Sdwea Blueprint Forum April12 Revised (2)

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Blueprint for South Dakota Wind Development.

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  • Sdwea Blueprint Forum April12 Revised (2)

    1. 1. Wind Blueprint Forum April 2009
    2. 2. South Dakota Wind Energy Association <ul><li>Organized January 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Purposes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide a forum for education, research, and reliable information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serve as a ‘clearinghouse’ for new ideas, challenges, and barriers to wind development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capture the economic ‘added value’ of wind development for South Dakota and its citizens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Policy advocate </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Associated General Contractors </li></ul><ul><li>East River Electric Power Cooperative, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>Missouri River Energy Services </li></ul><ul><li>Rural Learning Center </li></ul><ul><li>Rushmore Electric Power Cooperative, Inc. </li></ul><ul><li>SD Corn Council </li></ul><ul><li>SD Electric Utility Companies </li></ul><ul><li>SD Farm Bureau </li></ul><ul><li>SD Farmers Union </li></ul><ul><li>SD Rural Electric Association </li></ul>Core Members
    4. 4. Goals <ul><li>Enabling wind development </li></ul><ul><li>Forum for diverse wind interests </li></ul><ul><li>Seeking solutions </li></ul>
    5. 5. Blueprint for South Dakota Wind Development <ul><li>What is it? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fresh look with a forward view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Solicit ideas and views </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define solutions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind forums </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Clear Lake: April 16, 2009 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Freeman: April 17, 2009 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Murdo: April 22, 2009 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More to come . . . . . . </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Blueprint for South Dakota Wind Development <ul><li>Blueprint Goal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop a profile of: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Needed initiatives </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>New or modified public policy </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Resources required </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>And . . . . . . Other </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Blueprint Schedule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete during 2009 </li></ul></ul>
    7. 8. State Wind Resource Potential <ul><li>1. North Dakota 1210 11. Colorado 481 </li></ul><ul><li>2. Texas 1190 12. New Mexico 435 </li></ul><ul><li>3. Kansas 1070 13. Idaho 73 </li></ul><ul><li>4. South Dakota 1030 14. Michigan 65 </li></ul><ul><li>5. Montana 1020 15. New York 62 </li></ul><ul><li>6. Nebraska 868 16. Illinois 61 </li></ul><ul><li>7. Wyoming 747 17. California 59 </li></ul><ul><li>8. Oklahoma 725 18. Wisconsin 56 </li></ul><ul><li>9. Minnesota 657 19. Maine 56 </li></ul><ul><li>10. Iowa 551 20. Missouri 52 </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Data: Pacific Northwest Laboratories </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>(Billions of kWh)
    8. 10. South Dakota Electric Demand <ul><li>About 3,000 megawatts </li></ul><ul><li>Current installed wind: 250 megawatts </li></ul>2,933 MW 12,651 MW 42,289 MW 2006 EIA Data: Summer Capability
    9. 11. #2 Buyer?
    10. 12. Drivers for Wind Development <ul><li>Hedges risk of renewable portfolio standard and/or carbon tax or cap </li></ul><ul><li>No fuel costs </li></ul><ul><li>No emissions / no wastes requiring disposal </li></ul><ul><li>Provides income to landowners (economic development in rural South Dakota) and to investors </li></ul><ul><li>Requires no water </li></ul>
    11. 13. Challenges in Wind Development <ul><li>Wind is an energy resource only, cannot schedule, difficult to predict </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term rate impact </li></ul><ul><li>Cost, need, and timing of major transmission additions </li></ul><ul><li>Market access </li></ul><ul><li>Siting </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental issues </li></ul><ul><li>Long-term equipment availability – maintenance </li></ul>
    12. 14. Challenges with Wind Development <ul><li>Variable and non-dispatchable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be supplemented with constant sources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wind in remote areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expansive new transmission needed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Not in my backyard” siting issues </li></ul><ul><li>Seams agreements or national policy needed </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable Portfolio Standards (RPS) </li></ul>
    13. 15. Transmission and Markets
    14. 16. Exporting of Wind Powered Generation <ul><li>Federal legislation </li></ul><ul><li>Transmission </li></ul><ul><li>State legislation </li></ul>
    15. 17. Transmission Facilities
    16. 18. Market Price
    17. 19. To Scale Height Comparison Produced by Midwest ISO 500 kV-DC 116’ 800 kV-DC 138’ 765 kV-AC 133’ 345 kV-AC 88’ 500 kV-AC 103’ 50m Wind Turbine 164’ 92’ 80m Wind Turbine 262’ 151’ 100m Wind Turbine 328’ 164’ Made by JT
    18. 20. National Transmission Grid Why extra high voltage?
    19. 21. Landowner and Wind Rights Issues
    20. 23. Community Wind Development
    21. 25. Wind Installed Capacity
    22. 26. Jobs Development and Education for Support of Industry and South Dakota
    23. 27. Windy Rural Areas Need Economic Development
    24. 28. Economic Development Impacts <ul><li>Land Lease Payments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 - 3% of gross revenue $2,500- $4,000/MW/year </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local property tax revenue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ranges widely - $300K-$1,700K /yr per 100MW </li></ul></ul><ul><li>100-200 jobs/100MW during construction </li></ul><ul><li>6-10 permanent O&M jobs per 100 MW </li></ul><ul><li>Local construction and service industry </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concrete, towers usually done locally </li></ul></ul>
    25. 29. Direct Jobs and Parts During Construction Construction Management and support Earth moving, cement pouring Truck drivers, crane operators Wind Turbine Components
    26. 30. Indirect Jobs, Services, Materials Steel mill jobs, parts, services Photos: E.C.Levy, Inc, Detroit, MI Financing, banking, accounting Wind subcomponent manufacturing and sales Property taxes
    27. 31. Induced Jobs, Services, Materials <ul><li>Child care, grocery store, clothing, other retail, public transit, new cars, restaurants, medical services </li></ul>
    28. 32. South Dakota Wind Energy Center <ul><li>40.5 MW (1.5-MW turbines) </li></ul><ul><li>Landowner payments: $3,500-$4,000/year </li></ul><ul><li>100 – 125 workers during peak construction </li></ul><ul><li>3 fulltime O&M positions </li></ul><ul><li>Property taxes: $220,000/year </li></ul><ul><li>Sales and use tax: $1.2 million payable in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>Located near Highmore, SD (population 808) </li></ul><ul><li>Owned by FPL Energy </li></ul><ul><li>Constructed in 2003 </li></ul>
    29. 33. Soaring Demand Spurs Expansion of U.S. Wind Turbine Manufacturing Note: Map is not intended to be exhaustive
    30. 44. Key Themes Transmission Markets Community Wind Job Creation Education Opportunities Landowner Wind Rights
    31. 45. Where Do We Go From Here . . . .
    32. 46. <ul><li>Go to: www.sdwind.org </li></ul><ul><li>Become a Member </li></ul><ul><li>Individual Advocate Member: Free </li></ul>Invitation

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