Quiz on Wednesday covering today’s lecture, last Wednesday’s lecture, Chapter 3 New Kingdom, Chapter 4 Minoans Chapter 4 – what was unique about the Minoans, their art, where were they located, rough period in time, fresco
No one got all 10 questions plus the extra credit on the first quiz, but there were several scores of 10 points (9 right plus the extra credit). Congrats to: Will, Jacob, Justin, Harshmeet, Shaina, Jeanie, Megan!
The time period that includes Hatshepsut and Akhenaten and Tutankhamun is known as: The New Kingdom 1600 – 1000 bce
November 17, 1997: Al-Gama'at al-Islamiyya (IG) gunmen shot and killed 58 tourists and four Egyptians and wounded 26 others at the Hatshepsut Temple in the Valley of the Kings near Luxor. Thirty-four Swiss, eight Japanese, five Germans, four Britons, one French, one Colombian, a dual Bulgarian/British citizen, and four unidentified persons were among the dead. Twelve Swiss, two Japanese, two Germans, one French, and nine Egyptians were among the wounded.
Built by Ramses II to inform those entering Egypt from the south of the might and power of Pharaoh, this monument once stood next to the flowing Nile. But the Nile shifted, Egypt shrank and desert sands flowed in. Over millennia this temple was lost to human knowledge. Rediscovered in 1813, only the leftmost head and the tip of a crown were visible. British archaeologists excavated at the dawn of the twentieth century and revealed an archeological treasure. With the coming of the High Dam at Aswan, this entire monument was cut into blocks and moved away from Lake Nasser's rising waters.
Ramses temple is aligned so that on the 22nd of February and 22nd of October (Ramses coronation and birth days) the sun's rays shine down the Hypostyle Hall and illuminate these seated gods. Ra is rightmost, followed by Ramses II as a god, then Amun. The leftmost god is Ptah, God of Darkness.