Sentence types

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Sentence types

  1. 1. SENTENCE TYPES
  2. 2. CLAUSES  Independent Clause: contains a subject, a verb, and a complete thought. It can stand alone.  Dependent Clause: contains a subject and a verb, but no complete thought.
  3. 3. SIMPLE SENTENCES  A simple sentence = ONE independent clause.  Examples:  The clown frightened the little girl.  She ran off screaming.
  4. 4. COMPOUND SENTENCES  A compound sentence= two independent clauses joined by:          A. a coordinating conjunction (for, and,nor, but, or, yet, so),          B. a conjunctive adverb (e.g. however, therefore)          C. a semicolon alone.
  5. 5. COMPOUND SENTENCES  Examples:  The clown frightened the girl, and she ran off screaming.  The clown frightened the girl; therefore, she ran off screaming.  The clown frightened the girl; she ran off screaming.
  6. 6. COMPLEX SENTENCES  Complex sentences= one dependent clause (headed by a subordinating conjunction or a relative pronoun ) joined to an independent clause.  Example:  After the clown frightened the girl, she ran off screaming.  The girl, who fears clowns, always runs off screaming.
  7. 7. COMPLEX COMPOUND SENTENCES  A compound complex sentence = two independent clauses joined to one or more dependent clauses.  Example:  After the clown frightened the girl, she ran off screaming, and the clown flew into a rage.

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