Autism is a developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 years of life, and affects the brains normal development of social and communication skills. By: Brittany Allen
Early signs of Autism Delayed or lack of speech. Repetitive movement of body such as Arms, and head. Impaired social skills. Interest in activities or play. Seldom eye contact with others.
Children and Autism Autism effects boys 3-4 times more then girls. Family income, education, and lifestyle dont seem to effect the risk of autism. Exact number of children living with autism is not known.
Related Developmental Disorder Asperger Syndrome (similar to autism but with normal language development). Rett Syndrome(Very different from autism, and only occurs in females). Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (Rare condition where a child learns skills, then looses them by age 10). Pervasive Developmental Disorder (Also called typical autism).
Symptoms Children with difficulties Some children appear usually have trouble with: normal before the age of 1 Pretend play. or 2 and then suddenly Social interactions “regress” and lose Verbal and non-verbal language or social skills. communication. When they loose these Usually it is not noticed skills at the age of 1 or 2 it that the child has is called the regressive something wrong until type of autism. they are at the age of 18 Some people with autism months old. may also be sensitive to Help is usually not seeked sight, hearing, touch, until the child is about 2 smell, or taste. years of age.
Social Interaction Very withdrawn. Does not play interactive games well with others. Is not very good at making friends. Does not respond very well with eye contact or smiles and almost always avoids eye contact. Shows a lack of empathy. Prefers to spend time by themselves, rather then with others.
Play and Behavior Play: Does not imitate others. Prefers solitary or ritualistic play. Does not pretend play. Does not imaginative play. Behavior: Acts up. Short attention span. Strong need for sameness. Narrow interests.
Signs and Tests Babbling by 12 months. Gesturing by 12 months (Pointing or waving). Saying single words by 16 months. Saying two-word spontaneous phrases by 24 months. Losing any language or social skills at any age. These children should receive a hearing test, blood/lead test, and screening test since they show signs of autism.
MedicineMedicines are often Aggressionused to treat behavior Anxietyor emotional that Attention Problems Hyperactivitypeople with autism may Irritabilityhave, including: Mood Swings Sleep difficulty....etc.
Treatment Treatment is most successful when it is applied toward the childs needs. An experienced team should design the treatment for that particular childs needs. Those programs include: ABA (applied Behavior Analysis). Medications depending on the behavior. Occupational therapy. Physical Therapy. Speech-language therapy.
Response to Sensory Information Does not get startled or get unfocused by loud noises. Has low senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell or taste. May stay away from physical contact because it is overwhelming or to hard to handle/take in. Rubs surfaces, mouth, or licks objects. Has a high tolerance for pain.
Diet It has been shown that some children with autism react well to gluten-free foods. Gluten is found in foods that have wheat, rye, and barley. Not all studies have been proven that a diet change works to help people with autism, but it has been shown that it helps!
References Autismsupport.dmum.org Http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002494/ Google images