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ULTRAFAST OPTICAL NETWORKS.
Introduction to PhotonEx: Agenda <ul><li>Objectives & Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>PhotonEx – Who We Are & What We Stand...
Who is … <ul><li>“ The Ultrafast Optical Networking Company ” </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient High-Capacity Transmission </li>...
PhotonEx Corporation <ul><li>Incorporated September 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>$8M first round, November 1999 </li></ul><ul><l...
Who is … “ The Ultrafast Optical Networking Company ” <ul><li>Experienced players </li></ul><ul><li>  Lucent  MCI WorldCom...
Who is … <ul><ul><li>Kristin Rauschenbach, Ph.D.  – Chief Executive Officer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Former Member M...
PhotonEx Development Team Hardware & Test RF Electronics Network  Management Software Optics Physical Design A world-class...
PhotonEx Advisors & External Directors <ul><li>Director, Hassan Ahmed   President & CEO, Sonus Networks  </li></ul><ul><ul...
Introduction to PhotonEx: Agenda <ul><li>Objectives & Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>PhotonEx – Who We Are & What We Stand...
PhotonEx™ Evolution of Backbone Network Equipment Optical Switch Mesh Optical Packet Switching <ul><li>Best-in-Class Capac...
PhotonExpress™ High Level Architecture Service & Network Management Software UltraFast Express Trunk™  Interface Optical M...
PhotonExpress™ High Level Architecture Optical Packet Processor UltraFast Express Trunk™  Interface Optical Mux / Demux Lo...
PhotonFlex™ High Level Architecture Optical Packet Switch Service & Network Management Software Optical Mux / Demux Optica...
PhotonExpress™ Multiple Upgrade Options for your Network Enabling the “Data Aware” Backbone PhotonExpress™ 40 Gb/sec per c...
Introduction to PhotonEx: Agenda <ul><li>Objectives & Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>PhotonEx – Who We Are & What We Stand...
Regional UltraPOP <ul><li>Ultra long haul </li></ul><ul><li>Ultra high capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Ultra high capacity cros...
Backbone Optical Networking Evolution: Near Term – Point-to-Point <ul><li>Best-in-Class channel speeds, capacity, & reach ...
PhotonEx  PhotonExpress™  Capabilities Delivering on the needs <ul><li>Ultrafast, long-reach single channel bit rates </li...
Meeting the Bandwidth Challenge Building the Scaleable Backbone * Source – Ryan  Hankin  Kent, Jan-2000 12x increase * P...
Efficient Solutions: Footprint Multi-terabit solutions in a much smaller footprint   DWDM Terminal (1.6 Tbps – with transp...
Efficient Solutions:  Bandwidth  Best-in-Class Transport Efficiency (Bandwidth, Reach & Footprint) 0 200,000 400,000 600,0...
The  PhotonExpress™  Advantage The Values of Spectral Efficiency – Service Revenue Opportunities PhotonExpress SONET Photo...
The  PhotonExpress™  Advantage The Values of Spectral Efficiency – Core Network Scalability PhotonExpress 10 Tbps Optical ...
Building Real Optical Networks Can OXC Devices Keep Pace with DWDM Channel Counts? 20 Tb/sec Optical Office: 6 OXC, ~18 ra...
The  PhotonExpress™  Advantage Values of Spectral Efficiency – Core Network Scalability 40  40  40  40  40  40  40G ...
Network Management Features <ul><li>Expected Features: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Point&Click” provisioning & management </li></u...
The  PhotonExpress™  Advantage Enabling economical, flexible, high-density networking Traditional  WDM 2 Tb/s 100 Gb/s Pho...
Future Competitive Landscape Ultra High Capacity & Ultra Long-Haul DWDM (2001) 1600/ 3200 1600 800 1600 3200 1120 tbd 800 ...
The  PhotonExpress™  Difference The Solution for Backbone Network Optimization <ul><ul><li>Long-Haul Transport Efficiency:...
Who is … <ul><li>“ The Ultrafast Optical Networking Company ” </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient High-Capacity Transmission </li>...
 
Backbone Optical Networking Evolution: Intermediate Term – Optical Switch Mesh <ul><li>Distributed Restoration </li></ul>S...
Backbone Optical Networking Evolution: Future – Optical Packet Switching <ul><li>Dynamic Network Provisioning </li></ul><u...
Enabling the Optical Packet Network Layer 2/3 Switching & Restoration Long-Haul Transport & Optical Packet Switching (40 +...
The  PhotonExpress™  Advantage Initial Cost Analysis Parameters Hub Node A Hub Node C Hub Node B A/D X 1 A/D X 2 A/D X 3 A...
Optical Packet Switching Characteristics <ul><li>Signaling, Control Plane choices are key </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IETF and O...
Why Consider Optical Packet Switching? <ul><li>Network demand is being driven by IP packets </li></ul><ul><li>Lambda-only ...
PhotonExpress™ The Evolution of Backbone Optical Networking Optical Switch Mesh Optical Packet Switching <ul><li>UltraFast...
Initial Protection & Restoration Options Router 0:1 SR Router 1.6 Tbps Tx, Rx fibers (2) Router 0:1 SR Router 1.6 Tbps Tx,...
Survivability  Point-to-Point: optical 1+1 APS Protection Terabit optical link … .. OC-48/192, STM16/64 Optical line ampli...
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  1. 1. ULTRAFAST OPTICAL NETWORKS.
  2. 2. Introduction to PhotonEx: Agenda <ul><li>Objectives & Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>PhotonEx – Who We Are & What We Stand For </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deep Experience & Strategic Leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network Evolution Paths </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Issues & Solutions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bandwidth & Services – changing network topologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PhotonEx Revolutionary Solution </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Who is … <ul><li>“ The Ultrafast Optical Networking Company ” </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient High-Capacity Transmission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost-per-bit, Footprint </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ultra-Fast, Ultra-Long-Haul Bandwidth </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Path to “Optical Internet” </li></ul><ul><li>A World Class Team, laying the tracks for the All-Optical Packet Network </li></ul>
  4. 4. PhotonEx Corporation <ul><li>Incorporated September 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>$8M first round, November 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>Matrix Partners, North Bridge Venture Partners </li></ul><ul><li>90 Employees, growing rapidly </li></ul><ul><li>33,000 sq.ft. office/lab in Bedford, MA </li></ul>
  5. 5. Who is … “ The Ultrafast Optical Networking Company ” <ul><li>Experienced players </li></ul><ul><li> Lucent MCI WorldCom Nortel MIT–Lincoln Lab </li></ul><ul><li> Bay Networks Ciena Wellfleet Cascade </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>more than 700 years of combined industry experience </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>over 100 patents, 300 published papers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Industry leadership in optical & data networking: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ultra high speed optical transport technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>advanced optical networking carrier products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>industry leading, carrier-grade IP router products </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Who is … <ul><ul><li>Kristin Rauschenbach, Ph.D. – Chief Executive Officer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Former Member MIT Lincoln Lab Steering Committee and Assoc. Division Head of Information and Communications Systems Division </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Created & led the MIT Lincoln Labs Advanced Networks Group </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6 patents & 45 published papers in optical networking </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Katie Hall, Ph.D. – Chief Technical Officer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Former Group Leader of the Advanced Networks Group </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pioneering research in high-speed, long-reach optics technology </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>8 patents & 100 published papers in high-speed optics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nanying Yin, Ph.D. – Exec. Vice President, Product Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Former Director of the Core Router Group at Nortel Networks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Initiated & led development of Nortel Carrier Core Router </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>– Versalar 25000 ® </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>20 patents & 20 published papers in data networking </li></ul></ul></ul>Founding the company:
  7. 7. PhotonEx Development Team Hardware & Test RF Electronics Network Management Software Optics Physical Design A world-class team, 90 strong, and growing… <ul><li>Industry Leaders </li></ul><ul><li>Recognized Pioneers </li></ul><ul><li>11 PhDs </li></ul><ul><li>Product design experience </li></ul><ul><li>Line Card-Chassis </li></ul><ul><li>Novel Optical Circuit Pack Realization </li></ul><ul><li>“ Carrier-Class” System Realization </li></ul><ul><li>Complex Board Design </li></ul><ul><li>Board and System-level Diag and Test </li></ul><ul><li>>25 Past Product Developments </li></ul><ul><li>Unique design expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Space-qualified System design & “Field” </li></ul><ul><li>Network Management Architectures for Carriers </li></ul><ul><li>Carrier operations </li></ul><ul><li>experience </li></ul><ul><li>GUI Development </li></ul><ul><li>Embedded Operating Systems </li></ul><ul><li>Routers/Switches </li></ul><ul><li>SONET </li></ul><ul><li>IP Protocols </li></ul>
  8. 8. PhotonEx Advisors & External Directors <ul><li>Director, Hassan Ahmed President & CEO, Sonus Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>former Exec. VP/GM, Ascend </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Director, Paul Severino Former President & CEO, Wellfleet/Bay Chairman, NetCentric </li></ul><ul><li>Director, Tim Barrows General Partner, Matrix VP </li></ul><ul><li>Director, Jeff McCarthy General Partner, North Bridge VP </li></ul><ul><li>Advisor, Cheng Wu CEO, Founder, ArrowPoint </li></ul><ul><li>Advisor, Steve Finn Former CEO, Founder, Bytex </li></ul><ul><li>Advisor, Gary Vacon CEO, Founder, NetICs </li></ul><ul><li>Advisor, Hermann Haus Institute Professor, MIT </li></ul><ul><li>Advisor, Erich Ippen Professor, MIT, President OSA </li></ul>
  9. 9. Introduction to PhotonEx: Agenda <ul><li>Objectives & Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>PhotonEx – Who We Are & What We Stand For </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deep Experience & Strategic Leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network Evolution Paths </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Issues & Solutions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bandwidth & Services – changing network topologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PhotonEx Revolutionary Solution </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. PhotonEx™ Evolution of Backbone Network Equipment Optical Switch Mesh Optical Packet Switching <ul><li>Best-in-Class Capacity & Distance </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient: Cost and Footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Point & Click Provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>Beta: Aug. 2001, 1.6Tb/s </li></ul>PhotonExpress SONET PhotonExpress Point to Point <ul><li>Fast Provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed Restoration </li></ul><ul><li>All-Optical Packet Network </li></ul><ul><li>Real-time Provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>Novel Services </li></ul>SONET Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Photon Flex Photon Flex Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP
  11. 11. PhotonExpress™ High Level Architecture Service & Network Management Software UltraFast Express Trunk™ Interface Optical Mux / Demux Low Speed Interfaces OC48 OC48c OC192 OC192c 10GbE 1.6 Tb/sec
  12. 12. PhotonExpress™ High Level Architecture Optical Packet Processor UltraFast Express Trunk™ Interface Optical Mux / Demux Low Speed Interfaces OC48 OC48c OC192 OC192c 10GbE 1.6 Tb/sec Service & Network Management Software
  13. 13. PhotonFlex™ High Level Architecture Optical Packet Switch Service & Network Management Software Optical Mux / Demux Optical Mux / Demux Optical Mux / Demux Optical Mux / Demux
  14. 14. PhotonExpress™ Multiple Upgrade Options for your Network Enabling the “Data Aware” Backbone PhotonExpress™ 40 Gb/sec per channel 1.6 Tb/sec per fiber (C-Band) 80 + Gb/sec per channel 3.2 Tb/sec per fiber (C+L Bands) Optical Packet Processing & Switching Turning up the Line Speed Squeezing more Capacity into the Fiber Laying tracks for the “All Optical Packet Network”
  15. 15. Introduction to PhotonEx: Agenda <ul><li>Objectives & Expectations </li></ul><ul><li>PhotonEx – Who We Are & What We Stand For </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deep Experience & Strategic Leadership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network Evolution Paths </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Issues & Solutions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bandwidth & Services – changing network topologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PhotonEx Revolutionary Solution </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Regional UltraPOP <ul><li>Ultra long haul </li></ul><ul><li>Ultra high capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Ultra high capacity cross-connect </li></ul><ul><li>Simplified, seamless network management </li></ul><ul><li>Future: Packet provisioning </li></ul>Framework for the Internet Backbone --Today How to scale network capacity and provide new services? In the Future
  17. 17. Backbone Optical Networking Evolution: Near Term – Point-to-Point <ul><li>Best-in-Class channel speeds, capacity, & reach </li></ul><ul><li>50%+ space savings over traditional DWDM </li></ul><ul><li>Flexible, economic add/drop for manageable networking </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid service turn-up via simple point & click provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>Foundation for the All-Optical Packet Network </li></ul><ul><li>40 + Gb/sec Channel Speed </li></ul><ul><li>1.6 + Tb/sec Fiber Capacity </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-megameter Reach </li></ul><ul><li>Low Speed Interfaces: </li></ul><ul><li>OC-48, OC48c, </li></ul><ul><li>OC-192, OC-192c, 10 GbE </li></ul>Core Routers & SONET ADMs Core Routers & SONET ADMs PhotonExpress™ PhotonExpress™ SONET ADM SONET ADM
  18. 18. PhotonEx PhotonExpress™ Capabilities Delivering on the needs <ul><li>Ultrafast, long-reach single channel bit rates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Express Trunking” at 40 Gb/s channel rates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-wavelength capable – for multi-terabit scalability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost-effective, multi-megameter reach for UltraPOP interconnect </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Backbone network optimization </li></ul><ul><ul><li>World class spectral efficiency for multi-terabit transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IP-Optimized™ – for maximum network efficiency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>built to capitalize on the characteristics of IP traffic </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>targeted at long-haul WAN solution across UltraPOPs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networking flexibility: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>mesh & add/drop topologies combined with ultra-long reach </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Seamless network management </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Service & transport network operations, maintenance & provisioning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Self-provisioning for instant network bandwidth allocation </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Meeting the Bandwidth Challenge Building the Scaleable Backbone * Source – Ryan  Hankin  Kent, Jan-2000 12x increase * PhotonEx– PhotonExpress™ PhotonEx– IP Optimized™ Traditional DWDM
  20. 20. Efficient Solutions: Footprint Multi-terabit solutions in a much smaller footprint DWDM Terminal (1.6 Tbps – with transponders) PhotonExpress™ Solution (1.6 Tbps) VS. ~50% Footprint Savings over Traditional DWDM approaches 1.6 Tb/s Footprint
  21. 21. Efficient Solutions: Bandwidth Best-in-Class Transport Efficiency (Bandwidth, Reach & Footprint) 0 200,000 400,000 600,000 800,000 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Km-Gbps per Equipment Rack PhotonEx– PhotonExpress™ >5X Transport Efficiency Gain PhotonEx– IP Optimized™ Traditional DWDM
  22. 22. The PhotonExpress™ Advantage The Values of Spectral Efficiency – Service Revenue Opportunities PhotonExpress SONET PhotonExpress SONET Alternative Long-Haul DWDM SONET Alternative Long-Haul DWDM SONET up to 3.2 Tbps per fiber @ 3000 km up to 1.2 Tbps per fiber @ 3000 km <ul><li>Increased Service Opportunities & Fiber Savings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Services Opportunity Savings: up to $64M per month </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>at $50K/month per OC48 service for a single fiber pair carrying 3.2 Tbps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fiber Savings: up to $50M capital installation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>for a 2,500 km route, at $60K per mile full deployment cost </li></ul></ul></ul>$ $ VS.
  23. 23. The PhotonExpress™ Advantage The Values of Spectral Efficiency – Core Network Scalability PhotonExpress 10 Tbps Optical Cross-Connect 250 x 250 ports 10 Tbps Optical Switch at 40Gbps per channel <ul><li>Enabling scalability for emerging optical cross-connect technologies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Backbone running at 40Gbps v. 10Gbps reduces the optical cross-connect fabric required by a factor of 4 or 16:1. </li></ul></ul>PhotonExpress 1000 x 1000 ports 10 Tbps Optical Switch at 10Gbps per channel 40G 40G 10 Tbps Optical Cross-Connect Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 10G 10G Alternative Long-Haul DWDM Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 10G 10G Alternative Long-Haul DWDM Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 10G 10G Alternative Long-Haul DWDM Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 10G 10G Alternative Long-Haul DWDM
  24. 24. Building Real Optical Networks Can OXC Devices Keep Pace with DWDM Channel Counts? 20 Tb/sec Optical Office: 6 OXC, ~18 racks, 2400 fibers 160  Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 32  per connection 512x512 Optical Cross-Connect 512x512 Optical Cross-Connect 512x512 Optical Cross-Connect 512x512 Optical Cross-Connect 512x512 Optical Cross-Connect 512x512 Optical Cross-Connect 160  Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 160  Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 160  Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 160  Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 160  Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 160  Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 160  Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 160  Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 160  Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 160  Alternative Long-Haul DWDM 160  Alternative Long-Haul DWDM
  25. 25. The PhotonExpress™ Advantage Values of Spectral Efficiency – Core Network Scalability 40  40  40  40  40  40  40G 40  40  40  40  40  40  512x512 Optical Cross-Connect 20 Tb/sec Optical Office: 1 OXC, ~ 3 racks, 480 fibers PhotonExpress 1.6 Tbps PhotonExpress 1.6 Tbps PhotonExpress 1.6 Tbps PhotonExpress 1.6 Tbps PhotonExpress 1.6 Tbps PhotonExpress 1.6 Tbps PhotonExpress 1.6 Tbps PhotonExpress 1.6 Tbps PhotonExpress 1.6 Tbps PhotonExpress 1.6 Tbps PhotonExpress 1.6 Tbps PhotonExpress 1.6 Tbps
  26. 26. Network Management Features <ul><li>Expected Features: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Point&Click” provisioning & management </li></ul><ul><li>TL1 Alarms & CLI </li></ul><ul><li>Web & Java Enabled </li></ul><ul><li>CORBA IDL to OSS </li></ul><ul><li>Full configuration, fault, accounting, performance & security management </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Features: </li></ul><ul><li>Platform portability & Action-oriented atomics (Enterprise Java Beans) </li></ul><ul><li>Off-line network planning with direct downloadable deployment </li></ul><ul><li>Meta-data information model </li></ul>
  27. 27. The PhotonExpress™ Advantage Enabling economical, flexible, high-density networking Traditional WDM 2 Tb/s 100 Gb/s PhotonEx 2 Tb/s 100 Gb/s X3 Long-Haul UltraFast Savings: up to 3:1
  28. 28. Future Competitive Landscape Ultra High Capacity & Ultra Long-Haul DWDM (2001) 1600/ 3200 1600 800 1600 3200 1120 tbd 800 1600 1020 Overall Fiber Capacity (C & L: Gbps) Ultra High-Speed & Ultra Long-Haul Competitors Marketplace 10 / 40 / 80 600 800 Nortel 10 600 400 Pirelli (Cisco) 40 / 80 2500 + 1600 PhotonEx 10 / 40 500 800 Lucent 10 / 40 1000 800 Alcatel 10 3400 560 Qtera (Nortel) 10 2500 400 OptiMight 2.5 3200 400 Corvis 10 5000 800 Ciena 20 1000 1020 Algety Channel Rate (Gb/sec) Reach (Km) C-Band Capacity (Gbps) Competitor
  29. 29. The PhotonExpress™ Difference The Solution for Backbone Network Optimization <ul><ul><li>Long-Haul Transport Efficiency: >5X improvement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>multi-terabit capacity and multi-megameter reach in a compact footprint </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost-Effective: up to 67% savings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>ultra-long haul reach without intra-path O-E-O regeneration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>economy of high bit rate interfaces, combined with DWDM </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space Efficiency: ~50% savings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>interconnect density improvements of ~2:1 over traditional DWDM </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ease of Operation: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>service & transport network operation, maintenance & provisioning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>integrated network planning, deployment & management </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>self-provisioning – instant bandwidth allocation on demand </li></ul></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Who is … <ul><li>“ The Ultrafast Optical Networking Company ” </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient High-Capacity Transmission </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cost-per-bit, Footprint </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ultra-Fast, Ultra-Long-Haul Bandwidth </li></ul><ul><li>Direct Path to “Optical Internet” </li></ul><ul><li>A World Class Team, laying the tracks for the All-Optical Packet Network </li></ul>
  31. 32. Backbone Optical Networking Evolution: Intermediate Term – Optical Switch Mesh <ul><li>Distributed Restoration </li></ul>SONET SONET But is this enough to scale networks to the future service & capacity demands? <ul><li>Improved Network Provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>Built on circuit-switching model </li></ul>Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP
  32. 33. Backbone Optical Networking Evolution: Future – Optical Packet Switching <ul><li>Dynamic Network Provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>Customer-Level Granularity & QOS </li></ul><ul><li>Expanded Bandwidth Services </li></ul><ul><li>Built on packet-switched model </li></ul><ul><li>Backbone IP networking (at 40 + Gb/sec channel rates) </li></ul><ul><li>Real Time Restoration </li></ul>PhotonEx Ultra Switch PhotonEx Ultra Switch Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP vs. D W D M D W D M Optical Packet Channel Optical Packet Channel “ Packets Love Big Pipes”
  33. 34. Enabling the Optical Packet Network Layer 2/3 Switching & Restoration Long-Haul Transport & Optical Packet Switching (40 + Gbps) Layer 3 Routing & Switching Optical Packet Networking Layer 1 Protection (network redundancy) >1T Optical Routing/Switching (OC12-OC192) WAN Access (T1-OC12) DWDM & SONET Transport (OC48-OC192) Remote Access Internet, VPN Optical Edge Flow Aggregation Distribution WAN Backbone Mesh RAS Packet Processing Capacity Source: Adapted from Tenor Networks 400G 40G 4G
  34. 35. The PhotonExpress™ Advantage Initial Cost Analysis Parameters Hub Node A Hub Node C Hub Node B A/D X 1 A/D X 2 A/D X 3 A/D X 4 A/D X 5 <ul><li>3 Hub Nodes (80% traffic drop) </li></ul><ul><li>6 Add/Drop Nodes (20% traffic drop) </li></ul><ul><li>75 km amplifier spacing </li></ul><ul><li>Varying Capacity Needs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>100 Gbps to 2 Tbps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Varying Transmission Loop Distances: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>500 km to 10,000 km </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Modeling based on component costs </li></ul>A/D X 6
  35. 36. Optical Packet Switching Characteristics <ul><li>Signaling, Control Plane choices are key </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IETF and ODSI models </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Drive the data and optical layer closer together </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus is a fast, scalable switch – not a router </li></ul></ul><ul><li>System will support existing bit-oriented services without compromise </li></ul>
  36. 37. Why Consider Optical Packet Switching? <ul><li>Network demand is being driven by IP packets </li></ul><ul><li>Lambda-only solutions may not be enough </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexibility, scaling, network recovery </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Customer granularity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fractional bandwidth (5 Gbps, 7.5 Gbps, 14 Gbps) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bandwidth on demand </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Per-customer restoral options </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dynamic provisioning </li></ul><ul><li>Provide new service offerings </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple priority levels yields tiered services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on bandwidth, restoral time, SLAs, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Efficiency gain through statistical multiplexing </li></ul>
  37. 38. PhotonExpress™ The Evolution of Backbone Optical Networking Optical Switch Mesh Optical Packet Switching <ul><li>UltraFast Long Haul Backbone </li></ul><ul><li>Rates & Formats Interoperability </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid Service Turn-Up via Simple Point & Click Provisioning </li></ul>SONET Point to Point <ul><li>High bandwidth interconnect </li></ul><ul><li>Faster provisioning speeds </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed network restoration </li></ul><ul><li>Built on circuit switched model </li></ul><ul><li>Extending Intranets coast to coast </li></ul><ul><li>Real time bandwidth management </li></ul><ul><li>Fastest provisioning speeds </li></ul><ul><li>Most flexible network restoration </li></ul>SONET Ultra Switch Ultra Switch Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP PhotonExpress™ PhotonExpress™ Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP Ultra POP
  38. 39. Initial Protection & Restoration Options Router 0:1 SR Router 1.6 Tbps Tx, Rx fibers (2) Router 0:1 SR Router 1.6 Tbps Tx, Rx fibers (2) 0:1 SR 0:1 SR Edge Router Edge Router Edge Router Edge Router Unprotected transport with Layer 3 Restoration 1:1 ultra-long haul link equipment and fiber (route diverse) protection Two 0:1 SR or 1.6 Tbps Tx, Rx on working fibers (2) Router Router 1:1 APS Two 0:1 SR or 1:1 APS PhotonEx PhotonEx 1+1 ultra-long haul link equipment and fiber (route diverse) protection 0:1 SR 1.6 Tbps Tx, Rx working fibers (2) protect fibers 1.6 Tbps Tx, Rx Router 0:1 SR Router PhotonEx PhotonEx
  39. 40. Survivability Point-to-Point: optical 1+1 APS Protection Terabit optical link … .. OC-48/192, STM16/64 Optical line amplifier PhotonExpress OC-48/192, STM16/64 … .. Protection Working Point-to-Point Unprotected: Client APS Protection Terabit optical link … .. Optical line amplifier … .. Router/Switch Router/Switch Router/Switch/ SONET Mux Optical 1+1 protection of 1.6 –3.2 Tbps equipment and fiber Two 1.6 –3.2 Tbps ultra-long haul links (unprotected transport) PhotonExpress PhotonExpress PhotonExpress Router/Switch/ SONET Mux Protection Working OC-48/192, STM16/64 OC-48/192, STM16/64 Protection Working
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