Directional terms

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Directional terms

  1. 1. Notes: Directional Terms (pg 8)
  2. 2. Notes: Directional Terms (pg 8) Anatomical Position: Standing upright, face and feet forward, arms at sides with palms facing forward
  3. 3. Body Cavities • Dorsal cavity: Contains brain and spinal cord
  4. 4. Body Cavities • Dorsal cavity: Contains brain and spinal cord • Ventral cavity: Contains thoracic (chest) cavity and abdominal cavity
  5. 5. Directions in the Body • Superior = Above (closer to the head) • Inferior = Below (closer to the feet)
  6. 6. Directions in the Body • Superior = Above (closer to the head) • Anterior = toward the front (ventral) • Inferior = Below (closer to the feet) • Posterior = toward the back (dorsal)
  7. 7. Directions in the Body • Superior = Above (closer to the head) • Anterior = toward the front (ventral) • Medial = near the midline of the body • Inferior = Below (closer to the feet) • Posterior = toward the back (dorsal) • Lateral = near the side of the body
  8. 8. Directions in the Body • Superior = Above (closer to the head) • Anterior = toward the front (ventral) • Medial = near the midline of the body • Proximal = close to a point of attachment • Inferior = Below (closer to the feet) • Posterior = toward the back (dorsal) • Lateral = near the side of the body • Distal = far from a point of attachment
  9. 9. Directions in the Body • Superior = Above (closer to the head) • Anterior = toward the front (ventral) • Medial = near the midline of the body • Proximal = close to a point of attachment • Superficial = near the surface • Inferior = Below (closer to the feet) • Posterior = toward the back (dorsal) • Lateral = near the side of the body • Distal = far from a point of attachment • Deep = away from the surface
  10. 10. Using directional terms • Terms describe the position of a part relative to another part • Incorrect: The heart is superior • Correct: The heart is superior to the intestines
  11. 11. Output (pg 9) Describe the classroom using the directional terms (1 sentence per term) Example: The pencil sharpener is lateral to the desks
  12. 12. Partner Activity • One person will point to a body part. The other will say whether that part is: superior/inferior anterior/posterior lateral/medial Relative to the person’s nose Then switch partners. Repeat for 5 body parts each
  13. 13. Planes (pg 8)
  14. 14. Planes • Sagittal plane: vertical plane that divides the body into right and left sides
  15. 15. Planes • Sagittal plane: vertical plane that divides the body into right and left sides • Transverse plane: horizontal plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions (cross section)
  16. 16. Planes • Sagittal plane: vertical plane that divides the body into right and left sides • Transverse plane: horizontal plane that divides the body into superior and inferior portions (cross section) • Frontal (coronal) plane: vertical plane that divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
  17. 17. Activity • Use the modeling clay to sculpt a small elephant (each person makes their own) • When finished, call me over to your table and show me the sagittal, transverse, and frontal planes

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