PTSD, Stress, Secondary Trauma & Compassion Fatigue: 14 Steps That Help

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PTSD, stress, secondary trauma (vicarious trauma) and compassion fatigue represent a serious problem for people who care for, hear about or witness the intense suffering of others. Ultimately, this can lead to burnout. Several professions are at high risk including physicians, attorneys, nurses, psychologists, counselors, social workers, hospice workers, adult and child protective service workers. Those who care for people in nursing homes and those who care for patients at home are also at risk. Families who care for suffering relatives are particularly vulnerable to these problems.
This information outlines 14 steps that can be taken to increase resilience to this form of stress. Two effective approaches are underscored for desensitizing traumatic stress and calming the emotional midbrain. The presentation provides links to information that explains the nature of the problem and offers practical self-help interventions.

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PTSD, Stress, Secondary Trauma & Compassion Fatigue: 14 Steps That Help

  1. 1. PTSD Stress Secondary Trauma Compassion Fatigue 14 Steps That Help 14 Steps That Help Steve B. Reed, LPC, LMSW, LMFT 1 www.psychotherapy-center.com
  2. 2. Stress Level Limit Stress Goes Here Psychological Coping Container Whether your capacity for containing stress is small, medium or large, everyone has their limit. www.psychotherapy-center.com 2
  3. 3. Two Types of Stress Routine Stress Both Adversely Effect Functioning 0--------------6---------10 Traumatic Stress 0-----------------7------10 www.psychotherapy-center.com 3
  4. 4. Traumatic Stress Is too Intense To Handle Routed Into the Bottom of the Coping Container 0-----------------7------10 www.psychotherapy-center.com www.remapinstitute.org 4
  5. 5. Traumatic Stress Compartmentalized for Long-Term Storage Does Not Heal Remains Painful 0-----------------7------10 www.psychotherapy-center.com www.remapinstitute.org 5
  6. 6. Routine Stress 0--------------6---------10 With Enough Time, It Can Evaporate, Work its way out 0-----------------7------10 www.psychotherapy-center.com www.remapinstitute.org 6
  7. 7. Routine Stress 0--------------6---------10 Too Much, Too Soon Leads to Spillover Loss of Containment Overwhelm – Panic It Feels Traumatic Video – 2 min. 0-----------------7------10 http://www.psychotherapycenter.com/Panic_Attack_Treatment.html 7
  8. 8. Emotional Midbrain • When traumatized or when we • Hit cumulative stress overwhelm • The midbrain (amygdala) is imprinted • With threatening and benign data • The alarm is then set and • Triggered by any trauma remainder • Causing a fight, flight or freeze reflex Midbrain Intro http://www.psychotherapy-center.com/Two_Brains--How_REMAP_Can_Help.html Video # 5 on the Midbrain – 11 min. http://www.psychotherapy-center.com/video_page.html PTSD Symptoms http://www.psychotherapy-center.com/post_traumatic_stress_disorder.html 8
  9. 9. Secondary Trauma Viewers of 9-11 Media Coverage Develop Secondary PTSD Trauma resulting from caring for, hearing about or witnessing the intense suffering of others. Over time, the cumulative effect can result in an internalization of trauma, leading to compassion fatigue or burnout. 9 www.psychotherapy-center.com
  10. 10. 12 Ways to Increase Resilience to Stress & Secondary Trauma www.psychotherapy-center.com 10
  11. 11. Boost Coping Capacity Speed Up Offloading Stress www.psychotherapy-center.com 11
  12. 12. Walk Laugh Sleep Recreation Social Support Media Diet TV www.psychotherapy-center.com 6 Healthy Habits 12
  13. 13. 3 Ways to Manage the Mind Change Your Expectations Expect = Get Expect = Get Develop a Positive Filter Look for What’s to Like – Attitude of Gratitude Let the ANTs Go Automatic Negative Thoughts http://www.psychotherapy-center.com/cognitive-behavioral-therapy.html 13
  14. 14. 3 Daily Mind-Body Practices Stress-Relieving Breathing Video # 1 – 11 min. Intro. Video # 2 – 6.5 min. Exercise http://www.psychotherapy-center.com/video_page.html Mindfulness Video # 3 – 7 min. Intro. Video # 4 – 7.5 min. Exercise http://www.psychotherapy-center.com/video_page.html Quick REMAP Video # 6 – 11 min. http://www.psychotherapy-center.com/video_page.html 14
  15. 15. Professional Help – 2 Ways To Heal Trauma Clean Out the Container www.psychotherapy-center.com 15
  16. 16. Effective PTSD Treatment  EMDR http://www.psychotherapy-center.com/emdr.html  REMAP http://www.psychotherapy-center.com/Quick_REMAP_Page.html Useful in Healing the Midbrain 16
  17. 17. More Links to Info. & Articles Article: Overcoming a Firefighter’s Trauma Case Study http://www.psychotherapy-center.com/REMAP_Case_Study-Firefighter_Trauma.html SlideShare: PTSD War Trauma Treatment Case Studies SlideShare : Treating Domestic Violence PTSD Case Study http://www.psychotherapy-center.com/post_traumatic_stress_disorder.html Article: Soothing the Sympathetic Nervous System -- REMAP Research http://www.psychotherapy-center.com/remap-HRV_research1.html 17
  18. 18. Steve B. Reed, LPC, LMSW, LMFT Please Share & Like On Social Media www.psychotherapy-center.com stevereed@psychotherapy-center.com 18

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