Ayn Rand (1905 – 1982)

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Ayn Rand (1905 – 1982)

  1. 1. Ayn Rand (1905-1982) http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=about_ayn_rand_aynrand_biography <ul><li>Born in Russia – immigrated to US in 1926 </li></ul><ul><li>Fountainhead (1943) is best known novel; Atlas Shrugged also well-known </li></ul><ul><li>Anthem (1938) </li></ul><ul><li>founder of philosophical movement known as objectivism ( http://www.aynrand.org/site/PageServer?pagename=objectivism_intro ) </li></ul>
  2. 2. Ayn Rand (1905 – 1982) <ul><li>Controversial figure in literature and philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Upheld individualism over collectivism and egoism over altruism </li></ul><ul><li>Reason is the tool that nourishes the individual against forces that can weaken it </li></ul>
  3. 3. Anthem <ul><li>word “anthem” means hymn of praise </li></ul><ul><li>known as “anti-utopian” or “dystopian” fiction </li></ul><ul><li>collectivist society is primitive because economic progress depends on freedom (the un-coerced mind) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Romantic Realism <ul><li>novel serves as Rand’s intro to “Romantic Realism” </li></ul><ul><li>Romantic – deals with universal problems of human existence </li></ul><ul><li>Realism – problems of normal (real) people </li></ul>
  5. 5. Objectivism <ul><li>Reality exists regardless of consciousness (awareness, thoughts, emotions) </li></ul><ul><li>Proper moral purpose of life is individual pursuit of happiness </li></ul><ul><li>The only social system consistent with this morality is full respect for individual rights </li></ul><ul><li>Objectivism rejects belief in any thing alleged to transcend existence </li></ul>
  6. 6. Collectivism <ul><ul><li>Thinking exists only as part of the group – man’s worth is determined by his service to the group. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Individualism <ul><li>Every man is an individual and has the same rights </li></ul>
  8. 8. Selflessness (Altruism) <ul><li>Unselfish concern for or devotion to the welfare of others. Complete mindlessness; abstention from thinking; obedience to masters. No individual identity or thought. Leads to no motivation, no ambition, no hope. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Egoism <ul><li>Valuing everything only in reference to one's personal interest. The individual as opposed to others is the beneficiary of his or her actions. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Free Will (as opposed to determinism) <ul><li>People can make choices, can make up their mind, can make decisions, and can direct their own lives by the ideas and values they hold </li></ul>
  11. 11. Flat/Round <ul><li>Terms used to describe characters </li></ul><ul><li>Flat – surface description of character not insight into personality </li></ul><ul><li>Round – insight into character’s thoughts, feelings, and beliefs. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Static / Dynamic <ul><li>static – character remains the same throughout the literary work. </li></ul><ul><li>dynamic – character goes through transformations (changes) as a result of events in the story. </li></ul>

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