Judaism Comunicación y Gerencia Founder and Origin By Susanna Piasecki, Michael Kostritsyn Cole Jones
<ul><li>Judaism – named after tribe of Judah </li></ul><ul><li>Jew – shortned form of Judean – member of tribe of Judah </li></ul><ul><li>Jehovah – God of the Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Hebrew – originally Habiru – “they who crossed over” reffered to people who crossed the desert and were respected – now the language of the Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Scriptures – the sacred books of Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>Torah – the laws of Moses, first 5 books of Ta-Na-Kh </li></ul>Important Terms
Introduction Judaism began before history in the eastern Mediterranean was even written. Judaism was founded by Abraham around 1750 B.C.E. Although Abraham is seen as the founder of Judaism, his grandson Jacob, who’s name changed to Israel, was the father of 12 children who became known as the “children of Israel”, or Israelites. Much later, they came to be known as the Jewish people. So Jacob was the great, great, great, grandfather of each and every Jew.
Who is a Jew? <ul><li>Traditionally, a Jew is anyone who’s mother is a Jew </li></ul><ul><li>You can also be a Jew by conversion </li></ul><ul><li>A conversion ceremony is really just an “adoption” into the family of Abraham and Sarah </li></ul><ul><li>The Ancient Israelites’ was passed on by the mother instead of the father because you are always sure who the mother is </li></ul>
Abraham <ul><li>The father of the “Jewish people”, was Abraham. </li></ul><ul><li>He was the first person who entered into a convenant, or contract with God </li></ul><ul><li>He was willing to sacrifice his only son with Sarah, if God told him to. But it turned out that God did not want him to sacrifice his son and sent a ram instead. The respect for God’s wishes sealed the convenant. </li></ul><ul><li>Abraham was the first Patriarch which means “male power figure”. Matriarch means “female power figure”, this is where Ma and Pa came from. </li></ul>
The story of Moses When Moses was born, Israelites were slaves of Egypt. One day he saw a slave master beating a Hebrew, and Moses struck him in anger. He knew that the punishment was death, so he fled into the forest. There he saw a bush that was burned by fire, but not destroyed. When he took a closer look, God spoke to him. God told him to go back to Egypt, and lead his people out of slavery. Moses went back to Egypt to tell the Pharoah, but the Pharoah ignored him.
In anger God punished Egypt by sending plagues, turning drinking water into blood, 3 days of darkness, and finally killing all newborns. The Pharoah’s son was killed that night and the next day, the Pharoah called Moses, and told him to take his people and his cattle and to leave Egypt. Moses led them into the desert for 40 years. When they arrived at Mt. Sinai, God spoke to the Israelite’s and gave them the 10 commandments.
<ul><li>They use B.C.E ( before common era) and not B.C. (before Christ), or A.D. (Anno Domini), which means in the year of the Lorn, because Jews do not believe Jesus was Christ, or the son of God. </li></ul><ul><li>The Jewish calendar is different because they chose to make the beginning of their calendar creation. </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism is the mother religon to both Christianity and Islam </li></ul>Random Facts about Judaism
What are the Beliefs ofJudisam? Judaism is one of the oldest religions still existing today. Judaism has a very formal set of beliefs that one must hold to be a Jew. Jews share a core of Monotheism principles (Believe in one God) and that he is the powerful and all knowing, and that at the end God will send down a messiah to redeem the Jews. The everyday belief for Jews is concentrated in their written scriptures. The Tanakh and the Talmud are the main holy books in Judaism. The Tanakh contains the Torah (five books of Moses), the prophets, and the Ketuvim ("writings"). Judaism's oral law is contained in the Mishnah, Tosefta, classical midrashim and the two Talmuds.
<ul><li>The mainstream Jewish view is that God will reward those who observe His commandments and punish those who intentionally transgress them. </li></ul><ul><li>once one learned Torah properly, one could then learn the higher truths </li></ul><ul><li>one can attain closeness to God even in this world through moral and spiritual perfection. </li></ul><ul><li>As a matter of practice Orthodox Judaism lays stress on the performance of the actual commandments. </li></ul>Beliefs of the Law
Jewish intersting beliefs facts <ul><li>Have 613 commandments from god, but The Ten Commandments are the most important. </li></ul><ul><li>Moses is one of the Prhopets they Believe in </li></ul><ul><li>Judisam dosen`t accept the New testament. </li></ul><ul><li>Jews believe that god made a covenant as a promise to the people that he will save the ones that believe in him. </li></ul>
Judaism has many symbols and ancient architecture, that has changed the face of Judaism. Some of those amazing architecture and symbols are the Star of David which is a universal symbol of Judaism, The Western Wall , and the many synagogues around the world. The first most famous Jewish piece of architecture is the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem. Jewish architecture started while the Roman empire reined over Europe. The Jewish symbols and architecture has been around for thousands of years and is still looking like it will be around for years to come. Introduction
<ul><li>The Star of David is the universal symbol of Judaism </li></ul><ul><li>The Star of David appears on synagogues , the state flag of Israel, and Jewish ritaul objects </li></ul><ul><li>The star is made of two triangles </li></ul><ul><li>Appeared early as the 960’s BC </li></ul><ul><li>During the Holocaust all Jewish people had </li></ul><ul><li>to wear the Star of David on their arm to show that they were Jewish </li></ul><ul><li>The Hebrew term for the Star of David is </li></ul><ul><li>Magen David </li></ul>Star of David
Western Wall <ul><li>The wall is located in the holy city of Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>160 feet in length and 40 feet in height </li></ul><ul><li>There is 19 rows of stones extended 20 feet under ground </li></ul><ul><li>Jewish people travel to the wall to pray </li></ul><ul><li>Once protected and enclosed the second temple </li></ul>
Synagogues <ul><li>Orignally a place where 10 men can go and worship and study </li></ul><ul><li>Most Jewish rituals take place in synagogues </li></ul><ul><li>The Congregation Schara Tzedeck is the largest synagogue in Vancouver it is located on Oak street in downtown Vancouver </li></ul><ul><li>The Rabbi is the one who is in charge of the synagogue and teaches Judaism </li></ul>
<ul><li>It is the oldest symbol of the Jewish faith </li></ul><ul><li>The Menorah has 7 branches to symbolize the 7 days of Hanukah </li></ul><ul><li>The Menorah is said to be the symbol of Israel and our mission to be “a light unto the nations” </li></ul><ul><li>The lamp stands today in all synagogues around the world </li></ul><ul><li>There is also 9 branched Menorahs </li></ul><ul><li>used for Hanukah, it celebrates the </li></ul><ul><li>miracle that a days worth </li></ul><ul><li>of oil can last 8 days </li></ul>Menorah
Works Cited <ul><li>Barron, Sharon. Moses and Judaism (Great Religious Leaders) . North Mankato: Smart Apple Media, 2002. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>"Basic Beliefs of Judaism." About Judaism . Web. 18 Jan. 2010. <http://judaism.about.com/od/abcsofjudaism/a/beliefsbasic.htm>. </li></ul><ul><li>"Basic Beliefs of Judaism." Minnesota State University, Mankato . Web. 18 Jan. 2010. <http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/religion/judaism/beliefs.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>Bentley, Sid. Judisam . Vol. 5. Coquitlam: Bentley West, 1983. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Fine, Doreen. What do we know about Judaism? Macdonald Young, 1995. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Lawton, Clive. Celebrating Jewry (Celebrations) . New York: Young Library, 1995. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Penney, Sue. Judisam: Discovering Religons . Austin, Texas: Raintree steck- vaughn, 1997. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>World Book . Web. 18 Jan. 2010. <http://worldbookonline.com/student/article?id=ar529700&st=judaism>. </li></ul>
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