Romania is situated in South-East Europe, between latitudes 43˚ North and 48˚ North and longitudes 20˚ East and 29˚ East, about half-way between the Equator and the North Pole. It covers an area of 237,500 sq. km. ranking twelfth in size among the countries of Europe.
The neighbouring countries are Bulgaria in the south,Serbia in the south-west, Hungary in the west, Ukraine in the north andthe south-east and the Republic of Moldova in the east. In the south-east, Romania is bordered by the Black Sea for a distance of 245 km.Romania is member of NATO and the European Union .
Flag : Blue, yellow and red, invertical stripes, from left toright, respectively .
Romania´s population is 22.7 million. The country is inhabited by Romanians (89.4%), Hungarians (7.1%), Germans (0.5%) and other nationalities (3%) and has a population density of about 96 people per sq. km. The Romanian language is a Latin language. The grammatical structure and most of the basic word stock are of Latin origin. Government:Bicameral parliamentary republic. Climate: Temperate continental.
Capital: Bucharest, first mentioned in 1459. It is the largest city in Romania, located in the southeast of the country, and lies on the banks of the Dambovita River. According to unofficial data, the population is more than 3 million. Bucharest is the 6th largest city in the European Union by population within city limits.
The Palace of the Parliament in Bucharest is the worlds largest civilian building (according to the World Records Academy) and it can be seen from the moon. It was designed and nearly completed by the Ceausescu regime asthe seat of political andadministrative power.Nicolae Ceausescunamed it the House ofthe Republic,but many Romaniansstill call it thePeoples House.
•Bran Castle, situated near Bran and in the immediatevicinity of Braşov, is a national monument and landmark inRomania.•The fortress is situated on the border between Transylvaniaand Wallachia•Dracula issupposed tohave lived here.
•Peleș Castle is a Neo-Renaissance castle in theCarpathian Mountains, in Sinaia, on an existing medievalroute linking Transylvania and Wallachia, built between 1873and 1914. Its inauguration was held in 1883.•It was the summerresidence of theformer kings ofRomania.• It wasthe first electrifiedcastle in Europe.
Traditional Romanian music This presentation was made by theperformed by Grigoras Romanian students involved in theDinicu (1889-1949) I.W.E.R Comenius project.