virtual   vanity :   sex , shopping and  reputation in  Second  Life   Open Classroom Conference Stockholm 2007 Dr Steven ...
…  or are they any ethical issues in teaching via Second Life?
what are educators interested in? <ul><li>learners and addiction (20 posts) </li></ul><ul><li>ageplay (41 posts) </li></ul...
time spent in-world <ul><li>**  </li></ul><ul><li>sleeping (2)  </li></ul><ul><li>study time (2)  </li></ul><ul><li>the se...
addiction <ul><li>“ Having set up an island and been poking around SL for a while, I find I am becoming somewhat addicted....
avatars, appearance and identity
“ You know I resisted writing this for the longest time but after two educators flew into our island yesterday with their ...
identity confusion <ul><li>“ Alts used in various roleplaying environments, mainly. Funny name combinations  that pop up t...
authentic learners? <ul><li>what is the effect of identity play and performativity on learning? </li></ul><ul><li>in learn...
immersion, empathy and affect <ul><li>“ Twice I have been attacked. First by a smoke bomb then I was netted. Both of these...
empathic learning <ul><li>if there is an emotional engagement or link to our avatars then … </li></ul><ul><li>simulations ...
the quality of the learning experience
quality of the learning experience as an ethical issue? <ul><li>responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>accountability </li></ul>...
a competency  framework   for   Second Life from:   http://www.cxknowledge.com/SL_Levels.html   Building Scripting Video/ ...
familiarity and repetition
controlling the learning space, containing communication
cognitive overload
hidden dangers? <ul><li>“ The truth is we cant really force any student to use something if they believe they will be corr...
digging under the shallow surface of Second Life:  subcultures and hidden worlds
digital identity
managing digital identity
digital reputation <ul><li>our avatars form one more aspect of our  digital identity </li></ul><ul><li>new digital literac...
Second Life and value systems
the SL business model <ul><li>the dominant rhetoric of Linden Labs and SL is one of  freedom  and  dreams  based on creati...
violations of copyright <ul><li>“ Six of Second Life's top brands Eros Designs, RH Designs, Le Cadre Network, Nomine, Pixe...
five ‘observations’ <ul><li>vanity, identity play and blurring of ‘Real Life’ and Second Life dominates the world of SL </...
Dr Steven Warburton e-Learning and ICT Manager School of Law King's College London Strand London WC2R 2LS Research at Prsi...
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Virtual Vanity: Sex shopping and reputation in Second Life

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A presentation that formed part of a double workshop given at the 6th Open Classroom Conference hosted in Stockholm from October 24th to 26th 2007.

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  • Second life is a unique concept, but I don't see it as sex. It's a kind of virtual sex, a cross between online dating, phone sex and a brothel. The graphics are not yet to the point when the majority of people fix these services realitic. Not tp say people are alredy involved in having sex with others involved in the world. I study the brothel industry and I see a massive opportunity is their technologies for hooking up remotely. http://melbourne-brothels.com.au
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Virtual Vanity: Sex shopping and reputation in Second Life

  1. virtual vanity : sex , shopping and reputation in Second Life Open Classroom Conference Stockholm 2007 Dr Steven Warburton, King’s College London and Prism(lab) http://prismlab.wordpress.com
  2. … or are they any ethical issues in teaching via Second Life?
  3. what are educators interested in? <ul><li>learners and addiction (20 posts) </li></ul><ul><li>ageplay (41 posts) </li></ul><ul><li>appearance and body image (31 posts) </li></ul><ul><li>identity (120 posts) </li></ul><ul><li>shopping (28 posts) </li></ul><ul><li>rape in cyberspace (22 posts) </li></ul><ul><li>copying RL in SL (42 posts) </li></ul><ul><li>technical difficulties (100+ posts) </li></ul><ul><li>teaching issues (250+ posts) </li></ul>Source: drawn from the SLED list archives over a 6 month period
  4. time spent in-world <ul><li>** </li></ul><ul><li>sleeping (2) </li></ul><ul><li>study time (2) </li></ul><ul><li>the search for something interesting to read or do </li></ul><ul><li>this is a depressing question </li></ul>from the NMC SL survey 2007
  5. addiction <ul><li>“ Having set up an island and been poking around SL for a while, I find I am becoming somewhat addicted. What particularly worries me, though is that we are considering actively encouraging students into SL and while we want to provide them with stimulating and engaging activities, I am worried that many will also become addicts - to the detriment of their studies! ” </li></ul><ul><li>Source: SLED list archives </li></ul>
  6. avatars, appearance and identity
  7. “ You know I resisted writing this for the longest time but after two educators flew into our island yesterday with their transparent anatomically correct attachments I figured that many people don't know the following: When an SL user is looking at your avatar, if they hold down the option(alt) key, they can see all of your invisible as in attached but transparent attachments. I know it may be inconvenient to put these on and take them off depending on the setting but it is equally upsetting to see someone's transparent bits and pieces flying at me while I am trying to help. Thanks I just ate lunch.” looking the part, acting the part From: SLED list archives 2007
  8. identity confusion <ul><li>“ Alts used in various roleplaying environments, mainly. Funny name combinations that pop up that I decide I MUST have. Escape valve for when I need to escape my 'real' identity in SL.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ I started an alt account so I could explore without having to be nicey-nice librarian to everyone I meet, and also to explore SL as the opposite of my RL gender (my main av's name is to [sic] feminine to try this with her).” </li></ul>Quotes from NMC survey 2007 on the use of multiple (or alternative avatars)
  9. authentic learners? <ul><li>what is the effect of identity play and performativity on learning? </li></ul><ul><li>in learning do we care if our learners are inauthentic? </li></ul>
  10. immersion, empathy and affect <ul><li>“ Twice I have been attacked. First by a smoke bomb then I was netted. Both of these events bothered me a great deal.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ On my first say in SL a naked man avatar chased me around with a penis.” </li></ul>Quotes from NMC Survey 2007 on bad experiences in Second Life
  11. empathic learning <ul><li>if there is an emotional engagement or link to our avatars then … </li></ul><ul><li>simulations work well? </li></ul><ul><li>but can we really say SL allows us to “experiment without consequences”? </li></ul><ul><li>the depth and level of this empathic (or emotional) reaction rests also with prior knowledge and experience? ”? </li></ul>
  12. the quality of the learning experience
  13. quality of the learning experience as an ethical issue? <ul><li>responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>accountability </li></ul><ul><li>our choice of technology </li></ul><ul><li>access, control and experience </li></ul>
  14. a competency framework for Second Life from: http://www.cxknowledge.com/SL_Levels.html Building Scripting Video/ Machinima Moving Objects Creating Objects Editing Objects Shopping Textures Prims Inventory Pie Controls Camera Controls Movement Controls Using the Map Notecard Opening Boxes Walking Flying Landing Sitting Teleport Appearance Friendship Search Chat vs IM vs Shout Level 4 Level 3 Level 2 Level 1
  15. familiarity and repetition
  16. controlling the learning space, containing communication
  17. cognitive overload
  18. hidden dangers? <ul><li>“ The truth is we cant really force any student to use something if they believe they will be corrupted or something else by the environment.” </li></ul>From: SLED list archives 2007
  19. digging under the shallow surface of Second Life: subcultures and hidden worlds
  20. digital identity
  21. managing digital identity
  22. digital reputation <ul><li>our avatars form one more aspect of our digital identity </li></ul><ul><li>new digital literacies need to include an understanding of digital reputation management </li></ul>
  23. Second Life and value systems
  24. the SL business model <ul><li>the dominant rhetoric of Linden Labs and SL is one of freedom and dreams based on creation, ownership (limited), buying and selling but </li></ul><ul><li>Stephen Downes raises some interesting questions*: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ownership : “Digital rights we should own! And should be ours! And held by us!” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scaleability (what if Linden Lab were tasked with producing all the pages of the Internet?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Interoperability (what does it means – how would it actually work?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where is the bottom up shared content ? (Second Life is barely more than Web 1.0 never mind Web 3.0) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stephen asks: “Is this the business model that we have been waiting for in online learning?” </li></ul>*Eduserv Foundation Symposium 2007 http://www.eduserv.org.uk/foundation/symposium/2007
  25. violations of copyright <ul><li>“ Six of Second Life's top brands Eros Designs, RH Designs, Le Cadre Network, Nomine, PixelDolls and DE Designs are filing suit against Thomas Simon (known as avatar Rase Kenzo), and ten other as yet unidentified avatars. The suit was filed in Brooklyn, New York by attorney Frank Taney, a partner with Buchanan Ingersoll & Rooney who is representing Eros Designs against Volkov Catteneo, for similar copyright violation.” </li></ul>http://www.secondlifeinsider.com/2007/10/27/six-of-the-best-for-copyright-violators http://virtuallyblind.com/2007/10/27/content-creators-sue-rase-kenzo
  26. five ‘observations’ <ul><li>vanity, identity play and blurring of ‘Real Life’ and Second Life dominates the world of SL </li></ul><ul><li>SL runs on a business model antithetical to our educational values </li></ul><ul><li>at heart SL is a game and as educators try to control and reinstate power structures the environment diminishes as a space for informal and opportunist learning </li></ul><ul><li>the real value in MUVEs in education will be found when ‘Web 2.0’ values are truly embedded in-world </li></ul><ul><li>empathy and emotion are key links in the educational process that need to be explored </li></ul>
  27. Dr Steven Warburton e-Learning and ICT Manager School of Law King's College London Strand London WC2R 2LS Research at Prsim(lab) http://prismlab.wordpress.com Personal at Liquid Learning http://warburton.typepad.com Second Life: StevenW Bohm

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