Bone Fractures Sirinthip Thanomphon June 16,2010
Skeletal System <ul><li>Is all of the bones in the body and the tissues such as tendons, ligaments and cartilage that conn...
Bone Factures <ul><li>Is a medical condition in which there is a break or a rupture in the continuity of the bone. </li></...
Causes of Bone Fractures <ul><li>Fractures occur when there is more force applied to the bone than the bone can take up.  ...
Oblique Fracture <ul><li>Is a fracture in which the line of break runs obliquely to the axis of the bone.  </li></ul>
Comminuted Fracture <ul><li>Is a fracture in which the bone is shattered, splintered, or crushed into many small pieces or...
Spiral Fracture <ul><li>Is a fracture in which the fracture line spirals around the shaft of bone. Can be cause by twistin...
Compound Fracture <ul><li>Is the fracture in which the skin has been broken through the fracture. Also called and  open fr...
Symptoms of Bone Fracture <ul><li>pain in the injured area. </li></ul><ul><li>swelling in the injured area.  </li></ul><ul...
Diagnosis  <ul><li>The physician makes the diagnosis with physical examination and diagnostic tests.  </li></ul><ul><li>x-...
Complication <ul><li>Bleeding. </li></ul><ul><li>Hemorrhage </li></ul><ul><li>Shock </li></ul><ul><li>Dead </li></ul><ul><...
Treatment <ul><li>Individual overall health, and medical history. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific treatment for a fracture will...
References <ul><li>Fremgen, Bonnie F., and Suzanne S. Frucht.  Medical Terminology: a Living Language . Upper Saddle River...
Reference for Pictures <ul><li>www.nlm.nih.gov  </li></ul><ul><li>http://medical-dictionary.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.rush...
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Bone fractures#4presentation

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Bone fractures#4presentation

  1. 1. Bone Fractures Sirinthip Thanomphon June 16,2010
  2. 2. Skeletal System <ul><li>Is all of the bones in the body and the tissues such as tendons, ligaments and cartilage that connect them. </li></ul><ul><li>The major function of the skeleton is to provide support for our body. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Bone Factures <ul><li>Is a medical condition in which there is a break or a rupture in the continuity of the bone. </li></ul><ul><li>Common sites of bone fracture are ankle, knee, wrist, and hip. </li></ul><ul><li>There are several types of bone fractures. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Causes of Bone Fractures <ul><li>Fractures occur when there is more force applied to the bone than the bone can take up. </li></ul><ul><li>It can occur from falls, trauma, or as a result of a direct blow or kick to the body. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Oblique Fracture <ul><li>Is a fracture in which the line of break runs obliquely to the axis of the bone. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Comminuted Fracture <ul><li>Is a fracture in which the bone is shattered, splintered, or crushed into many small pieces or fragments. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Spiral Fracture <ul><li>Is a fracture in which the fracture line spirals around the shaft of bone. Can be cause by twisting injury and is often slower to heal than other types of fractures. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Compound Fracture <ul><li>Is the fracture in which the skin has been broken through the fracture. Also called and open fracture. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Symptoms of Bone Fracture <ul><li>pain in the injured area. </li></ul><ul><li>swelling in the injured area. </li></ul><ul><li>obvious deformity in the injured area. </li></ul><ul><li>difficulty using or moving the injured area in a normal manner. </li></ul><ul><li>warmth, bruising, or redness in the injured area. </li></ul><ul><li>The symptoms of a broken bone may resemble other conditions. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Diagnosis <ul><li>The physician makes the diagnosis with physical examination and diagnostic tests. </li></ul><ul><li>x-rays. </li></ul><ul><li>Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) </li></ul><ul><li>Computed tomography scan (Also called a CT or CAT scan. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Complication <ul><li>Bleeding. </li></ul><ul><li>Hemorrhage </li></ul><ul><li>Shock </li></ul><ul><li>Dead </li></ul><ul><li>Embolism </li></ul><ul><li>Circulation problems. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Treatment <ul><li>Individual overall health, and medical history. </li></ul><ul><li>Specific treatment for a fracture will be determined physician based on extent of the fracture. </li></ul><ul><li>Treatment may include: splint or cast, medication (for pain control), traction, surgery. </li></ul><ul><li>The goal of treatment is to control the pain promote healing, prevent complications, and restore normal use of the fractured area. </li></ul>
  13. 13. References <ul><li>Fremgen, Bonnie F., and Suzanne S. Frucht. Medical Terminology: a Living Language . Upper Saddle River, N.J.: Pearson Prentice Hall, 2009. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Sprains and Strains - My Child Has.&quot; Children's Hospital Boston . Web. 17 June 2010. <http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site1109/mainpageS1109P0.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Fracture Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis, and Treatment by MedicineNet.com.&quot; Web. 17 June 2010. <http://www.medicinenet.com/fracture/article.htm>. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Reference for Pictures <ul><li>www.nlm.nih.gov </li></ul><ul><li>http://medical-dictionary.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.rush.edu </li></ul><ul><li>www.ghi.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.secrets-about-vitamins.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.ucd.ie </li></ul><ul><li>www.doctorsecrets.com </li></ul><ul><li>www.nsbri.org </li></ul>

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