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Geschiedenis van de volkshuisvesting
Half 19 e  eeuw particulier initiatief drie maatschappelijke groepen: <ul><li>adel (angst voor revolutie en epidemieën) </...
In 1853 draagt Willem III op aan het Koninklijk Instituut Ingenieurs  verbeteringen door te voeren, want: <ul><li>woontoes...
Woonsituatie Nederlanders blijft echter slecht, want: <ul><li>ontstaan industriële revolutie: toestroom naar de stad </li>...
Eind 19e eeuw oprichting  bouwverenigingen door: <ul><li>gegoede burgers (filantropie/kapitaalinjectie) </li></ul><ul><li>...
Woningwet 1901 (van kracht in 1902) <ul><li>particuliere instellingen bouwen met overheidssteun  in algemeen belang </li><...
Vervolg Woningwet 1901 <ul><li>geen filantropie, armenzorg, exploitatiesubsidie:  kapitaal werd verstrekt tegen een redeli...
Populaire namen van corporaties  tot 20ste eeuw: <ul><li>St. Joseph </li></ul><ul><li>Goed Wonen, Goede Woning </li></ul><...
Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,  1902-1922 1341 woningcorporaties (ca.50 woningen) 1921 Alleen toegelaten indien ...
Vanaf midden jaren zeventig grote operaties: <ul><li>stadsvernieuwing (bouwen voor de buurt) </li></ul><ul><li>renovatie (...
Jaren tachtig  <ul><li>bezuinigingen </li></ul><ul><li>einde maakbare samenleving </li></ul><ul><li>marktdenken </li></ul>...
Kernwoorden negentiger jaren:  deregulering, decentralisatie, verzelfstandiging <ul><li>meer koop, minder huur </li></ul><...
Besluit Beheer Sociale Huursector 1993: <ul><li>van toezicht overheid  vooraf </li></ul><ul><li>naar verantwoording  achte...
Prestatievelden in BBSH: <ul><li>kwaliteit woningen </li></ul><ul><li>verhuren aan de doelgroep </li></ul><ul><li>financië...
Kernwoorden jaren nul <ul><li>vermaatschappelijking </li></ul><ul><li>wonen-zorg, en vele andere vitale coalities </li></u...
Ontwikkeling huur-/koopwon. 1991 - 2007 Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
Nieuwbouw 1991 - 2007 Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
Aandeel corporaties in nieuwbouw Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
Huurtoeslag en hypotheekrenteaftrek Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
Cijfers subsidie huur en koop 1991-2009 Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,  Rubriek Totaal Per woning Jaarlijks bij ...
Totale uitgaven corporaties Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
<ul><li>Financiering ambitieuze plannen </li></ul><ul><li>Bevordering doorstroming  </li></ul><ul><li>Wijkaanpak </li></ul...
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A03 presentatie geschiedenis vhv 2009

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  • Transcript of "A03 presentatie geschiedenis vhv 2009"

    1. 1. Geschiedenis van de volkshuisvesting
    2. 2. Half 19 e eeuw particulier initiatief drie maatschappelijke groepen: <ul><li>adel (angst voor revolutie en epidemieën) </li></ul><ul><li>middenstand / boeren / ambachtslieden (gezond personeel) </li></ul><ul><li>armen (samen sterk) </li></ul>Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    3. 3. In 1853 draagt Willem III op aan het Koninklijk Instituut Ingenieurs verbeteringen door te voeren, want: <ul><li>woontoestand Nederland erbarmelijk </li></ul><ul><li>hygiëne wordt taak Ministerie van Volksgezondheid </li></ul><ul><li>ziektes verspreid via lucht </li></ul><ul><li>door schaarste woekerhuren </li></ul>Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    4. 4. Woonsituatie Nederlanders blijft echter slecht, want: <ul><li>ontstaan industriële revolutie: toestroom naar de stad </li></ul><ul><li>geen hygiëne </li></ul><ul><li>regelmatig epidemieën </li></ul><ul><li>gebrek aan licht en lucht </li></ul><ul><li>gebrek aan sanitaire voorzieningen </li></ul>Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    5. 5. Eind 19e eeuw oprichting bouwverenigingen door: <ul><li>gegoede burgers (filantropie/kapitaalinjectie) </li></ul><ul><li>fabrikanten (gezond personeel) </li></ul><ul><li>arbeiders (ontwakend bewustzijn) </li></ul><ul><li>het gaat om circa veertig bouwverenigingen </li></ul><ul><li>maar het particulier initiatief leidt tot te goedkope bouw </li></ul>Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    6. 6. Woningwet 1901 (van kracht in 1902) <ul><li>particuliere instellingen bouwen met overheidssteun in algemeen belang </li></ul><ul><li>financiële steun als corporatie (ca. 50) ‘toegelaten’ is </li></ul><ul><li>ook gemeentelijke woningbedrijven bouwen met steun </li></ul>Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    7. 7. Vervolg Woningwet 1901 <ul><li>geen filantropie, armenzorg, exploitatiesubsidie: kapitaal werd verstrekt tegen een redelijke rente met een kostendekkende huur </li></ul><ul><li>sterke binding huurder - corporatie </li></ul><ul><li>twee nieuwe stromingen woningcorporaties - levensbeschouwelijk - categoraal </li></ul>Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    8. 8. Populaire namen van corporaties tot 20ste eeuw: <ul><li>St. Joseph </li></ul><ul><li>Goed Wonen, Goede Woning </li></ul><ul><li>Patrimonium </li></ul><ul><li>Beter Wonen, Volkshuisvesting </li></ul><ul><li>Volksbelang </li></ul><ul><li>Vooruitgang, Samenwerking </li></ul><ul><li>Onze Woning </li></ul><ul><li>Willibrordus </li></ul><ul><li>Eendracht </li></ul><ul><li>Eigen Haard </li></ul><ul><li>Openbaar Belang </li></ul>Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    9. 9. Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers, 1902-1922 1341 woningcorporaties (ca.50 woningen) 1921 Alleen toegelaten indien in belang volkshuisvesting (ook intrekking) Tot 1940 1.235.000 woningen, corporaties 224.000 = 18,4%: hoogste kwaliteit woningen 1940-1945 Nieuwbouw 35.000 (i.p.v. 200.000) en veel vernietigd > woningtekort 700.000! 1945-1950 Geboortegolf en gebrek aan bouwmateriaal WONINGNOOD: alles bewoond, geen luxe bouw
    10. 10. Vanaf midden jaren zeventig grote operaties: <ul><li>stadsvernieuwing (bouwen voor de buurt) </li></ul><ul><li>renovatie (vroeg na-oorlogs bezit) </li></ul><ul><li>uitleggebieden (Bijlmer, Zaanstad) </li></ul><ul><li>groeikernen (Hoorn, Almere, Zoetermeer, Nieuwegein) </li></ul><ul><li>woningnood en bouwprogramma dalen </li></ul><ul><li>huren, inkomens en inflatie stijgen </li></ul><ul><li>http://geschiedenis.vpro.nl/themasites/mediaplayer/index.jsp?media=37090377&refernr=36956307&portalnr=4158511&hostname=geschiedenis&mediatype=video&portalid=geschiedenis# </li></ul>Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    11. 11. Jaren tachtig <ul><li>bezuinigingen </li></ul><ul><li>einde maakbare samenleving </li></ul><ul><li>marktdenken </li></ul><ul><li>Individualisering </li></ul><ul><li>Jaren negentig: </li></ul><ul><li>woningcorporatie wordt bedrijf </li></ul><ul><li>afnemende woningnood (wel behoefte aan kwaliteit) </li></ul><ul><li>meer aandacht voor beheer </li></ul>Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    12. 12. Kernwoorden negentiger jaren: deregulering, decentralisatie, verzelfstandiging <ul><li>meer koop, minder huur </li></ul><ul><li>geen exploitatiesubsidies </li></ul><ul><li>betere positie huurders </li></ul><ul><li>toezicht bij gemeente </li></ul><ul><li>risico’s naar sector </li></ul>Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    13. 13. Besluit Beheer Sociale Huursector 1993: <ul><li>van toezicht overheid vooraf </li></ul><ul><li>naar verantwoording achteraf op: </li></ul>Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    14. 14. Prestatievelden in BBSH: <ul><li>kwaliteit woningen </li></ul><ul><li>verhuren aan de doelgroep </li></ul><ul><li>financiële continuïteit </li></ul><ul><li>leefbaarheid (BBSH 1997) </li></ul><ul><li>betrekken bewoners (Overlegwet 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>wonen en zorg (BBSH 2001) </li></ul>Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    15. 15. Kernwoorden jaren nul <ul><li>vermaatschappelijking </li></ul><ul><li>wonen-zorg, en vele andere vitale coalities </li></ul><ul><li>stedelijke vernieuwing </li></ul>Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    16. 16. Ontwikkeling huur-/koopwon. 1991 - 2007 Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    17. 17. Nieuwbouw 1991 - 2007 Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    18. 18. Aandeel corporaties in nieuwbouw Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    19. 19. Huurtoeslag en hypotheekrenteaftrek Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    20. 20. Cijfers subsidie huur en koop 1991-2009 Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers, Rubriek Totaal Per woning Jaarlijks bij Huur 75 miljard € 28.000 € 750 Koop 150 miljard € 43.000 € 3.500
    21. 21. Totale uitgaven corporaties Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
    22. 22. <ul><li>Financiering ambitieuze plannen </li></ul><ul><li>Bevordering doorstroming </li></ul><ul><li>Wijkaanpak </li></ul><ul><li>Personeel (opleiding en werving) </li></ul><ul><li>Corporatie en overheid: discussie over ordening </li></ul><ul><li>Corporatie en Europa </li></ul>Kernproblemen jaren ’10 Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers, Introductieprogramma nieuwe medewerkers,
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