Prefixes word families
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Prefixes word families Document Transcript

  • 1. PREFIXES: Indicate different aspects; Tamaño, localización, negación, tiempo, etc. Pueden aparecer con igual significado en cientos de palabras diferentes, muchos sufren variaciones ortográficas para adecuarse a la raíz. a. b. c. d. e. f. Negation: -in, -im, -non, -mis, -mal, -anti, -ir, -un, -dis, -de. Localization: -ex, -inter, -per, -re, -peri, -sub, -super, -trans, -retro, -extra, -circum. Number: -uni, -mono, -auto, -bi, -tri,-poly, -hex, -oct, -multi, -quad. Time and order: -pre, -post, -ante, -fore, -prime. Size: -semi, -mini, -maxi, -macro, -equi, -mega. Miscellaneous: -out, -over, -pro, -re, -co,- auto. WORD FAMILIES: Are the different derivations of the same stem or root. These affixes form a word family. For Example:  Employ----verb / employer---noun / employee---noun/ employment---noun / unemployed--adjective.  Add—verb / addition---noun / additional---adjective / additionally---adverb / added---adjectiveadverb /additive---noun, adjective.