Brian Finlay Rome presentation sept 2012

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  • 1. WMD Threats & Counterproliferation:The Role of Private Industry and the Global South in Maritime Security 20 September 2012 Rome, Italy Brian D. Finlay Managing Director Managing Across Boundaries Program The Stimson Center 1111 19th St., NW 12th Floor Washington, DC 20036 (202) 478-3444 bfinlay@stimson.org Managing Across Boundaries
  • 2. Stimson: Managing Across Boundaries MANAGING ACROSS STIMSON BOUNDARIES NONPROFIT NATIONAL SECURITY AN INCREASING ARRAY OF THINK TANK TRANSNATIONAL CHALLENGES - FROM WMD PROLIFERATION AND THE THE STIMSON CENTERS WORK IS GLOBAL DRUG TRADE, TO FOCUSED ON THREE PRIORITIES CONTEMPORARY HUMAN SLAVERY, THAT ARE ESSENTIAL TO GLOBAL SMALL ARMS TRAFFICKING, AND SECURITY: COUNTERFEIT INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY - HAVE BECOME SO•STRENGTHENING INSTITUTIONS FOR WIDESPREAD THEY THREATEN TO INTERNATIONAL PEACE AND OVERWHELM THE CAPABILITIES OF SECURITY EVEN THE MOST WELL-INTENTIONED•BUILDING REGIONAL SECURITY, AND GOVERNMENTS TO MITIGATE THEIR •REDUCING WEAPONS OF MASS DESTRUCTIVE EFFECTS. DESTRUCTION AND TRANSNATIONAL THREATS THE MANAGING ACROSS BOUNDARIES PROGRAM LOOKS FORSTIMSONS APPROACH IS PRAGMATIC INNOVATIVE GOVERNMENT - GEARED TOWARD PROVIDING RESPONSES - AT THE NATIONAL, POLICY ALTERNATIVES, SOLVING REGIONAL, AND INTERNATIONAL PROBLEMS, AND OVERCOMING LEVELS - AND FOR SMART PUBLIC- OBSTACLES TO A MORE PEACEFUL PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS TO AND SECURE WORLD. MITIGATE THESE THREATS. OUR EXPERTS AND RESEARCHERS WORK TO CONCEPTUALIZE AND CATALYZE "WHOLE OF SOCIETY" SOLUTIONS TO THE MOST PRESSING TRANSNATIONAL CHALLENGES OF OUR DAY. Managing Across Boundaries
  • 3. The Benefits of GlobalizationForeign Direct Investment International Trade Expansion Globalized Business Practices Spread of Innovation Global Supply Chaining Cold War Demobilization Managing Across Boundaries
  • 4. Maturation of Global Supply Chain Managing Across Boundaries
  • 5. Global Narcotics Supply Routes Managing Across Boundaries
  • 6. Global Supply Routes for Conventional Arms Managing Across Boundaries
  • 7. Global Human Trafficking Routes Managing Across Boundaries
  • 8. Global Proliferation Supply Chain Managing Across Boundaries
  • 9. Fusion of the Licit and Illicit Global Supply Chains Managing Across Boundaries
  • 10. Critical Untapped Partners THE GLOBAL SOUTH SUPPLY CHAIN INDUSTRY• Lacking border and maritime security capacity;• Lack of financial resources to manage threat;• Lacking political interest in the global WMD nonproliferation agenda • Enhanced information sharing • Greater transparency • Reasonable screening standards • Profitable thickening of the supply chain Managing Across Boundaries
  • 11. Yemen Printer Bomb Plot October 28, 2010, AQAP attempts to load explosive devices hidden in printer cartridges from Yemen to the USA; Technical screening, canines, physical inspection all fail to detect devices; Plot disrupted by specific human intelligence allowing companies to identify and neutralize the shipments. October 29th, 2010, Express Association of America (EEA) brings four express carriers into conversation with Customs and Border Patrol and Transportation Security Administration; All agree that providing information on cargo shipments earlier would help enhance transparency; Companies were allowed to take the lead in developing the right solution. Managing Across Boundaries
  • 12. Air Cargo Advanced Screening (ACAS) An Example of Effective CooperationRESULT•By January 2011, all four express firms transmitting data con shipments fromidentified list of countries;•Seven key data elements part of new information sharing system;•Transmission time expanded from 4 hours to 24 hours;•Express companies provide access to proprietary information and targeting systemsto help CBP/TSA resolve anomalies;•Each company develops own IT solutions;•To date, more than 33 million air cargo shipments analyzed;•Nearly 3000 have been identified for additional screening.•Key factor for success is flexibility by both public and private sectors;•Government agrees NO TIME DEADLINES, NO PENALTIES for inaccurate orincomplete data•All achieved without federal register notices, no new regulations, no legislation;•No Congressional overreaction;•Seen in mutual interest of private companies and US Government. Source: Express Association, Michael Mullen http://www.expressassociation.org/ Managing Across Boundaries
  • 13. TASK FOR CE MEMB ER SR ADM (ret) Jay Cohen* Core Objectives of the Task Force:Principal, Chertoff GroupTask Force Chairman  enhanced information flows between the private sector and government inB arry B lechman**Former CEO, support of identifying and preventing illicit activities; andDFI InternationalTask Force Vice-Chairman  development of new mechanisms for industry self-regulation consistent withValer ie AbendManaging Director, government security needs.BNY MellonAnn B eauchesne GUIDING PRINCIPLES for ENGAGEMENTVP of National Security & EmergencyPreparedness, US Chamber of CommerceKenneth Br ill oPublic-private collaborations must be responsive to market characteristics and security gaps.Former Director, National CounterproliferationCenter Even when modeled on past successes, static, formulaic approaches will not keep pace with today’sJohn CoglianoVP, Homeland Security Solutions, Lexington economic and security dynamics. The key to mutually beneficial collaboration is a flexible process andInsurance Company incentive structure that satisfies the economic concerns of industry and the regulatory concerns ofB rad GaryFormer VP, Allergan government. Market forces, in themselves, are not a panacea . Respect for proprietary businessR onnie GoldbergExecutive VP, U.S. Council operations and the profit motive must be balanced with sufficient transparency for oversight in servicefor International Business of security challenges.G ary GreggFormer President and CEO, oInformation-sharing must be an ongoing priority. Properly calibrating the roles and responsibilitiesLiberty Mutual Agency Corp.R upert Herbert -B urns of government and private sector actors depends on an institutionalized information-sharing frameworkFormer Director of Intelligence, Lloyd’s ListIntelligence that benefits both constituencies. Moreover, when effective public-private collaborations already exist,P eter Lichtenbaum new initiatives should strengthen and complement them rather than duplicating effort.Partner, Covington & BurlingMichael C. Mullen oSecurity and profitability can be mutually reinforcing goals. Companies can maintain existingExecutive Director, Express Association of America advantages and unlock new market opportunities by improving security within their organizations andR ADM (ret) David OliverFormer COO, respective industries, and by contributing to the security and resilience of the wider global trading andEADS North AmericaR ob R osenberg financial systems.CFO, NTELX Managing Across Boundaries