Elements of-fiction

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Elements of-fiction

  1. 1. Elements of Fiction ~Literary Terms & Devices
  2. 2. Setting  The where and when of a narrative physical psychological
  3. 3. Point of View (PoV)1st Person 2nd Person 3rd Person you He, She, it Objective (Camera View) Omniscient Limited Omniscient
  4. 4. Protagonist
  5. 5. Antagonist
  6. 6. Stereotype
  7. 7. Foil
  8. 8. Plot The plan or storyline of a narrative (play, novel, short story, film, etc.)
  9. 9. Subplot  The minor or secondary plot of a narrative. It often runs parallel to the development of the main plot and often mirrors the main plot.
  10. 10. Exposition
  11. 11. Rising action Suspense
  12. 12. Climax The turning point in a narrative. Point of highest emotion.
  13. 13. Anti-Climax  A weak or disappointing conclusion
  14. 14. Falling action Conflictbegins to get resolved.
  15. 15. Denouement / resolution The outcome or solution of the plot
  16. 16. Conflict Character vs. Character Fate, destiny, “god” Supernatural, unknown Nature Society Self
  17. 17. ThemeUniversal topic about life
  18. 18. Moral
  19. 19. MotifReoccurring color, saying, song, topic, action, object, etc…
  20. 20. Tone
  21. 21. Mood
  22. 22. Symbol
  23. 23. Characterization The development or creation of characters in a narrative  A dynamic character undergoes a fundamental change  * Whereas a static character remains the same 
  24. 24. Characterization The development or creation of characters in a narrative  A dynamic character undergoes a fundamental change  * Whereas a static character remains the same 
  25. 25. Irony  The twisting or foiling of expectations  Verbal  Dramatic  Situational
  26. 26. Figurative Imagery Language
  27. 27. simile Often uses like, as, similar to, as if, & resembles
  28. 28. Metaphor  Often uses is, was…
  29. 29. personification  anthropomorphism
  30. 30. hyperbole
  31. 31. Foreshadowing  An indication or hint of things yet to occur in the plot
  32. 32. Flashback
  33. 33. onomatopoeia
  34. 34. punA bicycle cant Mercutio--"Nay, gentle stand alone Romeo, we must have youbecause it is two-tired. dance." Romeo--"Not I, believe me. You have dancing shoes / With nimble soles; I have a soul of lead…"(I iv 13-5)
  35. 35. paradox
  36. 36. Oxymoron Oxy = sharp Moron = dullopen secret larger half clearly confusedact naturally alone together Hells Angelsfound missing liquid gas civil engineerdeafening silence seriously funny living deadMicrosoft Works military intelligence jumbo shrimpAdvanced BASIC tragic comedy unbiased opinionvirtual reality definite maybe original copiespretty ugly same difference plastic glassesalmost exactly constant variable even oddsminor crisis extinct life genuine imitationexact estimate only choice freezer burn working holiday rolling stop
  37. 37. Allusion draws upon the ready stock of ideas or emotion already associated with a topic in a relatively short space."the city that “We’re not in Kansas “KOBE!” any more.”never sleeps"
  38. 38. Alliteration  "Bitsy Big-Boy Boomeroo" in Dr. Seusss The Butter Battle Book.  assonance
  39. 39. Fin

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