Ayn Rand (1905 – 1982)
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Ayn Rand (1905 – 1982)

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Ayn Rand (1905 – 1982) Ayn Rand (1905 – 1982) Presentation Transcript

  • Ayn Rand (1905-1982) http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=about_ayn_rand_aynrand_biography
    • Born in Russia – immigrated to US in 1926
    • Fountainhead (1943) is best known novel; Atlas Shrugged also well-known
    • Anthem (1938)
    • founder of philosophical movement known as objectivism ( http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=objectivism_intro )
  • Ayn Rand (1905 – 1982)
    • Controversial figure in literature and philosophy
    • Upheld individualism over collectivism and egoism over altruism
    • Reason is the tool that nourishes the individual against forces that can weaken it
  • Anthem
    • word “anthem” means hymn of praise
    • known as “anti-utopian” or “dystopian” fiction
    • collectivist society is primitive because economic progress depends on freedom (the un-coerced mind)
  • Romantic Realism
    • novel serves as Rand’s intro to “Romantic Realism”
    • Romantic – deals with universal problems of human existence
    • Realism – problems of normal (real) people
  • Objectivism
    • Reality exists regardless of consciousness (awareness, thoughts, emotions)
    • Proper moral purpose of life is individual pursuit of happiness
    • The only social system consistent with this morality is full respect for individual rights
    • Objectivism rejects belief in any thing alleged to transcend existence
  • Collectivism
      • Thinking exists only as part of the group – man’s worth is determined by his service to the group.
  • Individualism
    • Every man is an individual and has the same rights
  • Selflessness (Altruism)
    • Unselfish concern for or devotion to the welfare of others. Complete mindlessness; abstention from thinking; obedience to masters. No individual identity or thought. Leads to no motivation, no ambition, no hope.
  • Egoism
    • Valuing everything only in reference to one's personal interest. The individual as opposed to others is the beneficiary of his or her actions.
  • Free Will (as opposed to determinism)
    • People can make choices, can make up their mind, can make decisions, and can direct their own lives by the ideas and values they hold
  • Flat/Round
    • Terms used to describe characters
    • Flat – surface description of character not insight into personality
    • Round – insight into character’s thoughts, feelings, and beliefs.
  • Static / Dynamic
    • static – character remains the same throughout the literary work.
    • dynamic – character goes through transformations (changes) as a result of events in the story.