Worldwide Elite Player Development

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  • 1. Worldwide Elite Player Development
    Are England so far behind?
    Steven Dillon, Tom Fawdry, Dominic Haynes, Scott Slater
  • 2. Recent World Cup or European Championships
    Players Produced by Academies, both Men and Women
    Difference In Priorities
    How does England Compare?
    What Happens Next?
    Success – How does England compare?
  • 3. Nicolas Anelka – Chelsea
    Thierry Henry –Barcelona
    William Gallas – Arsenal
    Samir Nasri– Arsenal
    Karim Benzema – Lyon
    World Cup Winners – 1998
    European Championships Winners –2000
    U21 European Championships Winners – 1988
    Olympic Gold Medallists – 1984
  • 4. Klaas Jan Huntalaar – Real Madrid
    Rafeal Van der Vart – Real Madrid
    Wesley Sneijder – Real Madrid
    Ryan Babel – Liverpool
    Roysten Drenthe – Real Madrid
    European Championships Winners – 1988
    U21 European Championships Winners – 2006 & 2007
  • 5. Bojan – Barcelona
    Fernando Torres - Liverpool
    Sergio Ramos – Real Madrid
    Cesc Fabregas – Arsenal
    David Villa – Valencia
    European Championship Winners – 2008
    U21 European Championships Winners – 1986 & 1998
    Olympic Gold Medallists – 1992
  • 6. Freddy Adu – Benfica
    DaMarcus Beasley – Glasgow Rangers
    Clint Dempsey – Fulham
    Taylor Twellman – New England Revolution
    Natasha Kai – U.S Women
    Women’s World Cup Winners – 1991 & 1999
    Women’s U19 World Championship Winners – 2002
    Women's Olympic Gold Medallists – 1996, 2004 & 2008
    Women's U23 Nordic Tournament – 2008
    United States of America
  • 7. David Beckham– L.A Galaxy / AC Milan
    Wayne Rooney – Manchester United
    John Terry – Chelsea
    Steven Gerrard– Liverpool
    Rio Ferdinand – Manchester United
    World Cup Winners – 1966
    U21 European Championship Winners – 1982 & 1984
  • 8. Will We Ever See Success Again?
  • 9. England – (The F.A – The Football Association)
    ‘To enjoy their football experience and improve their techniques.’
    ‘To develop their movement and discover the benefits of learning.’
    Worldwide Soccer Development Priorities
  • 10.  France – (F.F.F – French Football Federation)
    ‘To become a professional player with the maximum chance of succeeding. (This includes the four factors of soccer)
    ‘Keep up with academic studies so they can have a career in the event that a soccer career is not an option’
    Worldwide Soccer Development Priorities
  • 11. United States of America – (U.S.S.F – US Soccer Federation)
    ‘To promote the implementation of small sided games as a vehicle for match play for players under the age of 12 throughout the United States’
    ‘To promote and encourage in appropriate developmental environment for players that is based on both age and ability characteristics’
    Worldwide Soccer Development Priorities
  • 12.
  • 13. French Football’s Elite Youth Development
    “Now France is quite simply the world-wide example for the production of young footballers”
    Williams (2006) Guardian
  • 14. National Technical Director (DTN)
    FFF Coaching Structure
    8 National Coaches
    27 Conseiller Technique Regional (CTR)
    80 Conseiller Technique Departemental (CTD)
  • 15. Lord Triesman – Independently appointed Chairman
    Sir Trevor Brooking – Head of Football Development Division
    53 County FA’s
    The FA Player Development Structure
  • 16. Centres de Preformation and Centres de Formation
    • 1970 – Centres de preformation and Centres de Formation introduced
    • 17. “...set the standard in terms of ethos, pedagogy and general education” – Blaquart (2001)
    • 18. Every member of the 1998 World Cup winning squad graduated from a Centre de Formation – Tournier and Rethacker (1999 : 161)
    • Academies or Centre’s of Excellence made mandatory in 1998
    • 19. Split into 3 age groups:
    9-11 Year olds
    12-16 Year olds
    17 and 18 Year olds
    • “It might all mean that youth development is no longer seen as a priority” – Howard Wilkinson (2007)
    English Centre’s of Excellence and Football Academies
  • 20.
    • Started functioning in 1988
    • 21. “An excellent complement to the activities of preformation. Selection for international matches gives the youngsters an international culture regarding tactics and irreplaceable experience of the highest level of football” – FFF’s justification of the National Centre de Preformation system – Morlans (2001)
  • 22.
    • Projected opening date, 2010
    • 23. Will be based at a site near Burton-upon-Trent
    • 24. First began preparations in 2001 under the supervision of Howard Wilkinson, the former Technical Director of the FA
    National Football Centre
  • 25.
    • “A good thing about buying a French player is a good education, a good attitude, very professional, very focused and tactically fully aware. He knows all the systems” – Marcelo Lippi – Hopkins and Williams (2001 : 189)
    • 26. “There is already a massive problem with the lack of opportunity given to players of 17 and over. It will impact on the national team if we don't have players coming through from the academies” – Howard Wilkinson (2007)
  • 27.
  • 28. The Breeding Ground of Dutch Football
    29 league titles (Eredivisie)
    4 times winners of champions league
    17 times winners of league cup (KNVB Cup)
  • 29. ‘The Child is always the centre of their football not the coaching. Their whole attitude is based on a child and community based culture.’
    (Cooper, P. English based Dutch UK football school)
    ‘Central within the club is the style of play (4-3-3), training, behaviour and house rules. Ajax strives to keep the way of playing football recognisable; attractive, offensive-minded, creative, fast, fair and preferably far away from the own goal on the opponents’ half.’
    The Vision of Ajax 
  • 30. English Society & Culture
    (UNICEF, Child poverty in perspective:
    An overview of child well-being in rich countries, Innocenti Report Card 7, 2007
    UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Florence.)
  • 31. “At the moment anyone who’s any good quickly goes through the system and is coaching 16-plus because that’s the only place to get any money, whereas in other countries they pay quality people to stay in the 5-11’s and to stay in the 11-16’s”
    (Sir Trevor Brooking)
    Premier League only signed up to UEFA’s coaching rules in 2003
    A View from the Top…
  • 32. England must go Dutch to become world
    Watford FC and the Harefield Academy
    Government Academies Initiative
    What Next?
  • 33.
  • 34. USAElite Player Development
  • 35. Too much pressure on young players
    A severe lack of age appropriate coaching
    No obvious system to accommodate for late developing players
    Too much emphasis on results in all age groups
    A lack of ability to develop talent early and placing them in the correct environment
    (Allen 2008)
    Problems in the development of young players
  • 36. “In the United States, we have sought
    to develop players in a somewhat backward
    way compared with the rest of the world.”
    (Allen 2008, p.17)
    “...we have been trying to fit younger players into an adult scheme based upon the mistaken notion that they will develop through earlier and more intense competition.”
    (Allen 2008, p.17)
    Problems continued...
  • 37. The opportunities to mimic or copy from
    observing other players
    The freedom to experiment without the fear of being cut from the squad or benched
    Playing with and against many different
    players each day, allowing each player to adopt many different roles
    (Allen 2008)
    Street Soccer
  • 38. “Long term player development is an issue that every football club in the world has to address and a number of clubs around the globe are turning to a proven and successful club in this field to help meet their objectives”
    (Everton Academy Online 2008)
    Illinois Youth Soccer Association
    Ontario Soccer Association
    FC Revolution
    New England Aztecs
    Making Positive Change In Player Development...The Everton Way
  • 39. How did we conduct our research?
    Where did we find our research?
    Did we encounter any problems?
    Strengths and Weaknesses
    of mediums?
  • 40. Identified contemporary issue within sport ‘European Culture for Elite Player Development’
    Decision on approach, how would we tackle the subject?
    Initial general research of industry and topics
    Decided how would information be presented? Concluded on PowerPoint presentation
    Research Approach
  • 41. Group delegated and divided workload
    Conduct individual research
    ‘Reported Back’ to group, presenting initial findings
    Confirmation of Topic – ‘Worldwide Elite Player Development’
    Deeper individual and group research
    Initial Draft
    Research Approach Continued…
  • 42. Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques
    Emails –
    • Quick and easy to send
    • 43. Email addresses easily accessible
    • 44. Multiple emails can be sent
    • 45. Can be sent worldwide
    • 46. Accessible from various locations
    X Response not always received
    X Not very personal
    X Computers not always available to access
    X Receiver may not be educated in that field
    X Research may not be reliable
  • 47. Letters –
    • Personal way of researching
    • 48. Get a more thorough response
    • 49. Can be subject specific
    X Speed of delivery slows research down
    X Not always the priority of the receiver
    X Can get lost in the postal system
    Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques
  • 50. Questionnaires –
    • Can cover a variety of subjects
    • 51. A professional way of researching
    • 52. Can help statistical analysis
    • 53. Can cover large quantities of people
    X Receivers are not always prepared to answer many questions
    X Few recipients replied to questionnaire
    X Often be time consuming
    Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques
  • 54. Internet –
    • Vast amount of information readily available
    • 55. Information can be found quickly
    • 56. Worldwide sources available
    • 57. Information free of charge
    X Sources not always reliable
    X Often too much information
    X Sources sometimes conflict each other
    X Not always up to date
    Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques
  • 58. Journals –
    • Sources are reliable
    • 59. Highest Level on Evidence Spectrum
    X Not always easily accessible
    X Information not always up to date, due to embargoes
    X Journals sometimes incur costs
    X Difficulties obtaining journals
    Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques
  • 60. Books –
    • Vast quantity of books available
    • 61. Offer various opinions and facts
    • 62. Reliable source as they have been published
    X Books often contradict each other
    X Often too much information
    X Only available in certain locations
    Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques
  • 63. Newspapers–
    X Opinion Based
    X Low on Evidence Spectrum
    X Not Referenced
    Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques
  • 66.
    • ANON, 2008. Making positive changes in player development...The Everton Way. Soccer Journal [online], 53 (4), p.1. Available: SPORTDiscus [accessed 8/12/2008]
    • 67. ALLEN, G. 2008. Dear M. Lewis....Soccer Journal [online], 53 (4), pp.16-20. Available: SPORTDiscus [accessed 8/12/08]
    • 68. DAUNCEY, H and G. HARE, 1999. The national impact of a world sporting event.
    • 69. Hare, G. (2003) Football In France: A Cultural History
    • 70. SCOTT,M., 2008. Brooking Under Pressure after League Attack. The Guardian, 14th November, p69
    • 71. Questionnaire by Huw Jennings
    • 72. Williams, A. M. And Hodges, N. (2005) Practice, instruction and skill acquisition in soccer: Challenging tradition. Journal of Sports Sciences Vol. 23 Issue 6, p637
  • 73.
    • (Accessed 19th October 2008)
    • 74. 19th October 2008)
    • 75. (Accessed 25th October 2008)
    • 76. (Accessed 19th October 2008)
    • 77. 19th October 2008)
    • 78. (Accessed 19th October 2008)
    • 79. (Accessed 19th October 2008)
    • 80. Images courtesy of 19th October 2008)
    References and Sources of Information