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Sdwea Blueprint Forum April12 Revised (2)
 

Sdwea Blueprint Forum April12 Revised (2)

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The South Dakota Wind Energy Association Blueprint for Wind Development in South Dakota

The South Dakota Wind Energy Association Blueprint for Wind Development in South Dakota

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Sdwea Blueprint Forum April12 Revised (2) Sdwea Blueprint Forum April12 Revised (2) Presentation Transcript

  • Wind Blueprint Forum April 2009
  • South Dakota Wind Energy Association
    • Organized January 2009
    • Purposes
      • Provide a forum for education, research, and reliable information
      • Serve as a ‘clearinghouse’ for new ideas, challenges, and barriers to wind development
      • Capture the economic ‘added value’ of wind development for South Dakota and its citizens
      • Policy advocate
    • Associated General Contractors
    • East River Electric Power Cooperative, Inc.
    • Missouri River Energy Services
    • Rural Learning Center
    • Rushmore Electric Power Cooperative, Inc.
    • SD Corn Council
    • SD Electric Utility Companies
    • SD Farm Bureau
    • SD Farmers Union
    • SD Rural Electric Association
    Core Members
  • Goals
    • Enabling wind development
    • Forum for diverse wind interests
    • Seeking solutions
  • Blueprint for South Dakota Wind Development
    • What is it?
      • Fresh look with a forward view
      • Solicit ideas and views
      • Define solutions
    • How?
      • Wind forums
        • Clear Lake: April 16, 2009
        • Freeman: April 17, 2009
        • Murdo: April 22, 2009
      • More to come . . . . . .
  • Blueprint for South Dakota Wind Development
    • Blueprint Goal
      • Develop a profile of:
        • Needed initiatives
        • New or modified public policy
        • Resources required
        • And . . . . . . Other
    • Blueprint Schedule
      • Complete during 2009
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  • State Wind Resource Potential
    • 1. North Dakota 1210 11. Colorado 481
    • 2. Texas 1190 12. New Mexico 435
    • 3. Kansas 1070 13. Idaho 73
    • 4. South Dakota 1030 14. Michigan 65
    • 5. Montana 1020 15. New York 62
    • 6. Nebraska 868 16. Illinois 61
    • 7. Wyoming 747 17. California 59
    • 8. Oklahoma 725 18. Wisconsin 56
    • 9. Minnesota 657 19. Maine 56
    • 10. Iowa 551 20. Missouri 52
            • Data: Pacific Northwest Laboratories
    (Billions of kWh)
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  • South Dakota Electric Demand
    • About 3,000 megawatts
    • Current installed wind: 250 megawatts
    2,933 MW 12,651 MW 42,289 MW 2006 EIA Data: Summer Capability
  • #2 Buyer?
  • Drivers for Wind Development
    • Hedges risk of renewable portfolio standard and/or carbon tax or cap
    • No fuel costs
    • No emissions / no wastes requiring disposal
    • Provides income to landowners (economic development in rural South Dakota) and to investors
    • Requires no water
  • Challenges in Wind Development
    • Wind is an energy resource only, cannot schedule, difficult to predict
    • Short-term rate impact
    • Cost, need, and timing of major transmission additions
    • Market access
    • Siting
    • Environmental issues
    • Long-term equipment availability – maintenance
  • Challenges with Wind Development
    • Variable and non-dispatchable
      • Must be supplemented with constant sources
    • Wind in remote areas
      • Expansive new transmission needed
    • “ Not in my backyard” siting issues
    • Seams agreements or national policy needed
    • Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS)
  • Transmission and Markets
  • Exporting of Wind Powered Generation
    • Federal legislation
    • Transmission
    • State legislation
  • Transmission Facilities
  • Market Price
  • To Scale Height Comparison Produced by Midwest ISO 500 kV-DC 116’ 800 kV-DC 138’ 765 kV-AC 133’ 345 kV-AC 88’ 500 kV-AC 103’ 50m Wind Turbine 164’ 92’ 80m Wind Turbine 262’ 151’ 100m Wind Turbine 328’ 164’ Made by JT
  • National Transmission Grid Why extra high voltage?
  • Landowner and Wind Rights Issues
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  • Community Wind Development
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  • Wind Installed Capacity
  • Jobs Development and Education for Support of Industry and South Dakota
  • Windy Rural Areas Need Economic Development
  • Economic Development Impacts
    • Land Lease Payments
      • 2 - 3% of gross revenue $2,500- $4,000/MW/year
    • Local property tax revenue
      • Ranges widely - $300K-$1,700K /yr per 100MW
    • 100-200 jobs/100MW during construction
    • 6-10 permanent O&M jobs per 100 MW
    • Local construction and service industry
      • Concrete, towers usually done locally
  • Direct Jobs and Parts During Construction Construction Management and support Earth moving, cement pouring Truck drivers, crane operators Wind Turbine Components
  • Indirect Jobs, Services, Materials Steel mill jobs, parts, services Photos: E.C.Levy, Inc, Detroit, MI Financing, banking, accounting Wind subcomponent manufacturing and sales Property taxes
  • Induced Jobs, Services, Materials
    • Child care, grocery store, clothing, other retail, public transit, new cars, restaurants, medical services
  • South Dakota Wind Energy Center
    • 40.5 MW (1.5-MW turbines)
    • Landowner payments: $3,500-$4,000/year
    • 100 – 125 workers during peak construction
    • 3 fulltime O&M positions
    • Property taxes: $220,000/year
    • Sales and use tax: $1.2 million payable in 2003
    • Located near Highmore, SD (population 808)
    • Owned by FPL Energy
    • Constructed in 2003
  • Soaring Demand Spurs Expansion of U.S. Wind Turbine Manufacturing Note: Map is not intended to be exhaustive
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  • Key Themes Transmission Markets Community Wind Job Creation Education Opportunities Landowner Wind Rights
  • Where Do We Go From Here . . . .
    • Go to: www.sdwind.org
    • Become a Member
    • Individual Advocate Member: Free
    Invitation
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