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Kenya Workshop 1540 Dual Benefit Assistance

Kenya Workshop 1540 Dual Benefit Assistance



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    Kenya Workshop 1540 Dual Benefit Assistance Kenya Workshop 1540 Dual Benefit Assistance Presentation Transcript

    • PROMOTING REGIONAL SECURITY AND DEVELOPMENT WITH INTERNATIONAL SECURITYASSISTANCE: A LEGAL-REGULATORY WORKSHOP Day I “Opportunities through UN Security Council Resolution 1540” September 20‐22 Nairobi, Kenya Johan Bergenäs Research Analyst The Stimson Center 1111 19th St., NW  12th Floor Washington, DC  20036 (202) 478‐3443 jbergenas@stimson.org Managing Across Boundaries
    • Donor Government Priorities• Counterterrorism- 10 years after 9/11 global counterterrorism capacity-building remains top priority among donor countries; resources committed to this priority are vast• WMD nonproliferation- 2002 G8 Global partnership established to provide $20 billion toward the nonproliferation of biological, chemical and nuclear weapons (focus on FSU states)- Extended for 10 years with global reach, including implementation of Resolution 1540, offer opportunity for Kenya and East Africa region Managing Across Boundaries
    • UN Security Council Resolution 1540 • Adopted unanimously in 2004 in response to A.Q. Khan nuclear “black market.” • Legally binding call to: - Enact legal and enforcement mechanisms to prevent non-state actors from manufacturing, acquiring, transshipping WMD - Develop, update and enhance physical protection measures of WMD and related materials, effective border and strategic trade controls, judicial, financial, law enforcement systems etc. - Encourages states with the capacity to provide assistance and in turn encourages states in need of implementation assistance to request any resources (financial, technical, human assistance) that will enable them to meet the requirements of 1540 Managing Across Boundaries
    • Development/Security Priorities of Kenya/East Africa• Near unimpeded flow of small arms and light weapons into and within the East Africa region fuels conflict, furthers and elevates impact of violence and significantly hinders prospects for economic development, education, other social programs• Public health challenges including tuberculosis and outbreaks of plague and rift valley disease have killed thousands in recent years, significantly impacting regional economies• Al-Shabaab has launched repeated cross border attacks into Kenya and neighboring countries including Uganda, killing and wounding hundreds• Somali refugees continue to flee across borders in astonishing numbers due to civil violence threatening regional stability and greatly impacting humanitarian efforts• East Africa has become a new source and transit point for illicit drugs with related violence and addiction rates rising Managing Across Boundaries
    • What Type of Capacity is Needed? Resolution 1540/broader Kenya/regional • Legal development development/security security imperatives • Rule of law challenges • Institutional capacity building • Provision of equipment • Develop legislative • Training framework • Tertiary education • Border controls • Personnel development• Export/transshipment • Border controls controls • Customs enforcement/revenue collection • Financial controls • Global competitiveness/development • Logistics • Physical security of • Infrastructure development materials/equipment • Disease surveillance and response • Law enforcement • Reform public finance • Legal training • Prevent natural resource trafficking • CBRN expertise • Improve reliability of transport system training/equipment • Provide mobile health centers for rural areas /notification • Training, logistics for public health providers Managing Across Boundaries
    • 1540 “Dual-Benefit” Security Assistance• Assistance provided to enhance border and export controls to prevent WMD proliferation to non-state actors also inhibit regional terrorist activities• Many of the resources required to limit dual-use nuclear products from being trafficked throughout Kenya/East Africa are the same capacity-building necessary to combat SALW and drug smuggling• Assistance with strategic trade controls promote efficiencies at transit hubs that in turn facilitate trade expansion, business development and national competitiveness within the global supply chain• Detecting and responding to biological weapons requires a functional disease surveillance network and a public health infrastructure, and assistance requisite for implementation of the Biological Weapons Convention similarly supports national public health capacity and adherence to International Health Regulations (IHR)• Preventing human trafficking relies upon many of the same resources and capacities necessary to detect and prevent movement of terrorists or nuclear components and materials to states and terrorist organizations; and Managing Across Boundaries
    • 1540 Dual-Benefit Security Assistance to Meet Kenyan Priorities Resolution 1540 Nonproliferation of Biological, Chemical and  Nuclear Weapons Border, Export and  Customs Controls, Rule of  Law, Tertiary Education,  Disease Surveillance,  Countertrafficking, Public  Health Infrastructure, Law Enforcement,  Security Sector Reform Small Arms Proliferation,  Economic and Rural Development, Illicit Trafficking, Public Health, Disease Surveillance, Education, Good Governance, Security Terrorism, Human security Rule of Law Development Managing Across Boundaries
    • Recent 1540 Dual-Benefit Security assistance success stories• Caribbean region and Resolution 1540 Central America have successfully requested 1540 dual-benefit WMD Nonproliferation assistance to cover broader security and development capacity- Securing Borders, Customs Enforcement,  building needs Military/Law Enforcement Personnel Training, Tertiary  throughout the regions Education Counterdrug Efforts, Economic • 1540 regional Preventing Small Arms Development and  Trafficking, Addressing  Diversification coordinators Youth Gangs and Crime  Security Development Managing Across Boundaries