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AVOIDING PLAGIARISM How to use APA Style Guidelines to Cite Your Sources Created by: Jill Robinson Learning Resource Center ITT Technical Institute Morrisville, NC January 2009 Updated by: Jennifer Joyner and Sarah Jenkins Learning Resource Center ITT Technical Institute Morrisville, NC September 2009
Sources cited but still plagiarized (incorrectly using Citation Style Guidelines)
Sources used but not cited
Idea (those not accepted as general knowledge)
To cite or not to cite? Take the Quiz: www.infolit4techstudents.pbwiki.com/Citation-Quiz
If in doubt…
Use a set of style guidelines, such as those offered by the APA (American Psychological Association) to correctly cite your sources. This presentation offers advice on writing using APA Style.
STEP 1: Integrating Outside Sources into your Work
You can integrate an outside source into your work in 3 different ways
Quoting – keeping the original quote as is, using quotation marks
Paraphrasing – restating all of the information in the original source in your own words
Summarizing – rewording or restating the main idea
STEP 2a: Pause to give credit to the original author
In APA Style, use in-text citations.
After using information from an outside source in the body of your paper or assignment, include a citation in parentheses.
In-text citations are like hyperlinks to a bibliography.
He believes, “To make the most of those skills, we need a more creative capitalism: an attempt to stretch the reach of market forces so that more companies can benefit from doing work that makes more people better off ” (Gates, 2008, p. 41).
This is a quotation from Bill Gates in Time magazine .
He said, “To make the most of those skills, we need a more creative capitalism…” (Gates, 2008, p. 41).
Gates (2008) argues, “To make the most of those skills, we need a more creative capitalism…” (p. 41).
In this instance, since the author is named in a phrase introducing the quote, we include the publication year after the author’s name and the page number at the end of the quotation.
Direct quotations : Put quotation marks around the quoted text. After the direct quote, enter a single space, then the author’s last name, the year, and page number in parentheses. Indirect quotations : After a summary or paraphrase, it is not necessary to include the page number in the in-text citation.