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Deling av data: ”Tenke det, ønske det, ville det med, men gjøre det...?”
 

Deling av data: ”Tenke det, ønske det, ville det med, men gjøre det...?”

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Presentation on sharing of open data held for the Norwegian government's "Forum for Large Public Web Sites", early in June 2009, soon after Data.gov went live. The talk was in Norwegian, but the PPT ...

Presentation on sharing of open data held for the Norwegian government's "Forum for Large Public Web Sites", early in June 2009, soon after Data.gov went live. The talk was in Norwegian, but the PPT actually contains more English than Norwegian text...

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  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/open/innovations/
  • http://www.data.gov/about
  • http://www.data.gov/catalog
  • http://sunlightlabs.com/contests/appsforamerica2/
  • http://www.appsfordemocracy.org/
  • http://data.octo.dc.gov/
  • http://www.stimuluswatch.org/
  • http://www.politifact.com/truth-o-meter/
  • http://www.everyblock.com/
  • http://boston.everyblock.com/locations/neighborhoods/fenway-kenmore/overview/
  • http://www.latimes.com/news/local/crime/homicidemap/?source=local_news
  • http://www.readership.org/blog2/2007/11/data-as-journalism-journalism-as-data.html
  • http://www.slideshare.net/WDavidStephenson/democratizing-data
  • http://www.slideshare.net/WDavidStephenson/democratizing-data
  • Fra presentasjonen ”Økt offentlig samhandling gjennom tverrgående prosesskartlegging”, Software 2009, 12.februar 2009 Spor: Forretningsarkitektur og prosessledelse i praksis ( link til program ) Henrik Smith-Meyer (DNV) Lasse Udjus (Karde)
  • ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/ist/docs/ict-ent-net/isg-report-4-0-erratum_en.pdf
  • ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/ist/docs/ict-ent-net/isg-report-4-0-erratum_en.pdf
  • ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/ist/docs/ict-ent-net/isg-report-4-0-erratum_en.pdf
  • http://folk.uio.no/dags/artikler/transparent.html
  • http://folk.uio.no/dags/artikler/transparent.html
  • http://folk.uio.no/dags/artikler/transparent.html
  • http://www.nrk.no/maktbasen/index.php?munId=301
  • http://www.nrk.no/maktbasen/map.php?repIdL=427893&lang=no
  • http://www.yr.no/verdata/
  • Desktop-applikasjonen ”Google Earth” viser hvordan informasjon fra mange kilder og mange ulike bidragsytere kan samles omkring kartposisjoner og presenteres på en attraktiv og brukervennlig måte. Informasjonen framstår som lagdelt, og filtreres av brukeren etter behov. Brukeren kan også selv legge til informasjon i egne lag.
  • Såkalte ”mashups” er lagvise sammenstillinger av informasjon på web. Også her har mange av sammenstillingene vært basert på kartposisjoner, med utgangspunkt i for eksempel Google Maps . Det amerikanske postvesenet tilbyr en tjeneste som konverterer gateadresser til kartposisjoner, og dette var forutsetningen for nettjenesten i eksempelet over < http://www.housingmaps.com> , der rubrikkannonser fra Craigslist sammenstilles og presenteres geografisk. URLer kan tjene som ”knagger” for liknende sammenstillinger. Se for eksempel . Mange andre mashup-eksempler:
  • Digitale karttjenester kan også vise hvordan lagene kan presenteres og navigeres i, og hvordan en posisjon kan fungere som ”springbrett” til relatert informasjon. Karttjenestene integrerer store mengder kunnskap, men viser likevel at det er mulig å lage attraktive og brukervennlige grensesnitt for abstrakte konsepter som skifte av perspektiv og navigasjon langs ulike dimensjoner. De har også etablert visuelle konsepter for å ”hoppe opp” fra et informasjonslag til et kunnskapslag, som for eksempel er relevant for emnekartbaserte tjenester.
  • http://www.plasticbag.org/files/native/
  • http://www.plasticbag.org/files/native/
  • http://technorati.com/tag/topicmaps
  • Sentrale tjenester for et verdinettverk (mediator) for innholdsprodusenter
  • http://www.sxc.hu/photo/281651 Bloggersfærens mediatortjenester – eksempel på infrastrukturer for deling – allmenninger…! Verdinettverk gir minst verdi for kundene i starten – når de krever mest investering… ROI-antakelser kan bare baseres på sannsynlighet! Bør offentlige allmenninger subsidieres for å komme i gang?
  • Utdrag fra røff konseptskisse for en tenkt ”NRK-allmenning”, et uformelt forslag der Wikipedia-artikler og –kategorier er tenkt benyttet som delt temastruktur, og innhold ”tagges” med ”autocomplete” mot bl.a. Wikipedia-tema
  • http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/tm-pubsubj/
  • http://www.statped.no/nyUpload/33046/Kunnskapsstrommer_off.ppt
  • (photo: http://www.stockxpert.com/browse.phtml?f=view&id=842344) On the need for ”bottom up” subject indication and identification
  • http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/download.php/3050/pubsubj-pt1-1.02-cs.pdf
  • http://www.oasis-open.org/committees/download.php/3050/pubsubj-pt1-1.02-cs.pdf
  • http://mqlx.com/~david/parallax/
  • http://mqlx.com/~david/parallax/browse.html?id=%2Fen%2Fhillary_rodham_clinton&label=Hillary%20Rodham%20Clinton
  • http://mqlx.com/~david/parallax/browse.html?id=%2Fen%2Fhillary_rodham_clinton&label=Hillary%20Rodham%20Clinton
  • “ Chart 2D” fra http://mqlx.com/~david/parallax/browse.html?id=%2Fen%2Fhillary_rodham_clinton&label=Hillary%20Rodham%20Clinton, med embed-kode:
  • http://mqlx.com/~david/parallax/browse.html?id=%2Fen%2Fhillary_rodham_clinton&label=Hillary%20Rodham%20Clinton (”as thumbnails”)
  • http://mqlx.com/~david/parallax/browse.html?id=%2Fen%2Fhillary_rodham_clinton&label=Hillary%20Rodham%20Clinton
  • http://mqlx.com/~david/parallax/browse.html?id=%2Fen%2Fhillary_rodham_clinton&label=Hillary%20Rodham%20Clinton
  • Bygger på fig. 2 i artikkelen “Designing the Smart-Data Enterprise - Get prepared for the 10 ways that semantic computing will impact enterprise IT” av Michael C. Daconta: http://web-services.gov/Designing%20the%20Smart-Data%20Enterprise.doc
  • BEA Confidential http://www.slideshare.net/StuC/oopsla-2007-the-web-distributed-objects-realized

Deling av data: ”Tenke det, ønske det, ville det med, men gjøre det...?” Deling av data: ”Tenke det, ønske det, ville det med, men gjøre det...?” Presentation Transcript

  • Deling av data: ”Tenke det, ønske det, ville det med, men gjøre det...?” Stian Danenbarger <stian@bouvet.no> for Forum for store offentlige nettsteder, 2009-06-09
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  • http://www.data.gov/about : “ A primary goal of Data.gov is to improve access to Federal data and expand creative use of those data beyond the walls of government by encouraging innovative ideas (e.g., web applications). Data.gov strives to make government more transparent and is committed to creating an unprecedented level of openness in Government. The openness derived from Data.gov will strengthen our Nation's democracy and promote efficiency and effectiveness in Government.”
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    • 30 dager...
    • 47 nye anvendbare tjenester...
    • Totalkostnad USD 50k (20k i premier)
    • Estimert ROI på 4000 % (!)
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  • “ A hierarchy of database journalism” Level 1: Data delivery Level 2: Data search Level 3: Data exploration Level 4: Data visualization Level 5: Data experiences and storytelling Level of ambition Basert på Rich Gordon: “ Data as journalism, journalism as data” (2007) &quot;If we can find enough of these things that intersect with the lives of our readers, I think we will be all right.“ − Dennis Ryerson, Editor, “the Indianapolis Star”
    • “ It’s time to switch to a data-centric approach, in which usable data is accessible to all sorts of applications and devices, automatically.”
      • “ The first, and most important, step is to structure data, in formats such as XML or KML, that will allow the data to be identified and read by both programs and devices.”
      • “ Equally important, the data must be syndicated, in streams such as RSS or Atom where it will be automatically delivered without any additional effort on users’ part.”
    • “ Curiously, although a growing range of government agencies release public data streams, almost none provide them to their own workforces, to give workers actionable data precisely when and where they need it, to do their work more efficiently.”
    • ” Democratizing Data ” (O’Reilly Media, kommer juli 2009)
    W. David Stephenson
  • W. David Stephenson
    • “ The potential benefits of democratizing data are many, and varied:
      • more informed policy debate, grounded in fact, rather than rhetoric
      • consensus building
      • better legislation
      • greater transparency and less corruption: greater accountability
      • optimizing program efficiency and reducing costs:
      • new perspectives, especially when “the wisdom of crowds” emerges.
    • Who would have believed that dry data […] could become the engine to involve the public in governmental transformation!”
    • ” Democratizing Data ” (O’Reilly Media, kommer juli 2009)
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  • ” Tjenestetrappa”
  • Hvordan blir handlingsplanene fulgt opp? Semicolon
    • De årlige tildelingsbrevene fra det enkelte fagdepartement til underliggende etater definerer hvilke oppgaver etatene skal utføre gjennom det kommende året. Disse har lite eller ingen fokus på samhandling med andre etater .
    • “ Siloene” går hele veien fra departement og ned til operativ etat.
    Regjeringens samhandlingsstrategier blir ikke fulgt opp av departementene !!
  • ftp://ftp.cordis.europa.eu/pub/ist/docs/ict-ent-net/isg-report-4-0-erratum_en.pdf
    • “ So far, the deployment of EI has been based strongly on a combination of the following two objectives:
    • Objective 1 : Supporting a “big bang” transition to a more efficient, enterprise-wide “best way” of working. This seeks to make sure that the enterprise remains competitive under changing market conditions. This new best way of working is defined by a relatively small group of dedicated expert analysts (industrial engineers, business engineers, information analysts etc.) and implemented and maintained top-down.
    • Objective 2 : Once the major change related to Objective 1 is completed and the new way of working has become business as usual, exploiting the predicted gains in efficiency as much and as long as possible in order to secure a proper return on the investment made during the initial big bang change process.”
    • Objective 3 : EI should stimulate value creation based on innovation and co-creation in a context of networked enterprises that is very much defined bottom-up, by creative, committed workers.
    • According to this perspective, EI helps “reflective practitioners” to manage their work, their responsibilities, the key knowledge they possess, and their relations to the work and knowledge of others (inside and outside their own enterprise). Unlike the traditional approach, this support is not driven top-down and purely enterprise centric, but allows a much more individual and subjective approach that leverages personal creativity and initiative.
    • While traditionally individuals were supposed to adjust to “the system”, now the situation is reversed: the system is much more
    • about supporting the individuals.”
    • “ If we let the computer do the job and stop worrying about the operations executed inside the black box, this may imply an ever-greater decrease in our knowledge and insight on how the public sector in society works with regard, for example, to distribution and re-distribution of money between the different layers in the community. Moreover, we will be more and more helpless if we try to examine the correctness of government decisions concerning our lives and welfare. Such a situation would affect the very relationship between government and its' citizens in a democratic society under the rule of law, namely, the capability of citizens to participate in the decision-making and control of dispositions by government authorities. The many at the bottom may have greater problems than before in controlling the few at the top.”
    “ Transparent computer systems - transparent government“, D. W. Schartum (1995)
    • “ Computer systems in public administration, containing legal rules, should not, in other words, primarily be seen as the exclusive tool of the administration, but instead be regarded as a common vehicle for various actors of society. Citizens, the decision-making authority, special control authorities, members of Parliament, business and trade unions are among the actors that should gain by such access. Furthermore, these systems should be adjusted and supplemented in order to facilitate the special needs of the different groups of users. What I picture is, in other words, publicly accessible computer systems with many faces, but with a common core of legal norms represented in the computer programmes. […] Our society is not based on freedom and justice because this is the most cost-efficient way to construct a society”
    “ Transparent computer systems - transparent government“, D. W. Schartum (1995)
    • “ […] regardless of what may be regarded as a true service-orientation, we should avoid employing computerized systems in a way that reduces the number of citizens who are actively participating in legal decision-making processes, concerning him- or herself, and in democratic debates. […] Here, when I talk about transparency, I am not primarily thinking of the insight represented by thin layers of pleasant simplifications, in the shape of glossy brochures. Instead, I wish to give attention to the problem of communicating knowledge concerning the very bedrock of legal and administrative complexity. “
    “ Transparent computer systems - transparent government“, D. W. Schartum (1995)
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  • Karttjeneste: Lag på lag
  • Web: Lag på lag http://www.housingmaps.com/
  • Lag på lag av kunnskap…
    • Data is &quot;evergreen&quot; content. Its value to users does not end after 24 hours.
    • Data can be personal. What's more relevant to someone than, say, reported crimes in their neighborhood, or nearby property assessments?
    • Data can best be delivered in a medium without space constraints. The most valuable databases (say, property assessments or state employee salaries) contain too much information to publish in print. And even when print publishing is practical (say, listing real estate transactions in zoned editions), the data will be much more valuable if they are accessible and searchable at the user's convenience.
    • Data takes advantage of the way people actually use the Web. It's a medium for active behavior -- for instance, research and interaction -- not passive activity like reading or viewing.
    • Data, once gathered, can be excerpted in print. Once you've done the work of acquiring, formatting and enabling online access to data, it is easy to pull information from the database for traditional publications
  • Tom Coates, Yahoo: ” The web as it was ”…
  • Tom Coates, Yahoo: ” Web of the future ?”
  •  
  • Indeks
    • Finne
    • Sammenstille
    • Dele
    • Tilgjengeliggjøre
    ” Abonnere på et søk!” Atom/RSS (inkl. podcasts) SMS/MMS IM/XMPP Epost Kalendersynk. … PRODUSENT KONSUMENT MEDIATOR
  • Allmenning
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  • “ Tags are cheap” Hvordan kan jeg vite hvilken Bouvet jeg aggregerer data om? Hvordan kan jeg si hvilken Bouvet jeg mener? PRODUCER CONSUMER
  • http://no.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bouvet_(selskap)
  • Bo uvet (selskap) Joachim Bouvet Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier Bouvetøya
  • allmenningen festivalen
  • Samhandling krever delte referanser
    • Gjelder ikke bare entiteter – også relasjoner og føringer
    • Eksempel:
      • Skole, skoleeier, skoleleder – og relasjonen mellom disse
      • Person, arbeidsgiver, lønn – og relasjonen mellom disse
  • Prinsippskisse: Delte definisjoner og strukturer Bruk Definisjon Beskrivelse
  • ” Person” ” Mother ” ” This” ” That” ” Harry Potter” ” Parent of” ” Person” ” Person” ” Marriage” ” Father of” ” Person” ” Person” ” Daughter of”
  • OASIS TC: Published Subjects - Requirements
    • A Published Subject Identifier must be a URI
    • A Published Subject Identifier must resolve to an human-interpretable Published Subject Indicator
    • A Published Subject Indicator must explicitly state the unique URI that is to be used as its Published Subject Identifier
    Source: OASIS Published Subjects Technical Committee Recommendation, 2003-06-24
  • OASIS TC: Published Subjects - Recommendations
    • A Published Subject Indicator should provide human-readable metadata about itself
    • A Published Subject Indicator may provide machine-processable metadata about itself
    • Metadata defined in Recommendations 1 and 2 should be consistent, but need not necessarily be equivalent
    • A Published Subject Indicator should indicate that it is intended to be used as a PSI
    • A Published Subject Indicator should identify its publisher
    Source: OASIS Published Subjects Technical Committee Recommendation, 2003-06-24
  • ” Onto…hvaffornoe?” Kontrakt Verdi Format Aksess Skjema Lagring, spørring Ontologi Aggregering, sammenstilling, tolkning
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  • Skiftende paradigmer – tydelig tendens Prosedyre-orientert Fokus: Syntaks Data: Internt i applikasjoner Objekt-orientert Fokus: Struktur Data: Databaser med proprietære skjema, tekst Komponent-basert Fokus: Tjenester Data: XML, åpne skjema, namespaces Modelldrevet Fokus: ”Runtime”-dynamikk Data: Identifikatorer, selvbeskrivende, uniform aksess 1995 1975 2005 2015 1985 1965
  • ” Verdens mest undervurderte distribuerte arkitektur”? Foundation Internet Protocol Foundation Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) Security & Authentication Management & Caching BGP Application Protocol Standards ARP DNS IP TCP Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Media Types HTML XML RSS / Atom URI/IRI Unicode JavaScript Images Video JSON Form data Interoperability Crawlers User Agents Semantic Web Microformats Web Sites Resource-Oriented System Interfaces Content Syndication
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  • Veien videre...?
    • Jon Udell: “ Hacking the Noosphere ” (2008), http://jonudell.net/talks/cusec/cusec.html
    • Rich Gordon: “ Data as journalism, journalism as data ” (2007), http://www.readership.org/blog2/2007/11/data-as-journalism-journalism-as-data.html
    • Kurt Cagle: &quot; eGov Watch: The Importance of Data.Gov “ (2009), http://broadcast.oreilly.com/2009/03/egov-watch-the-importance-of-d.html
    • Frank DiGiammarino: ” Breaking the Failure Cycle ” (2009), http://www.scribd.com/doc/12699091/Breaking-the-Failure-Cycle
    • Michael Daconta: ” Information As Product ” (2007), http://outskirtspress.com/webpage.php?ISBN=978-1-4327-1654-7
    • Dag Wiese Schartum: “ Transparent computer systems - transparent government ” (1995), http://folk.uio.no/dags/artikler/transparent.html
    • Stian Danenbarger: ” Kunnskapsstrømmer ” (2005), http://www.statped.no/nyUpload/33046/Kunnskapsstrommer_off.ppt