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Worldwide Elite Player Development Are England so far behind? Steven Dillon, Tom Fawdry, Dominic Haynes, Scott Slater
Recent World Cup or European Championships Players Produced by Academies, both Men and Women Difference In Priorities How does England Compare? What Happens Next? Success – How does England compare?
Nicolas Anelka – Chelsea Thierry Henry –Barcelona William Gallas – Arsenal Samir Nasri– Arsenal Karim Benzema – Lyon World Cup Winners – 1998 European Championships Winners –2000 U21 European Championships Winners – 1988 Olympic Gold Medallists – 1984 France
Klaas Jan Huntalaar – Real Madrid Rafeal Van der Vart – Real Madrid Wesley Sneijder – Real Madrid Ryan Babel – Liverpool Roysten Drenthe – Real Madrid European Championships Winners – 1988 U21 European Championships Winners – 2006 & 2007 Holland
Bojan – Barcelona Fernando Torres - Liverpool Sergio Ramos – Real Madrid Cesc Fabregas – Arsenal David Villa – Valencia European Championship Winners – 2008 U21 European Championships Winners – 1986 & 1998 Olympic Gold Medallists – 1992 Spain
Freddy Adu – Benfica DaMarcus Beasley – Glasgow Rangers Clint Dempsey – Fulham Taylor Twellman – New England Revolution Natasha Kai – U.S Women Women’s World Cup Winners – 1991 & 1999 Women’s U19 World Championship Winners – 2002 Women's Olympic Gold Medallists – 1996, 2004 & 2008 Women's U23 Nordic Tournament – 2008 United States of America
David Beckham– L.A Galaxy / AC Milan Wayne Rooney – Manchester United John Terry – Chelsea Steven Gerrard– Liverpool Rio Ferdinand – Manchester United World Cup Winners – 1966 U21 European Championship Winners – 1982 & 1984 England
England – (The F.A – The Football Association) ‘To enjoy their football experience and improve their techniques.’ ‘To develop their movement and discover the benefits of learning.’ Worldwide Soccer Development Priorities
France – (F.F.F – French Football Federation) ‘To become a professional player with the maximum chance of succeeding. (This includes the four factors of soccer) ‘Keep up with academic studies so they can have a career in the event that a soccer career is not an option’ Worldwide Soccer Development Priorities
United States of America – (U.S.S.F – US Soccer Federation) ‘To promote the implementation of small sided games as a vehicle for match play for players under the age of 12 throughout the United States’ ‘To promote and encourage in appropriate developmental environment for players that is based on both age and ability characteristics’ Worldwide Soccer Development Priorities
“An excellent complement to the activities of preformation. Selection for international matches gives the youngsters an international culture regarding tactics and irreplaceable experience of the highest level of football” – FFF’s justification of the National Centre de Preformation system – Morlans (2001)
“A good thing about buying a French player is a good education, a good attitude, very professional, very focused and tactically fully aware. He knows all the systems” – Marcelo Lippi – Hopkins and Williams (2001 : 189)
“There is already a massive problem with the lack of opportunity given to players of 17 and over. It will impact on the national team if we don't have players coming through from the academies” – Howard Wilkinson (2007)
The Breeding Ground of Dutch Football (FIFA) 29 league titles (Eredivisie) 4 times winners of champions league 17 times winners of league cup (KNVB Cup) Holland
‘The Child is always the centre of their football not the coaching. Their whole attitude is based on a child and community based culture.’ (Cooper, P. English based Dutch UK football school)
‘Central within the club is the style of play (4-3-3), training, behaviour and house rules. Ajax strives to keep the way of playing football recognisable; attractive, offensive-minded, creative, fast, fair and preferably far away from the own goal on the opponents’ half.’ (www.ajax.nl) The Vision of Ajax
English Society & Culture (UNICEF, Child poverty in perspective: An overview of child well-being in rich countries, Innocenti Report Card 7, 2007 UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre, Florence.)
“At the moment anyone who’s any good quickly goes through the system and is coaching 16-plus because that’s the only place to get any money, whereas in other countries they pay quality people to stay in the 5-11’s and to stay in the 11-16’s” (Sir Trevor Brooking)
Premier League only signed up to UEFA’s coaching rules in 2003 A View from the Top…
England must go Dutch to become world beaters Watford FC and the Harefield Academy Government Academies Initiative What Next?
Too much pressure on young players A severe lack of age appropriate coaching No obvious system to accommodate for late developing players Too much emphasis on results in all age groups A lack of ability to develop talent early and placing them in the correct environment (Allen 2008) Problems in the development of young players
“In the United States, we have sought to develop players in a somewhat backward way compared with the rest of the world.” (Allen 2008, p.17) “...we have been trying to fit younger players into an adult scheme based upon the mistaken notion that they will develop through earlier and more intense competition.” (Allen 2008, p.17) Problems continued...
The opportunities to mimic or copy from observing other players The freedom to experiment without the fear of being cut from the squad or benched Playing with and against many different players each day, allowing each player to adopt many different roles (Allen 2008) Street Soccer
“Long term player development is an issue that every football club in the world has to address and a number of clubs around the globe are turning to a proven and successful club in this field to help meet their objectives” (Everton Academy Online 2008) Illinois Youth Soccer Association Ontario Soccer Association FC Revolution New England Aztecs Making Positive Change In Player Development...The Everton Way
How did we conduct our research? Where did we find our research? Did we encounter any problems? Strengths and Weaknesses of mediums? RESEARCH
Identified contemporary issue within sport ‘European Culture for Elite Player Development’ Decision on approach, how would we tackle the subject? Initial general research of industry and topics Decided how would information be presented? Concluded on PowerPoint presentation Research Approach
Group delegated and divided workload Conduct individual research ‘Reported Back’ to group, presenting initial findings Confirmation of Topic – ‘Worldwide Elite Player Development’ Deeper individual and group research Initial Draft Research Approach Continued…
Strengths and Weaknesses of Research Techniques Emails –