Autismpowerpoint 110314221843-phpapp01

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Autismpowerpoint 110314221843-phpapp01

  1. 1. Autism is a developmental disorder that appears in the first 3 years of life, and affects the brains normal development of social and communication skills. By: Brittany Allen
  2. 2. Early signs of Autism  Delayed or lack of speech.  Repetitive movement of body such as Arms, and head.  Impaired social skills.  Interest in activities or play.  Seldom eye contact with others.
  3. 3. Children and Autism  Autism effects boys 3-4 times more then girls.  Family income, education, and lifestyle dont seem to effect the risk of autism.  Exact number of children living with autism is not known.
  4. 4. Related Developmental Disorder Asperger Syndrome (similar to autism but with normal language development). Rett Syndrome(Very different from autism, and only occurs in females). Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (Rare condition where a child learns skills, then looses them by age 10). Pervasive Developmental Disorder (Also called typical autism).
  5. 5. Symptoms Children with difficulties  Some children appear usually have trouble with: normal before the age of 1 Pretend play. or 2 and then suddenly Social interactions “regress” and lose Verbal and non-verbal language or social skills. communication.  When they loose these Usually it is not noticed skills at the age of 1 or 2 it that the child has is called the regressive something wrong until type of autism. they are at the age of 18  Some people with autism months old. may also be sensitive to Help is usually not seeked sight, hearing, touch, until the child is about 2 smell, or taste. years of age.
  6. 6. Social Interaction  Very withdrawn.  Does not play interactive games well with others.  Is not very good at making friends.  Does not respond very well with eye contact or smiles and almost always avoids eye contact.  Shows a lack of empathy.  Prefers to spend time by themselves, rather then with others.
  7. 7. I canttellyouhow Ifeel
  8. 8. Play and Behavior Play: Does not imitate others. Prefers solitary or ritualistic play. Does not pretend play. Does not imaginative play. Behavior: Acts up. Short attention span. Strong need for sameness. Narrow interests.
  9. 9. Signs and Tests  Babbling by 12 months.  Gesturing by 12 months (Pointing or waving).  Saying single words by 16 months.  Saying two-word spontaneous phrases by 24 months.  Losing any language or social skills at any age.  These children should receive a hearing test, blood/lead test, and screening test since they show signs of autism.
  10. 10. All I can do is be me!
  11. 11. MedicineMedicines are often  Aggressionused to treat behavior  Anxietyor emotional that  Attention Problems  Hyperactivitypeople with autism may  Irritabilityhave, including:  Mood Swings  Sleep difficulty....etc.
  12. 12. Treatment Treatment is most successful when it is applied toward the childs needs. An experienced team should design the treatment for that particular childs needs. Those programs include: ABA (applied Behavior Analysis). Medications depending on the behavior. Occupational therapy. Physical Therapy. Speech-language therapy.
  13. 13. Response to Sensory Information  Does not get startled or get unfocused by loud noises.  Has low senses of sight, hearing, touch, smell or taste.  May stay away from physical contact because it is overwhelming or to hard to handle/take in.  Rubs surfaces, mouth, or licks objects.  Has a high tolerance for pain.
  14. 14. Diet  It has been shown that some children with autism react well to gluten-free foods.  Gluten is found in foods that have wheat, rye, and barley.  Not all studies have been proven that a diet change works to help people with autism, but it has been shown that it helps!
  15. 15. References Autismsupport.dmum.org Http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002494/ Google images

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