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  1. THE COLD WAR _ CHAPTER 27
  2. OVERVIEW After World War II, the Soviet Union and the United States emerge as rivals. This rivalry is mainly diplomatic and strategic, but also leads both to become involved in military actions around the world. The rivalry dominates world politics for four decades. (Teacher read)
  3. TIMELINE 1945 – U.N. formed; Cold War begins 1947 – Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan 1949 – Communists take control of China, NATO formed 1953 – Korean War ends (1950- 1953)
  4. 1954 – Civil Rights Movement begins 1957 – Soviets launch Sputnik 1959 – Cuban revolution 1961 – Berlin Wall Built 1962 – Cuban Missile Crisis 1964 – More troops sent to
  5. From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of central and eastern Europe, Warsaw, Berlin, Prague, Vienna, Budapest, Belgrade, Bucharest, and Sofia; all these famous cities and the populations around them lie in the Soviet sphere and all are subject, in one form or another, not only to Soviet influence but to very high and increasing a measure of control from Moscow. In substance, Mr. Churchill now stands in the position of a firebrand of war.
  6. IMPORTANT PEOPLE •Dean Acheson •Nikita Khrushchev •Charles de Gaulle •John F. Kennedy •Martin Luther King, Jr.
  7. CONFRONTATION •USSR feared the Capitalist West •USA feared Communism –USA wanted Eastern European nations to govern themselves after WWII
  8. •Stalin feared the Eastern European countries would be anti-Soviet if free •Truman Doctrine – The USA would give $$$ To countries threatened by Communist expansion
  9. MARSHALL PLAN •June 1947 – European Recovery program begins –Rebuilds war-torn Europe •USSR and its satellite states don’t take part, set up Council for Mutual Economic Assisstance
  10. CONTAINMENT •USA sets up policy of containment to stop spread of Communism.
  11. CRISIS IN BERLIN •W. Germany unified, creates a West German State in 1948 •USSR opposes, blockade West Berlin •US, GB airlift supplies into West Berlin •Blockade ends 1949
  12. CON’T •Berlin divided into two parts, East and West
  13. HTV 2005 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 Cold WarVideo
  14. What were several causes of the Cold War?
  15. THE COLD WAR SPREADS •Chinese Communists take control of China in 1949 •Fall of China, USSR first atom bomb test starts an arms race b/w the USA and USSR
  16. NATO •April 1949-North Atlantic Treaty Organization formed (NATO) •Military alliance-members agreed to help if another is attacked •Warsaw Pact – USSR and Eastern European nations form a military alliance
  17. KOREAN WAR •North Korea (Commie) invades South Korea (Democratic) •USA helps S. Korea try to repel North •Lasts 3 years, boundaries don’t change
  18. SPACE RACE •USSR puts Sputnik I into orbit in 1957 •Sparks fears in USA of lag behind USSR technology, missiles
  19. BERLIN WALL •August 1961 – Nikita Khrushchev orders wall built between East and West Berlin to prevent escape from East.
  20. CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS •Bay of Pigs – JFK orders secret invasion of Cuba to overthrow Communist Castro –Invasion fails •USSR sends arms and military to Cuba –Places nuclear missiles in Cuba
  21. CON’T •JFK orders blockade of Cuba to stop missiles from getting there •Khrushchev agrees to remove missiles if JFK promises not to invade Cuba •Close call to nuclear war
  22. VIETNAM AND THE DOMINO THEORY •Commie N. Vietnam invades S. Vietnam –USA applied domino theory to Vietnam: if Vietnam fell to Communism, other Asian countries would fall, like dominoes
  23. ANTIWAR MOVEMENT •Growing political unrest at home due to Vietnam war •USA ended up withdrawing from Vietnam
  24. COLD WAR PHASES CAUSES: Mutual mistrust Two ideologies Arms Race THE SPARK: Berlin Blockade Soviet Aggression TURNING POINT: China goes Commie USSR gets A-Bomb KOREAN WAR: 1950-53 Ended a draw (not good) VIETNAM: 1965-75 Commies won FINAL STAGE: 1980s Reagan bankrupted USSR EFFECTS: USSR dead Communism discredited
  25. TO BE CONTINUED…

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