Ignite Jonesboro Jan24 Joseph Murphy


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An Introduction to Common Sense

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Ignite Jonesboro Jan24 Joseph Murphy

  1. 1. Common Sense Joseph Murphy Jr.
  2. 2. What is Common Sense? <ul><li>Published in January of 1776 </li></ul><ul><li>Pamphlet arguing the moral and ethics of government and society </li></ul><ul><li>Debated Self Rule vs. Monarchy </li></ul>
  3. 3. Who Wrote Common Sense? <ul><li>Thomas Paine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Emigrated to America in 1774 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sponsored by Benjamin Franklin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Political Agitator in England prior to coming to America </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Was Common Sense Important? <ul><li>Prior to Writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Little support for Independence from England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>First shots in war fired on April 19 th 1775 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>After Writing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Declaration of Independence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular support for War </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Why Was Common Sense Important? <ul><li>Put to word truths which were “self evident” as written in the Declaration of Independence. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The individual is more important than Government </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Society vs. Government In Common Sense <ul><li>Society is natural in populations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>As more people gather interaction between individuals is the natural result </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Government is the antithesis of Society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrived limiters on the actions of individuals, ostensibly for “common good” </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Natural rise of Government <ul><li>Individuals concerned with survival Place Trust in representatives </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Distance </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Natural Rise of Government? <ul><li>Governments Start Simple </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From one head many bodies Contribute </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Governments become complex </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The head starts to rule despite the will of the populace </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. What are the advantages to maintaining simple government? <ul><li>Simple government is </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Reduced Power Distance </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased personal knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Problems Easy to Diagnose </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Roots of problems can be seen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Solutions can be implemented </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Complex Government <ul><li>Viewed as a “System” too Complex to change </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Faceless “the Government caused <event>!” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fatalist “You Cannot Fight City Hall” </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Freedom within Government Requires <ul><li>Trust </li></ul><ul><ul><li>That all individuals are valued equally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That all individuals are not hampered in growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>That individual mistakes are allowed but egregious mistakes are punished equally </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Change of track <ul><li>Arguments against monarchy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The prevalent examples of governmental ill </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Devine right of kings” neither a “Right” nor “Devine” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exclusive Government not Inclusive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Increased Power Distance </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Arguments for CHANGE <ul><li>When the populace has no other recourse, violence is necessary </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ordered Government public Election is available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corrupt Government Force of arms is only recourse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hence American Revolution </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. History will judge the virtue of the violence <ul><li>“ The least fracture now will be like a name engraved with the point of a pin on the tender rind of a young oak; The wound will enlarge with the tree, and posterity read it in full grown characters. “ </li></ul>
  15. 15. Unalterable Events <ul><li>The war was already started, what was done, could not be undone. </li></ul><ul><li>Detractors were attributed with the following: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prosperity existed before, it could continue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tying America to a far off land has worked, and could continue </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Arguments against Detractors <ul><li>While eating is in fashion, no political connection is needed between Europe and America (America was the “Bread Basket” of Europe) </li></ul><ul><li>England caused America, not peace but war prior to the Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French Indian war </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Arguments lead to Conclusions <ul><li>Free Trade vs. Appropriation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Peace among traders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weakness of subjugated economies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Entanglements lead to conflict, not prevent conflict </li></ul><ul><li>Power distance over physical distance reduces freedom </li></ul>
  18. 18. Modern Relevancy <ul><li>Transparency in government is needed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New administration proposes this </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power distance needs to be reduced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New administration still concentrating power centrally, not distributing power. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. What can we do? <ul><li>Become locally active </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Watch City Council and read Local news </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>County Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vote </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Engender Society </li></ul><ul><ul><li>See need of community and Fill them Locally </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce dependence on Far Reaching society </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Caveat <ul><li>My wife tell me that I have little Common Sense </li></ul>