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  • 1. Islam
    By: Medina, Jasmine, Dominique, Tim, Diogo, and Sam
  • 2. Islam Rituals
    By: Diogo Gimenes
  • 3. Introduction
    Muslims perform many rituals to honor and show their faith to Allah. They have the Five Pillars, which are their duties, they have festivals celebrating religious events, and their lifestyle is based on the Qur’ an (word of god).
  • 4. The 5 Pillars
    They are the 5 duties all Muslims must do
    1st pillar – The Shahadah (profession of faith)
    Anyone can become Muslim once they profess their faith to Allah
    2nd pillar – The requirement to pray 5 times a day
    The prayers are said in Arab, and can be said in any clean place
    3rd pillar – The act of giving each year a some of your wealth to the needy
    4th pillar – Muslims must fast during the Ramadan
    5th pillar – Hajj - All Muslims must make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in their lifetime
  • 5. Pilgrimage to Mecca
    All must pray facing the direction of Mecca, birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad
    It is important to know the gibla (direction of prayer) so mosques always have a special arch called the Mihrab with show gibla
    Once in his/her lifetime, a Muslim must initiate the hajj
    Males all wear the same seamless sheets of white cotton
    They must look alike because they all are alike in the sight of God
  • 6. The Month of Ramadan
    Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar
    Muslim fast everyday of the Ramadan from dawn to sunset
    When fasting, they can’t eat, drink, or smoke
    Ramadan teaches Muslims to value the good things Allah has provided and remember the sufferings of the poor
    After the month of Ramadan comes the festival of Eid- ul-Fitr
    People wear their best clothes and go to the mosque to pray together
  • 7. Islam - Beliefs
    By Medina Ebrahimi
  • 8. Islam is one of the largest religions in the world. Many things are very important to muslims and their religion. But one of the main things are their beliefs.
  • 9. Muslims believe in one god and none others. They call this god Allah.
    Muslims believe that Allah sent the holy book (the Qur’an) to the angel Gabriel who then gave it to the last prophet, Mohammad. Mohammad then taught people how to be a good Muslim.
    Muslims also believe that without Allah’s guidance humans are not fully able to understand the meaning and purpose of life.
  • 10. Muslims believe on the day of judgement they will be asked to account for their actions in this life, which the angles have recorded. If they have done good things they will go to heaven ‘janat’, and if they had done things that are bad they would go to hell ‘dozakh’.
    Muslims do believe in life after death just like a few other religions.
  • 11. Muslims believe that there are many prophets (messengers) sent by god. Some brought holy books such as the bible, torah, Qur’an and some other. Some of the prophets are…
    Dawud – David
    Jibril – The Angel Gabriel
    Musa – Moses
    Isa – Jesus
    Ibrahim – Abraham
    Nuh – Noah
    Adam – Adam
    Isma’il – ishmael
    Yaqub – Jacob
    Yusuf - Joseph
  • 12. Biography of Islam
    By: Dominique Evans
  • 13. there are many interesting things about the Islamic religion, but one opf the most important topics is the founder and origin of Islam.
  • 14. The founder of Islam
    The prophet Muhammad
    He was Born 570 CE
    He Died 632 CE
    He was Born in the city of Mecca
    He was a messenger sent from Allah (God)
    He was Allahs most important prophet
  • 15. Where Islam originated
    Islam started in Mecca and Medina
    in the middle east
    Islam spread to places like; Arabia, Asia, and Egypt.
    Then continued to expand
    Then Muslims were almost every country
  • 16. The five pillars of Islam
    Shahadah- the Muslim statement of faith
    Salah- the prayers that Muslims say five times a day
    Charity school, Oman- every Muslim must donate one fortieth of their annual income to charities
    Sawm- during the month of Ramadan Muslims do not eat or drink during the daylight hours (fasting). They celebrate the end with a festival called id-ul-fitr.
    To be a pilgrim- during their life time all healthy Muslims must make at least one hajj (pilgrimage) to the city of Mecca during the 12th month of the islamic year.
  • 17. Islamic Architecture
    By: Jasmine Lane
  • 18. Islamic architecture does not just capture one’s attention, but it plays a big role in the Islam religion. Two prophets, Muhammad and Abraham, influenced their architectural designs greatly. A numerous amount of these have been around many years in relation to their holiness. Along with beauty, Islamic architecture has definite significance in their religion.
  • 19. Mosques
    place to pray
    many rooms, main no furniture
    kneel/sit on mats
    separate room/screen blocking women
    can’t be seen, can hear
    Basic Elements
    partly roofed, partly not; provides accommodation for group prayers
    qibla wall; perpendicular to imaginary line to Mecca
    mihrab; mid-point in qibla wall, most decorated feature of Mosques
    minbar; to the right of mihrab, where leader of service (Imam) stands
    dikka; wooden platform, qadi repeat Imam, transmitted to group
    kursi; where Qur’an is placed, usually next to dikka
    maqsura; raised platform with protective wooden screens, to protect Imam
    the pool; use for rituals before prayer or just decorative
    minaret; muezzin climbs 5 times a day, calls Muslims to pray
    portal; opening into mosque from outside (surrounded by high walls)
  • 20. Ka’aba
    oldest most sacred shrine
    stone structure approx. 15m x 15m
    believe was built by Abraham
    black cover embroidered in gold, silver, with verses from Qur’an
    empty since 630 AD
    been rebuilt many times
    Black Stone (probably meteorite), original; said to be given to Abraham by the Angel Gabriel
    circle 7 times counter-clockwise (at Mecca)
    always face when praying
  • 21. Dome of the Rock
    believe Muhammad went to heaven for night there
    one of holiest
    in Jerusalem
    Well of ZamZam
    • where Hagar (Abrahams wife) found water for Ishmael (Abrahams son)
    • 22. go during pilgrimage to Mecca
    • 23. believe God gave them this spring
    • 24. drunk by pilgrims
    • 25. take some home
  • Major Religious Events in Islam
    By: Tim Portnov
  • 26. Introduction
    Islam has many religious events that are held every year and are a big part of the Islamic history. Many of them are to do with god and religious beliefs.
    Here are some of the most important ones.
  • 27. The birth and Death of Muhammad
    Born in the year 570 his early life was passed in poverty as both his parents died by the time he was six.
    Troubled by how the rich merchants oppressed the poor he began praying on mount Hirra. This is when he first sensed the presence of a strange being. It was Angel Gabriel, and he had a command for Muhammad. “Recite! In the name of the lord who created, created man from congealed blood.”
    Muhammad spoke out to the people and told them in was god who created us all. The believers followed Muhammad into the city of Medina and not long after a war had began between the Muslims and the Meccans. Mecca was won by the Muslims and Muhammad was aloud to move back in to a better Mecca.
    In 632 Muhammad died. Abu Bakr, his closest friend told the people,” if you worshipped Muhammad, he is dead. But if it is god you worshipped, he lives forever!”
  • 28. Journey to Mecca
    A major event for Islamic people is the journey to Mecca. A long journey through rivers and desserts all in hope of making it to the great Ka’aba
    Many do not make it because of the fierce weather and the lack of food and water.
    Only Muslims are aloud to enter the city of Mecca
    If the journey is successful the travelers will change into clean white sheets and circle around the Ka’aba seven times while kissing the stone. They do this five times a day.
    This journey is a must for very religious Muslims as they believe that the Ka’aba will bring them luck and success.
  • 29. Ramadan
    The ninth month in the Muslim calendar is the month in which the Muslims can not eat, drink, have sex, or smoke until the sun is up
    The Ramadan lasts for an entire month
    During the month extra prayers are said and people try and act extra kind to each other
    This month helps them remember how much good god has brought them and how much poor people suffer.
  • 30. Important sites inIslam
    By Sam Wheating
  • 31. Introduction
    Islam is a religion which stretches to all corners of the world. With many important sites such as Mecca, Jerusalem, Al Ahzar University and The Dome Of The Rock, I think it’s time for a map.Here I have Made a Map which shows some of the most Important places in Islamic Culture.
    Click Here To See Map!
  • 32. Credits
    Barlow, Christopher. Islam. London: Batsford Academic and Educational, 1983. Print.
    Lawton, Clive. Celebrating Islam (Celebrations). New York: Young Library, 1995. Print.
    Mosque history, architectural development & regional diversity. New York: Thames and Hudson, 1994. Print.
    Pictures from :
    by geraintwn
    by Mo7amaD
    by menj
  • 33. Works Cited
    World Religions – Islam
    Khadija Knight
  • 34. Works Cited
    Google Maps. Web. 18 Jan. 2010. <>.
    "Islamic Sacred Sites and Places - ReligionFacts." Religion, World Religions, Comparative Religion - Just the facts on the world's religions. Web. 18 Jan. 2010. <>.