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10 johannes rath side event

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  • 1. Ethics andNon-proliferation Johannes Rath University of Vienna, Austria johannes.rath@univie.ac.at
  • 2. OVERVIEW1. Ethics and Civil Society2. Ethics, Civil Society and Governance  Medical Ethics Committees3. Ethics, Civil Society, Governance and Non-proliferation  European Commission (EC) Ethics Review and Audit System for Research4. Conclusions
  • 3. 1. Ethics and Civil SocietyEthics - the virtue of doing things the right wayEthics – an important mechanism in guiding civil society
  • 4. 2. Ethics, Civil Society, Governance Medical Ethics CommitteesInstitutionalized Ethics Oversight in MedicineHelsinki Declaration, World Medical AssociationGlobal RelevancePharmaceutical and Medical Law build on ethics oversight
  • 5. 3. Ethics, Civil Society, Governance, Non-proliferation EC Ethics Oversight Since 2002 Ethics Review all EU financed research (FP6, FP7) Mandate includes Dual-use and refers to all generally accepted international legislation (e.g. BTWC)
  • 6. 3. Ethics, Civil Society, Governance, Non-proliferation EC Ethics Oversight Experts from Civil Society Multidisciplinary advisory panels Systematic assessment Recommendations included into the funding contract as contractual obligations Ethics audit of running projects to ensure compliance
  • 7. 3. Ethics, Civil Society, Governance, Non-proliferation EC Ethics OversightAdvantages:Multidisciplinarity, InclusivenessThe ability to solve problems before theyariseFlexible, proportional and tailored solutionsStandard setting - above and in addition tominimal legal requirements
  • 8. 3. Ethics, Civil Society, Governance, Non-proliferation EC Ethics Oversight Challenges Threshholds Internationalization of R&D and heterogenities of national legislations and Codes of Conduct Conflicting interests in knowledge management
  • 9. 3. Ethics, Civil Society, Governance, Non-proliferation EC Ethics Oversight Challenges Lack of practical concepts with regard to early risk mitigation and risk avoidance („Replace- Refine-Reduce“?, „Security by Design“?)
  • 10. 4. ConclusionsEthics is more than a theoreticalframework of moral considerationsCivil Society has substantial experiencesin applying ethics as a governance tool forpractical issues.
  • 11. 4. ConclusionsIf ethics is all about doing things the right way,there should be a place for it in Non-proliferationand the implementation of UNSCR 1540.