Introduction Judaism began before history in the eastern Mediterranean was even written. Judaism was founded by Abraham around 1750 B.C.E. Although Abraham is seen as the founder of Judaism, his grandson Jacob, who’s name changed to Israel, was the father of 12 children who became known as the “children of Israel”, or Israelites. Much later, they came to be known as the Jewish people. So Jacob was the great, great, great, grandfather of each and every Jew.
He was the first person who entered into a convenant, or contract with God
He was willing to sacrifice his only son with Sarah, if God told him to. But it turned out that God did not want him to sacrifice his son and sent a ram instead. The respect for God’s wishes sealed the convenant.
Abraham was the first Patriarch which means “male power figure”. Matriarch means “female power figure”, this is where Ma and Pa came from.
The story of Moses When Moses was born, Israelites were slaves of Egypt. One day he saw a slave master beating a Hebrew, and Moses struck him in anger. He knew that the punishment was death, so he fled into the forest. There he saw a bush that was burned by fire, but not destroyed. When he took a closer look, God spoke to him. God told him to go back to Egypt, and lead his people out of slavery. Moses went back to Egypt to tell the Pharoah, but the Pharoah ignored him.
In anger God punished Egypt by sending plagues, turning drinking water into blood, 3 days of darkness, and finally killing all newborns. The Pharoah’s son was killed that night and the next day, the Pharoah called Moses, and told him to take his people and his cattle and to leave Egypt. Moses led them into the desert for 40 years. When they arrived at Mt. Sinai, God spoke to the Israelite’s and gave them the 10 commandments.
What are the Beliefs ofJudisam? Judaism is one of the oldest religions still existing today. Judaism has a very formal set of beliefs that one must hold to be a Jew. Jews share a core of Monotheism principles (Believe in one God) and that he is the powerful and all knowing, and that at the end God will send down a messiah to redeem the Jews. The everyday belief for Jews is concentrated in their written scriptures. The Tanakh and the Talmud are the main holy books in Judaism. The Tanakh contains the Torah (five books of Moses), the prophets, and the Ketuvim ("writings"). Judaism's oral law is contained in the Mishnah, Tosefta, classical midrashim and the two Talmuds.
Judaism has many symbols and ancient architecture, that has changed the face of Judaism. Some of those amazing architecture and symbols are the Star of David which is a universal symbol of Judaism, The Western Wall , and the many synagogues around the world. The first most famous Jewish piece of architecture is the Temple of Solomon in Jerusalem. Jewish architecture started while the Roman empire reined over Europe. The Jewish symbols and architecture has been around for thousands of years and is still looking like it will be around for years to come. Introduction