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Avoiding Plagiariarism and using MLA Citation
 

Avoiding Plagiariarism and using MLA Citation

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    Avoiding Plagiariarism and using MLA Citation Avoiding Plagiariarism and using MLA Citation Presentation Transcript

    • AVOIDING PLAGIARISM How to use MLA Style Guidelines to Cite Your Sources Created by: Jill Robinson Learning Resource Center ITT Technical Institute Morrisville, NC January 2009 Updated by: Jennifer Joyner and Sarah Jenkins Learning Resource Center ITT Technical Institute Morrisville, NC September 2009
    • Plagiarism can come in many forms…
      • Sources cited but still plagiarized (incorrectly using Citation Style Guidelines)
      • Sources used but not cited
      • Copy/Paste
      • Word Switch
      • Idea (those not accepted as general knowledge)
    • To cite or not to cite? Take the Quiz: www.infolit4techstudents.pbwiki.com/Citation-Quiz
      • If in doubt…
      • CITE IT!
      Use a set of style guidelines, such as those offered by the MLA (Modern Language Association) to correctly cite your sources. This presentation offers advice on writing using MLA Style.
    • STEP 1: Integrating Outside Sources into your Work
      • You can integrate an outside source into your work in 3 different ways
          • Quoting – keeping the original quote as is, using quotation marks
          • Paraphrasing – restating all of the information in the original source in your own words
          • Summarizing – rewording or restating the main idea
    • STEP 2a: Pause to give credit to the original author
      • In MLA Style, use in-text citations.
      • After using information from an outside source in the body of your paper or assignment, include a citation in parentheses.
      • In-text citations are like hyperlinks to a bibliography.
      • Example:
      • He believes, “To make the most of those skills, we need a more creative capitalism: an attempt to stretch the reach of market forces so that more companies can benefit from doing work that makes more people better off ” (Gates 41).
        • This is a quotation from Bill Gates in Time magazine .
    • Step 2b: Creating In-Text Citations
      • Examples:
      • Author name known: (Gates 41).
      • Two Authors: (Gates and Jobs 77).
      • Author name unknown, journal title used instead: ( Computer Networking Today 22).
      • Examples used in a sentence:
      • He said, “To make the most of those skills, we need a more creative capitalism…” (Gates 41).
      • Gates argues, “To make the most of those skills, we need a more creative capitalism…” (41).
        • In this instance, since the author is named in a phrase introducing the quote, we include the publication year after the author’s name and the page number at the end of the quotation.
      Direct quotations : Put quotation marks around the quoted text. After the direct quote, enter a single space, then the author’s last name, the year, and page number in parentheses. Indirect quotations : After a summary or paraphrase, it is not necessary to include the page number in the in-text citation.
    • STEP 3: Creating a “Works Cited” List
      • Put the list of references on a separate sheet of paper at the end of your research paper. Title the page “Works Cited.”
      • You should include all of the resources you used, regardless of whether or not you directly quoted them
      • Arrange the list alphabetically by author’s last name.
      • If no author is listed, alphabetize by title.
      • Double space the list and indent any lines after the first line of the citation.
      • Create your Works Cited page as you write your paper instead of waiting until you are finished.
    • Citing Websites
      • When citing a website, include the following information when available:
      • Author’s name
      • Date of publication
      • Title of document in “quotations” or underlined if a book
      • Date you accessed the source
      • Electronic address (URL)
    • Online (electronic) or Print?
      • Did you find your source in the Virtual Library? If so, you may not need to cite your source as an electronic resource.
      • Many resources are digitized from their original print publications for easier access.
      • Rule of Thumb:
        • If you are using a book, journal, magazine, or newspaper that you located using the Virtual Library, cite the source as a regular print resource.
        • If you are using a source that you found using a search engine (Google, Yahoo, etc.), cite the source as an electronic source.
        • If you are using a source available from a government website or some other sponsoring institution, association, or agency website, cite the source as an electronic source.
    • MLA Works Cited Sample Page http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/14
    • Resources in the LRC
      • MLA Guide for Writer’s of Research Papers
      • A Writer’s Reference
      • by Diana Hacker
      • Keys for Writers by Ann Raimes
    • Online Resources
      • KnightCite ( http://www.calvin.edu/library/knightcite )
        • **Remember to choose the type of source you are citing!
      • NCSU’s Citation Builder ( http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/lobo2/citationbuilder/citationbuilder.php )
      • Virtual Library (Accessible through the Student Portal)
        • Click on the “Reference” tab, then choose “Grammar, Writing & Style”
      The following online resources provide instructions on how to form in-text citations and a list of References.