Jonathan Swift  1667-1745
Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667
Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667He received a BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1686
Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667He received a BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1686He received an MA from...
Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667He received a BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1686He received an MA from...
Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667He received a BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1686He received an MA from...
Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667He received a BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1686He received an MA from...
Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667He received a BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1686He received an MA from...
Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s TravelsFour “books”—four voyages:    Lilliput    Brobdingnag    Laputa    Houyhnhnms
Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s Travels is a parody of the genre of “travel narrative”During the sixteenth, seventeenth and eight...
Jonathan SwiftLemuel Gulliver’s four voyages can be seen as a satirical exploration ofthe human condition: What does it me...
Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s second voyage, to Brobdingnag, a land of giants:In Brobdingnag Gulliver is reduced to the size of...
Jonathan SwiftSherman concludes:   Throughout Gulliver’s Travels that which is admirable is held up to   expose corruption...
Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s Travels : Book IV    Gulliver’s crew mutinies and puts him ashore on an unknown island
Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s Travels : Book IV    Gulliver’s crew mutinies and puts him ashore on an unknown island    The isl...
Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s Travels : Book IV    Gulliver’s crew mutinies and puts him ashore on an unknown island    The isl...
Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s Travels : Book IV    Gulliver’s crew mutinies and puts him ashore on an unknown island    The isl...
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Swift1 1

  1. 1. Jonathan Swift 1667-1745
  2. 2. Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667
  3. 3. Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667He received a BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1686
  4. 4. Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667He received a BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1686He received an MA from Oxford in 1692
  5. 5. Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667He received a BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1686He received an MA from Oxford in 1692He became an Anglican priest in 1695
  6. 6. Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667He received a BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1686He received an MA from Oxford in 1692He became an Anglican priest in 1695He was granted a Dr. of Divinity degree from Trinity in 1702
  7. 7. Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667He received a BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1686He received an MA from Oxford in 1692He became an Anglican priest in 1695He was granted a Dr. of Divinity degree from Trinity in 1702He was active in the early debates of the political parties in England— Whigs and Tories
  8. 8. Jonathan SwiftSwift was born in Ireland in 1667He received a BA from Trinity College, Dublin in 1686He received an MA from Oxford in 1692He became an Anglican priest in 1695He was granted a Dr. of Divinity degree from Trinity in 1702He was active in the early debates of the political parties in England— Whigs and ToriesSwift is famous for his satires: Tale of a Tub (1704) A Modest Proposal (1729) Gulliver’s Travels (1726)
  9. 9. Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s TravelsFour “books”—four voyages: Lilliput Brobdingnag Laputa Houyhnhnms
  10. 10. Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s Travels is a parody of the genre of “travel narrative”During the sixteenth, seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, these tales of voyages of exploration and colonial adventure were extremely popular: Christopher Columbus Amerigo Vespucci (for whom “America” is named) Sir Walter Raleigh Captain John SmithMore’s Utopia also parodies the genre, and Shakespeare’s The Tempest invokes the genreTravel narratives are often sometimes “utopian”—Book IV of Gulliver’s Travels also parodies More’s Utopia
  11. 11. Jonathan SwiftLemuel Gulliver’s four voyages can be seen as a satirical exploration ofthe human condition: What does it mean to be a human being?The name “Gulliver” may suggest that he is “gullible”Gulliver’s first voyage, to Lilliput:Gulliver encounters a land of tiny people. According to Stuart Sherman,editor of the Longman Anthology of British Literature Vol. 1c: The diminutive citizens of Lilliput represent human small-mindedness and petty ambitions. Filled with self-importance, they Lilliputians are cruel, treacherous, malicious and destructive. (Longman Anthology, p. 2531)
  12. 12. Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s second voyage, to Brobdingnag, a land of giants:In Brobdingnag Gulliver is reduced to the size of a Lilliputian.According to Stuart Sherman: He is humbled by his own helplessness and, finding the huge bodies of the Brobdingnagians grotesque, he realizes how repulsive the Lilliputians must have found him. When Gulliver gives the wise king of Brobdingnag an account of the political affairs of England—which manifest hypocrisy, avarice and hatred—the enlightened monarch concludes that most of the country’s inhabitants must be “the most pernicious race of little odious vermin that Nature ever suffered to crawl upon the face of the Earth.” (Longman Anthology, p. 2531)
  13. 13. Jonathan SwiftSherman concludes: Throughout Gulliver’s Travels that which is admirable is held up to expose corruption in the reader’s world, and that which is deplorable is identified with the institutions and practices of contemporary Europe, particularly Britain. ... With brilliantly modulated ironic self-awareness, Swift’s painful comedy of exposure to the truth of human frailty demonstrates that there is no room for the distortions of human pride in a world where our practices are so evidently at variance with our principles. Swift advances no program of social reform, but provokes a new recognition—literally, a re-thinking—of our own humanity. (Longman Anthology, p. 2531)
  14. 14. Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s Travels : Book IV Gulliver’s crew mutinies and puts him ashore on an unknown island
  15. 15. Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s Travels : Book IV Gulliver’s crew mutinies and puts him ashore on an unknown island The island turns out to be inhabited by the “Houyhnhnms”--creatures who look like horses but are more civilized and intelligent than humans, in Gulliver’s view
  16. 16. Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s Travels : Book IV Gulliver’s crew mutinies and puts him ashore on an unknown island The island turns out to be inhabited by the “Houyhnhnms”--creatures who look like horses but are more civilized and intelligent than humans, in Gulliver’s view The island also has “Yahoos”—creatures who look like humans but are sub-human in intelligence, savage and disgusting
  17. 17. Jonathan SwiftGulliver’s Travels : Book IV Gulliver’s crew mutinies and puts him ashore on an unknown island The island turns out to be inhabited by the “Houyhnhnms”--creatures who look like horses but are more civilized and intelligent than humans, in Gulliver’s view The island also has “Yahoos”—creatures who look like humans but are sub-human in intelligence, savage and disgusting
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