. 25. Open government contains information that is available to anyone via the internet. Anyone has the same right to access the same information. <br />
    26. 26. The movement of information in this case is free and unlimited, since anyone can access it. Of course the open governments won't have published all the information on the internet because of privacy and security issues and legislations. <br />
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    31. 31. Political Process<br />3.6 Politics and Government<br />