Islam Div. 2


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  • The presentation is not an accurate description of Islam and its tenets. It contains many fallacies. The imaginary picture of Prophet Muhammad is fictitious. The history is also distorted.
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Islam Div. 2

  1. 1. Islam By Jordan Lively, Monty Dionisio, Spencer Woods, Warren Dupasquier, Erica Johnston, Emily King, Admir Hajdarevic
  2. 2. Islam Beliefs By Jordan Lively
  3. 3. <ul><li>Muslims believe Allah (God) made the world. Allah is believed to be all powerful and all seeing, he will judge everyone, sending them to Heaven or Hell depending on their deeds. </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims also believe in submitting to God’s will, they believe they must not drink alcohol, gamble, lend money for interest, eat pork, and must be willing to fight for their faith. Muslims are also supposed to be honest, just, generous and kind. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Pillars of Faith <ul><li>There are five Pillars of Faith, Shahadah, Salat, Zakat, Siyam, and Hajj. The first Pillar is reciting the sentence “I witness that there is no other god, only Allah, and that Muhammad is the prophet of Allah” this simple act, spoken sincerely and in public can make anyone a Muslim or follower of Islam. The second pillar is Salat or to worship Allah five times a day. The third pillar of faith is Zakat which is the duty to give money to the needy. The fourth pillar is Siyam which is the duty to fast during Ramadan. The fifth pillar is the duty to at least once in a Muslims life time they must make a pilgrimage to Mecca. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Qur’an <ul><li>The Qur’an literally means the recitation, the is Qur’an is believed to be the word of God therefore the Qur’an is perfect because it is the last word from God. There are one-hundred fourteen suras in the Qur’an organized from the longest suras to the shortest suras. These are not in order of when they were reveiled to Muhhamad. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Rituals of Islam By Emily King
  7. 7. Introductory Paragraph <ul><li>Today the Islam faith has one thousand million followers in many places around the world. This makes it the second largest religion in the planet. Rituals and festivals are a big part of Islam faith. They mark the beginning and end of many important moments in their history. They have many rituals such as the Salat, ‘Id al-Fitr, and Ramadan. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Salat <ul><li>Muslims worship their god Allah by praying five times every day. </li></ul><ul><li>They pray in a Muslim holy building called a mosque. </li></ul><ul><li>Mosques have a minaret or tall tower. </li></ul><ul><li>In some places they have a man on the minaret to call people to come and pray. </li></ul><ul><li>When you go into a mosque you must take off your shoes as a sign of respect. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Ramadan <ul><li>Ramadan is a month of fasting. </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims do not eat or drink during the day. </li></ul><ul><li>People who are sick, elderly, or weak are excused from Ramadan. </li></ul><ul><li>Every Muslim over the age of twelve must participate in Ramadan. </li></ul><ul><li>The meal taken before dawn is called suhur </li></ul><ul><li>The evening meal is called iftar </li></ul><ul><li>During Ramadan people study the Qur’an </li></ul><ul><li>In the month of Ramadan Muhammad was visited by the Angel Gabriel </li></ul>
  10. 10. ‘ Id-al-fitr <ul><li>‘ Id-al-Fitr means the 'festival of breaking the fast‘. </li></ul><ul><li>Ramadan is ended with special prayers and celebrations called ‘Id-al-Fitr. </li></ul><ul><li>In the morning Muslims will take a bath, put on clean or new clothes, eat dates, and then go to the mosque to pray. </li></ul><ul><li>Men wear white clothes because white symbolizes purity </li></ul><ul><li>Muslims will give each other gifts on this day </li></ul><ul><li>According to the Quran, Allah has intended a donation for every Muslim who is free and is in ownership of donation worthy resources </li></ul><ul><li>To a devoted Muslim, Id is a time to forget all past misfortune. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Prophet of Allah and the Founder of Islam By Monty Dionisio DIV. 2 Muhammad
  12. 12. <ul><li>Islam in the second largest religion in the world. Muhammad was one of them most important people for the founding of the Religion of Islam. He was born in Mecca in 570 AD. He would work mostly as a Merchant. He would gain a few followers and was known as hostile from some people from Mecca so he moved to Medina where he would be the leader of the first Muslim Community. Muhammad would also create an Army to attack Mecca. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Muhammad was born in 570 AD in Mecca </li></ul><ul><li>His parents both died so his parents family would raise him, he would live in the Desert with them </li></ul><ul><li>He was employed by a Rich widow named Khadijah who was impressed by his skill of bringing her goods to Syria and thru the Camel Trade </li></ul><ul><li>He Married Khadijah and this gave Muhammad financial security </li></ul><ul><li>He Began to visit the mountains outside Mecca to be alone and think, It was here in 610 that the Angel Gabriel appeared to him and told him to “recite” </li></ul><ul><li>He then on preached that there was only one God Allah and that after death believers would be rewarded in Paradise and non believers would burn in hell </li></ul><ul><li>All the Messages that Muhammad would receive would all be complied together in Islam’s holy book the Qu’ran </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>He preached that everyone was equal so this annoyed the rich because of the thought of being normally equal to the poor, so Muhammad was met with hostility and he forced to move out of Mecca and move to Medina where he would lead one of the first Muslim communities </li></ul><ul><li>Because the Meccans would not believe in Islam Muhammad would organize raids attacked them, he captured Mecca and destroyed all the images of the Gods in the Kaaba, which was claimed to have been built by the prophet Abraham and today Mecca stands as Islam’s holiest city </li></ul><ul><li>The Muslim victory convinved the Arab world that their old god’s were powerless </li></ul><ul><li>He would die in 632 </li></ul>
  15. 15. Islam’s map’s By Spencer Woods
  16. 16. Introduction <ul><li> The Islam religion started 1,400 years ago in Medina and then went to Mecca and from there it moved on to other city’s. Muhammad was the founder of the Islam religion. He went to Mecca and taught them the religion and they didn’t want the religion, so he went to Medina. The Islam religion started to spread to the middle east and all around the world. It is the second largest Religion in the world next to Christianity. </li></ul>
  17. 17. The spread of the Islam religion <ul><li>When Mecca accepted the religion it started to spread. The Islam religion started to extend to these places: Syria, Palestine, Iraq, Armenia, Egypt, Iran, northern Africa, southern Spain and Afghanistan. It also went to the borders of western China and India. </li></ul><ul><li> Mecca </li></ul>
  18. 18. Main city for Islam religion <ul><li>Mecca is the center of the Islamic world, the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad and the religion he founded. People walk for miles to go to Mecca so they can worship. The people stay there almost all day to pray and worship God around the black cube in Mecca. When Adam and Eve lived on this earth, a black rock fell from the sky from God. The black cube was made from this rock. Mecca is the holy place for the Islam religion and were the black cube is kept. </li></ul><ul><li> Mecca </li></ul>
  19. 19. Was the first city to hold the religion <ul><li>Medina was the first city to have the Islam religion. Muhammad went to Mecca and taught them the religion, but they didn’t accept him and the religion so he went to Medina to teach them the Islam religion. They built a mosque to pray and worship God in. Medina is the second holy city for Islam religion. When Muhammad died he was buried in Medina. </li></ul><ul><li>Medina </li></ul><ul><li>Mecca </li></ul>
  20. 20. Islam’s symbols and architecture By Warren Dupasquier
  21. 21. Intro <ul><li>Islam is a religion that has thrived for thousands of years and has inhabitants in every country in the world. It almost automatically comes along that all great religions have a symbol to signify their religion (crescent moon and star) and many works of absolutely stunning architecture. These people were very powerful, and maybe if you pay attention you’ll find out something interesting that you never knew before. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Mosques <ul><li>Mosques have no specific design for how they’re built. The grandeur of a mosque will vary depending on where it is built. If building supplies are difficult to reach, they will be smaller and more humble. Whereas if it’s in a city, it will usually be very large and grand. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Features of a Mosque <ul><li>The one thing every mosque has is something called a Mihrab, which points in the direction of Mecca, and which way people should face when praying. </li></ul><ul><li>Another common feature is a minaret, a high tower from which people are called to prayer. </li></ul><ul><li>Many mosques are extremely large and can contain thousands of people inside them. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Other Things you should know <ul><li>The Islamic people do not paint animals or creatures on their architecture because Muhammad was upset with the previous religion because it had many gods and idols, so was causing corruption </li></ul>
  25. 25. A timeline through history………. BY: Admir
  26. 26. Timeline… AD570-632 T he life of Muhammad AD 545 Muhammad marries a Khadijah a wealthy widow AD 610 Muhammad gets a vision of Jibral in a cave on Mt.Hira AD610 Islam is founded by the prophet Muhammad AD 619 Muhammad’s night journey with Jibral ( a angel) to Jerusalem AD622 Muhammad hijra (migrates) AD610-622 Muhammad preaches in Mecca AD 632-642 Muslim armies take the Fertile Crescent (Egypt, Syria, Palestine, Mesopotamia), North African coast, parts of Persian and Byzantine Empires AD650 Caliph Uthman writes the Qur'an down AD 650 Uthman is murdered, Ali becomes fourth caliph AD 656 Ali is murdered; Mu'awiya becomes the caliph Late 600’s ruling classes in east and west Africa. 710 Arab armies enter Spain from North Africa Late 900’s West Africa begins to convert to Islam 1099 Christian Crusaders take Jerusalem
  27. 27. 1779 Afghans ousted by Qajar dynasty, which rules Persia until 1925 1400’s Islam reaches the Philippines 1516 Ottomans conquer Syria and Egypt 1738 Mughal empire invaded by the Afghans 1882-1952 Egypt occupied by the British 1947 Pakistan founded as an Islamic nation. Islam becomes a minority religion in India
  28. 28. Work Cited <ul><li>Gordon, Matthew. Islam . New York, NY: Facts on File, 1991. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Cooper, J. Muslim Festivals (Celebrations) . London: Wayland Pub Ltd, 1990. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Penney, Sue. Islam. Austin, Tex: Raintree Steck-Vaughn, 1997. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Tames, Richard. The Muslim World. London: Macdonald & Company, 1982. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Chrisp, Peter. Rise of Islam (Themes in History). London: Hodder Wayland, 1991. Print </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>’ </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>