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Ignite Jonesboro Jan24 Joseph Murphy


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An Introduction to Common Sense

An Introduction to Common Sense

Published in: Education

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  • 1. Common Sense Joseph Murphy Jr.
  • 2. What is Common Sense?
    • Published in January of 1776
    • Pamphlet arguing the moral and ethics of government and society
    • Debated Self Rule vs. Monarchy
  • 3. Who Wrote Common Sense?
    • Thomas Paine
      • Emigrated to America in 1774
      • Sponsored by Benjamin Franklin
      • Political Agitator in England prior to coming to America
  • 4. Was Common Sense Important?
    • Prior to Writing
      • Little support for Independence from England
      • First shots in war fired on April 19 th 1775
    • After Writing
      • Declaration of Independence
      • Popular support for War
  • 5. Why Was Common Sense Important?
    • Put to word truths which were “self evident” as written in the Declaration of Independence.
      • The individual is more important than Government
  • 6. Society vs. Government In Common Sense
    • Society is natural in populations
      • As more people gather interaction between individuals is the natural result
    • Government is the antithesis of Society
      • Contrived limiters on the actions of individuals, ostensibly for “common good”
  • 7. Natural rise of Government
    • Individuals concerned with survival Place Trust in representatives
      • Time
      • Distance
  • 8. Natural Rise of Government?
    • Governments Start Simple
      • From one head many bodies Contribute
    • Governments become complex
      • The head starts to rule despite the will of the populace
  • 9. What are the advantages to maintaining simple government?
    • Simple government is
      • Transparent
        • Reduced Power Distance
        • Increased personal knowledge
      • Problems Easy to Diagnose
        • Roots of problems can be seen
        • Solutions can be implemented
  • 10. Complex Government
    • Viewed as a “System” too Complex to change
      • Faceless “the Government caused <event>!”
      • Fatalist “You Cannot Fight City Hall”
  • 11. Freedom within Government Requires
    • Trust
      • That all individuals are valued equally
      • That all individuals are not hampered in growth
      • That individual mistakes are allowed but egregious mistakes are punished equally
  • 12. Change of track
    • Arguments against monarchy
      • The prevalent examples of governmental ill
      • “ Devine right of kings” neither a “Right” nor “Devine”
      • Exclusive Government not Inclusive
        • Increased Power Distance
  • 13. Arguments for CHANGE
    • When the populace has no other recourse, violence is necessary
      • Ordered Government public Election is available
      • Corrupt Government Force of arms is only recourse
        • Hence American Revolution
  • 14. History will judge the virtue of the violence
    • “ The least fracture now will be like a name engraved with the point of a pin on the tender rind of a young oak; The wound will enlarge with the tree, and posterity read it in full grown characters. “
  • 15. Unalterable Events
    • The war was already started, what was done, could not be undone.
    • Detractors were attributed with the following:
      • Prosperity existed before, it could continue
      • Tying America to a far off land has worked, and could continue
  • 16. Arguments against Detractors
    • While eating is in fashion, no political connection is needed between Europe and America (America was the “Bread Basket” of Europe)
    • England caused America, not peace but war prior to the Revolution
      • French Indian war
  • 17. Arguments lead to Conclusions
    • Free Trade vs. Appropriation
      • Peace among traders
      • Weakness of subjugated economies
    • Entanglements lead to conflict, not prevent conflict
    • Power distance over physical distance reduces freedom
  • 18. Modern Relevancy
    • Transparency in government is needed
      • New administration proposes this
    • Power distance needs to be reduced
      • New administration still concentrating power centrally, not distributing power.
  • 19. What can we do?
    • Become locally active
      • Watch City Council and read Local news
      • County Government
      • State Government
      • Vote
    • Engender Society
      • See need of community and Fill them Locally
      • Reduce dependence on Far Reaching society
  • 20. Caveat
    • My wife tell me that I have little Common Sense