Endocrine system presentation#11
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Endocrine system presentation#11 Endocrine system presentation#11 Presentation Transcript

  • Endocrine System and Medical Terms Related Sirinthip Thanomphon July 14,2010
  • Glycosuria
    • Is the excretion of glucose into the urine.
    • Also called glucosuria .
    • Less than 0.1% of glucose normally filtered by the glomeruli appears in the urine, and less than 130 mg should appear in the urine over a 24-hour period.
  • The Possible Causes of Glycosuria
    • Diabetes mellitus.
    • Pregnancy.
    • High sugar diet.
    • Following a gastrectomy.
    • Hyperthyroidism.
    • Liver disease.
    • Raised intracranial pressure.
    • Liver disease.
    View slide
  • How to Diagnose Glycosuria
    • Purchase a home urine glucose kit or a vial of test strips.
    • Store the strips according to the manufacturer's instructions - this helps to protect them from heat, light and humidity, which can destroy them.
    • Collect your urine in a clean dry container or pass the test strip through the stream of urine as it leaves your body.
    • Check the results, which will be indicated by a color change on the test pad of the strip.
    • If your glucose level is greater than 10 to 12 mmol/L, it means that glucose is being excreted into your urine and you have glycosuria.
    • See the doctor.
    View slide
  • Polyuria
    • Polyuria is the passage of large volumes of urine, at least 2.5 liters over 24 hours in an adult.
    • Frequent urination is sometimes included by definition.
    • But is in any case a usual complication. Increased production and passage of urine may also be termed “ diuresis”.
  • Causes of Polyuria
    • Uncontrolled diabetes mellitus.
    • Primary polydipsia.
    • Central diabetes insipidus.
    • Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
    • Anxiety.
    • certain water pills called diuretics.
    • Early stage of kidney failure.
    • Etc.
  • Diagnosis of Polyuria
    • Physical examination : examine state of hydration or examine for signs of complications of Diabetes mellitus.
    • Blood tests : full blood count and ESR or renal function tests.
    • Urine test.
    • Radiological investigations .
  • Summary of Endocrine System
  • Function
    • Secreting hormones directly to bloodstream.
    • Regulating many body activities such as metabolic rate, water and mineral balance, immune system reactions, and sexual functioning.
    • It is instrumental in maintaining homeostasis.
  • Consisting of Endocrine Glands
    • Two adrenal glands.
    • Two Ovaries (in the female).
    • Two testes (in the male).
    • Four parathyroid glands.
    • The pancreas.
    • The pineal gland.
    • Pituitary gland.
    • Thymus gland.
    • Thyroid gland.
  • Endocrine Glands and Their Hormones
  • Hypothalamus Hormones
  • References
    • Fremgen, Bonnie F., and Suzanne S. Frucht. Medical Terminology: a Living Language . Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009. Print.
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/glycosuria
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Polyuria
    • http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com
  • Reference for Pictures
    • www.nlm.nih.gov
    • http://medical-dictionary.com
    • www.rush.edu
    • www.ghi.com
    • www.secrets-about-vitamins.com
    • www.ucd.ie
    • www.doctorsecrets.com
    • www.nsbri.org