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Bf vienna ppt

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  • 1. Meeting the Objectives of UN Security Council Resolution 1540: The Role of Civil Society Brian Finlay Managing Director and Senior Associate Managing Across Boundaries Stimson 202.478.3444 bfinlay@stimson.org www.stimson.org/programs/managing-across-boundaries
  • 2. Innovating 1540
  • 3. National Monitoring UNSCR Resolution 1540 uniquely targets the threat of WMD terrorism, and therefore, seeks to directly protect the interests of civil society; Civil society has a unique role to play in monitoring their respective governments’ efforts to ensure implementation of the Resolution; These efforts can go far to help raise awareness and build political momentum toward implementation Considered expansively, this role goes beyond security think tanks and other civil society groups.
  • 4. Awareness Raising Local civil society organizations can play a role in raising the priorities of 1540 to their respective governments Many civil society groups have worked both independently and in cooperation with governments to hosted awareness-raising seminars and workshops, and otherwise have participated as experts in international conferences focusing on 1540.
  • 5. Information Sharing Many governments have failed to prioritize implementation of 1540, occasionally due to a competition with other priorities; Others lack awareness of the mandate and opportunities; Civil society organizations can play critical role in raising the profile beyond international events.
  • 6. Legal Gap Analysis A first practical step for any national government in implementing the Resolution is a comprehensive legal analysis that compares and contrasts existing legal authorities with the mandate of the Resolution This is a role often well suited to specialized civil society organizations
  • 7. Provision of Specialized Expertise Effective implementation of the UN Security Council Resolution 1540 requires extensive knowledge and capacities across an extraordinarily broad array of relevant practical, legal, and policy fields; Civil society organizations may be able to backfill these competencies.
  • 8. Training Many governments lack the technical capacity or willingness to divert those scare resources; Civil society organizations often possess the unique knowledge and capacities requisite to transmit to government agencies.
  • 9. Financial Assistance Rarely are civil society organizations able to fully finance their activities without the external financial support Philanthropic organizations. can often provide more nimble assistance to promote innovation in ways that government authorities are either unable or unwilling.
  • 10. Building Implementation Networks an Identifying Donors The breadth of responsibilities under UNSCR 1540 is so vast that identifying and building implementation networks of government agencies, civil society actors, private industry, and international, regional, and sub- regional organizations is essential to full and effective implementation.
  • 11. Political Legitimacy and Assisting Governments in Drafting Requests for Assistance In many instances, implementation of 1540 is an insufficiently high priority for governments; Indigenous civil society organizations can play a significant role in promoting the political legitimacy of a national WMD security agenda; These organizations can also provide direct implementation assistance to their national authorities.
  • 12. Breadth of Civil Society Engagement UNSCR 1540 requires a wide breadth of skills and assets to achieve implementation; These skills go beyond WMD security; Critical role to be played by:  Legal scholars  Public health experts  Supply chain specialists Civil society can become a critical bridge into these constituencies.
  • 13. Recommendations for Civil Society1. Launching a comprehensive assessment of their governments’ national implementation programs, identifying gaps, and advocating for enhanced engagement;2. Notifying the Committee/UNODA of their unique interests and specialized expertise;3. Making available that expertise to the Committee/UNODA and to interested States;4. Coordinating their national and international activities with the Committee and with UNODA;5. Establishing relationships across national borders and working with local NGOs to facilitate national buy-in and a deeper understanding of assistance needs;6. Development of a comprehensive database detailing the capacities of civil society organizations around the world capable of assisting with UNSCR 1540 implementation