Evolving Issues with Japan-U.S. Arms Exports and its Implications for Japan’s Future Defense Capabilities: Towards Synergistic Defense Capabilities for the Alliance Koji Imaki Visiting Fellow, Stimson Center 1
OutlineA Survey of Japan’s Defense Capability Current System Inventory of Japan Self Defense Force Controversial Development of Key Defense SystemsDefense Capabilities of U.S. Allies and Partners United Kingdom Taiwan Republic of KoreaExternal and Internal Environment of Japanese & U.S. Defense Initiatives Anti-Access/Area Denial Environment Japan’s Decision on Relaxing Arms Export Principles U.S. Defense Strategic Guidance and its implication for the Defense Industrial BaseJapan’s Future Defense Capability Strategic Vision in Shaping Defense Capability Strategic Goals in Defense Capability Guideline for Shaping Defense Capability 2
Japan’s Defense Inventories Offshore Development Joint Development Indigenous Development U.S. OthersAir Self F-15 F-2 JADGE *Defense F-4 C-1Force E-767 KC-767 Offshore Development Joint Development Indigenous Development U.S. OthersMaritime P-3 MCH-101 SM-3* P-1 (ASW**)Self Aegis System Soryu-class SubmarineDefense Hatakaze-class DestroyerForce US-2 (Amphibious Aircraft) Offshore Development Joint Development Indigenous DevelopmentGround U.S. OthersSelf AH-64 Type-10 & -90 TankDefense OH-1 HelicopterForce Type-03 SAM* SSM-1* 3 <Source> IISS, The Military Balance, 2010, & Jane’s, All the World’s Aircraft, 2009-2010
U.S. Developed Fighter Aircraft in Allies’ InventoryPercentage of U.S. Fighter ★ FS-X Year 4 <Source> Defense of Japan White Paper, 1975-2011, Japan Ministry of Defense. Hura, et. al., 2000, Interoperability: A Continuing Challenge in Coalition Air Operations, RAN
Japan’s Defense-Related System Development Overview 5<Source> IISS, The Military Balance, 2010, & Jane’s, All the World’s Aircraft, 2009-2010, The World Defence Almanac 2009.
U.S. Allies’/Partner’s Defense Inventories (Summary) Offshore Development Joint Development Indigenous Development U.S. Others Air E-3 Typhoon Harrier Force TornadoUK (F-35) Navy Trident SLBM Invincible-class Carrier Sheffield-class Destroyer Vanguard-class Submarine Army WAH-64 Helicopter Challenger-2 Tank Offshore Development Joint Indigenous Development Development U.S. Others Air F-16A/B Mirage2000 IDF*Taiwan Force E-2 Navy Kidd-class La Fayette-class Frigate Destroyer Zwaardvis-class Submarine Army M-60 Tank Patriot SAM Offshore Development Joint Indigenous Development Developmen U.S. Others Air F-15K Missile A/T-50 Force F-16C/D SystemROK E-737 (Russia) Navy Aegis Destroyer 209-class Submarine Sejong the Great -class Destroyer P-3 213-class Submarine Yi Sun Shin-class Destroyer Army AH-1 Helicopter T-80U (Russia) K-2 Tank 6 Patriot SAM
Geopolitical Landscape of Anti-Access Environment in Asia a Se a hin tC Okinawa Guam s Ea South China Sea 7<Source> Department of Defense, Office of the Secretary of Defense, Annual Report to Congress on the Military Power of the People’s Republicof China, 2009, p. 18, accessed at http://www.defenselink.mil/pubs/pdfs/China_Military_Power_Report_2009.pdf), on February 28, 2012.
Geographical Environments in Southwestern Japan 1000km 8 <Source> BBC News, Asia-Pacific. Retrieved on March 8, 2012 from http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-pacific-11341139
Layered Capabilities in Defense System LO* Tier-3 Enhanced Sensor Connectivity Tier-2 Range Fire Power Tier-1Mobility Persistency Resilience (Baseline) *LO: Low Observatory 9