Johan_Bergenas_ppt _Uppsala_University_3_1_12

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Johan_Bergenas_ppt _Uppsala_University_3_1_12

  1. 1. Do Good, Keep Us Safe, Make Profit:The Role of Technology and Corporations forEconomic Development and Global Security 1 Mars, 2012 Uppsala University Johan Bergenäs Deputy Director, Managing Across Boundaries The Stimson Center 1111 19th St., NW 12th Floor Washington, DC 20036 (202) 223-5956 jbergenas@stimson.org Managing Across Boundaries
  2. 2. Technology is good and bad Food or war Electricity or nuclear weapons Question we should ask:How and why do we use high tech and corporations as instruments to do good? Managing Across Boundaries
  3. 3. Controversial topic• Corporations only want to make money• Corporations are only responsible to their shareholders• Corporations don’t care about public policy or the common good• Technology can help people, but it can also be used for immoral/illegal purposes, as a means to clamp down on citizens in dictatorships Managing Across Boundaries
  4. 4. What to Expect• Role for technology and the private sector in building a framework for security and economic development• Sustainable development through security capacity building (using technology and corporations as instruments for good)• Modern 21st century “whole of society” solutions: from a Military-Industrial Complex to a Development-Industrial Complex Managing Across Boundaries
  5. 5. The Managing Across Boundaries Program“Whole of Society Solutions to Transnational Challenges” Managing Across Boundaries
  6. 6. Defining and Emerging Trends in International Relations Today • Intensified focus on the nexus between security and development • “Whole of government”  “Whole of Society” solutions to global challenges • Increased emphasis on technology as an antidote to 21st-century security threats and development challenges Managing Across Boundaries
  7. 7. Increased Emphasis on Technology as an Antidote to 21st-Century Security Threats and Development Challenges: Indicators From Multinational Organizations Millennium Development Goal #8 target: The private sector is an important collaborative partner in “mak[ing] available the benefits of new technologies” to “develop a global partnership for development.” Managing Across Boundaries
  8. 8. Increased Emphasis on Technology as an Antidote to 21st-Century Security Threats and Development Challenges: Indicators From Multinational Organizations The International Atomic Energy Agency Preventing this? Or furthering this? Managing Across Boundaries
  9. 9. Increased Emphasis on Technology as an Antidote to 21st-Century Security Threats and Development Challenges: Indicators From Governments Japan Managing Across Boundaries
  10. 10. Increased Emphasis on Technology as an Antidote to 21st-Century Security Threats and Development Challenges: Indicators From the Private Sector“Technology is part of every challengein the world and a part of everysolution.”- Jared Cohen, Director, Google Ideas Managing Across Boundaries
  11. 11. Increased Emphasis on Technology as an Antidote to 21st-Century Security Threats and Development Challenges: Indicators From the Private SectorMaking technology accessible to the masses (partly through public-private sector links) Changing/improving lives and making societies more efficient Do good, keep us safe, make profit How to spread this model throughout the world? Managing Across Boundaries
  12. 12. Increased emphasis on technology as an antidote to 21st- century security threats and development challenges: Indicators From the GroundKey Challenges include:•Small arms proliferation and trafficking•Al Shabaab•Piracy, other maritime security issuesCapacity shortfalls:•Border insecurity David Kimaiyo, Director, President’s office, Kenya•Lacking infrastructure National Focal Point on SALW•Weak government institutionsConsequences:•Security threats  DevelopmentChallenges Managing Across Boundaries
  13. 13. National/Regional Strategy Identified• Technical capacity and training at border points and ports - Arms-detection gear and techniques - Surveillance systems and scanners - More effective policing and patrolling at border hot spots (training)• Maritime security• Aerial surveillance Sustainable development through security capacity-building Which sector in society has the background/technology to fill the capacity gaps? Managing Across Boundaries
  14. 14. Increased emphasis on technology as an antidote to 21st-century security threats and development challenges: Indicators From the Ground Key Challenges include: •Transnational Crime •Inflation •Corruption Capacity shortfalls: •Law enforcement •Communications equipment •Training Consequences: •Security threats  Development Challenges Managing Across Boundaries
  15. 15. A Pakistani Border Guard’s Perspective on Development• Surveillance and detector equipment at border points (hardware and software)• Entrance detection systems• Mobile phones• Sophisticate communications system to communicate along the bordersustainable development through security capacity building hich sector in society has the background/technology to fill the capacity gaps? Managing Across Boundaries
  16. 16. Sustainable Development through Security Capacity Building around the World• Latin American transnational crime and development• From a tourist- to a trade-based economy for security and development in the Caribbean Basin• Middle Eastern and North African migration, non-state actor challenges, democracy, and development• Middle Eastern, Southeast Asian energy security and development• East African and Southeast Asian public health, security, and development• Southeast Asian climate change adaption and development Managing Across Boundaries
  17. 17. Sustainable Development through Security Capacity Building around the World Freighter and Communications C4I systems container security IT security Command and control systems Aerial Surveillance Technology to protect Port security critical infrastructure Airport security Border security Financial control Underwater security Effective export controls Urban security and Training and technology to law public transportation enforcement, police, first responders monitoring Maritime surveillance and emergency personnelWhat sector in society has the background/technology to fill the capacity gaps? Managing Across Boundaries
  18. 18. Private IndustryTailor-made solutions through partnerships with governments and civil society Managing Across Boundaries
  19. 19. Higher Purpose Focus Managing Across Boundaries
  20. 20. From a Military-Industrial Complex to a Development Industrial Complex: the Swedish Example Technology as an Instrument to Achieve National Goals: Defense (1648 – 1945)Cold War defense and security (1945 – 1991) Trade security (1980 – today) Sustainable development (today ) Managing Across Boundaries
  21. 21. The Development Industrial Complex:• Historic commitment to human security and sustainable economic development globally• Robust high technology and communications sectors; use it as an instrument to achieve national/international goals• Gunilla Carlsson wants “less talk, more action” with development assistance• SIDA’s overall goal is to create conditions for poor people to improve their lives…sustainable development through security capacity building• History of successful government and industry collaboration for the benefit of Swedish society• A very strong, knowledgeable and engaged civil society A new profile issue for Sweden? Managing Across Boundaries
  22. 22. The Development-Industrial Complex Managing Across Boundaries
  23. 23. Back to Africa: Development-Industrial Complex in ActionPic from Uppsala on • SIDA and/or other Swedish msb, sida, kenya government agencies would provide funding • MSB would be responsible for capacity-building experience and oversight • High technology corporations would design/provide tailor made solutions in terms of tech and training to backfill capacity shortfalls • Swedish and local NGOs: - provide local ownership - Transparency - maximize the investments on the ground for the immediately impacted communitiesSustainable Development through Security/Technology Capacity Building Managing Across Boundaries
  24. 24. The question is not if technology and corporations are good or bad! The question is…How do we tap into high tech and corporations potential and find innvoative solutions to use them as instruments to do good Thanks for listening!Send me an email if you are in Washington, or if I can help you with anything! jbergenas@stimson.org Managing Across Boundaries

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