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Avoiding Plagiariarism and using APA Citation
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Avoiding Plagiariarism and using APA Citation


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  • 1. AVOIDING PLAGIARISM How to use APA Style Guidelines to Cite Your Sources Created by: Jill Robinson Learning Resource Center ITT Technical Institute Morrisville, NC January 2009 Updated by: Jennifer Joyner and Sarah Jenkins Learning Resource Center ITT Technical Institute Morrisville, NC September 2009
  • 2. Plagiarism can come in many forms…
    • Sources cited but still plagiarized (incorrectly using Citation Style Guidelines)
    • Sources used but not cited
    • Copy/Paste
    • Word Switch
    • Idea (those not accepted as general knowledge)
  • 3. To cite or not to cite? Take the Quiz:
    • If in doubt…
    • CITE IT!
    Use a set of style guidelines, such as those offered by the APA (American Psychological Association) to correctly cite your sources. This presentation offers advice on writing using APA Style.
  • 4. STEP 1: Integrating Outside Sources into your Work
    • You can integrate an outside source into your work in 3 different ways
        • Quoting – keeping the original quote as is, using quotation marks
        • Paraphrasing – restating all of the information in the original source in your own words
        • Summarizing – rewording or restating the main idea
  • 5. STEP 2a: Pause to give credit to the original author
    • In APA Style, use in-text citations.
    • After using information from an outside source in the body of your paper or assignment, include a citation in parentheses.
    • In-text citations are like hyperlinks to a bibliography.
    • Example:
    • He believes, “To make the most of those skills, we need a more creative capitalism: an attempt to stretch the reach of market forces so that more companies can benefit from doing work that makes more people better off ” (Gates, 2008, p. 41).
      • This is a quotation from Bill Gates in Time magazine .
  • 6. Step 2b: Creating In-Text Citations
    • Examples:
    • Author name known: (Gates, 2008, p. 41).
    • Two Authors: (Gates & Jobs, 2003, p. 77).
    • Examples used in a sentence:
    • He said, “To make the most of those skills, we need a more creative capitalism…” (Gates, 2008, p. 41).
    • Gates (2008) argues, “To make the most of those skills, we need a more creative capitalism…” (p. 41).
      • In this instance, since the author is named in a phrase introducing the quote, we include the publication year after the author’s name and the page number at the end of the quotation.
    Direct quotations : Put quotation marks around the quoted text. After the direct quote, enter a single space, then the author’s last name, the year, and page number in parentheses. Indirect quotations : After a summary or paraphrase, it is not necessary to include the page number in the in-text citation.
  • 7. STEP 3: Creating a List of References
    • Put the list of references on a separate sheet of paper at the end of your research paper. Title the page “References.”
    • Arrange the list alphabetically by author’s last name. If no author is listed, alphabetize by title.
    • Double space the list and indent any lines after the first line of the citation.
    • Create your bibliography as you write your paper instead of waiting until you are finished.
  • 8. Citing Websites
    • When citing a website, include the following information when available:
    • Author’s name
    • Date of publication
    • Title of document in italics
    • Date you accessed the source
    • Electronic address (URL)
  • 9. Online (electronic) or Print?
    • Did you find your source in the Virtual Library? If so, you may not need to cite your source as an electronic resource.
    • Many resources are digitized from their original print publications for easier access.
    • Rule of Thumb:
      • If you are using a book, journal, magazine, or newspaper that you located using the Virtual Library, cite the source as a regular print resource.
      • If you are using a source that you found using a search engine (Google, Yahoo, etc.), cite the source as an electronic source.
      • If you are using a source available from a government website or some other sponsoring institution, association, or agency website, cite the source as an electronic source.
  • 10. APA List of References Sample Page **Image taken from For more information or further explanation, please see the above webpage.
  • 11. Online Resources
    • KnightCite ( )
      • **Remember to choose the type of source you are citing!
    • NCSU’s Citation Builder ( )
    • Virtual Library (Accessible through the Student Portal)
      • Click on the “Reference” tab, then choose “Grammar, Writing & Style”
    The following online resources provide instructions on how to form in-text citations and a list of References.