Genocide is a process that develops in eight stages that are predictable but not inexorable (at each stage, preventive measures can stop it).
Us vs. Them: Groups are divided based on differences
Symbols forced upon groups to distinguish them.
Members seen as animals, diseases, non- human. At this stage, hate propaganda in print and on hate radios is used to vilify the victim group.
Trained units or armies to carry out acts of violence
Using propaganda- either with “us” or with “them.” Extremists drive the groups apart and target the moderates, intimidating and silencing the center.
Victims identified and separated from the rest of society due to race, ethnicity or religion
Quickly becomes the mass killing legally called genocide. It is extermination to the killers because they do not see the victims as human.
The 8th stage that always follows a genocide. Perpetrators deny crimes were committed.
Holocaust: German vs. Jew “ Jews are forced to carry anti-Semitic signs.
Holocaust: Jews were forced to wear the yellow star under Nazi rule
Holocaust: Anti-Semitic posters, children’s books, radio stations used to implant idea that Jews are less than human A page of The Poisonious Mushroom, an anti-Semitic novel for children. The page shows children how to identify a Jew: “The Jewish nose is crooked at its tip. It looks like the number 6.”
Holocaust: German police, Jewish police (that the Nazi’s organized), Gestapo, and S.S. were used to find, assault, and kill Jews A damaged lintel above a Torah ark in a synagogue in Nentershausen. Synagogues were burned, Jewish homes were looted, and 91 Jews died. Gestapo, supported by local armed police, arrested approximately 30,000 Jews and deported them to death camps.
Holocaust: Propaganda continues and increases. Moderates who are most able to stop the genocide are arrested and killed German propaganda campaign climaxes in the days leading up to invasion of the Warsaw.
Holocaust: Jews are segregated into ghettos and deported into concentration camps The sealing of the Warsaw Ghetto in 1939.