Civil Rights Movement. 1954-1968. Origins of the movement: Plessy v. Ferguson-1896. This ruling confirmed separation. “ bu...
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. NAACP. <ul><li>Court challenges won: </li></ul><ul><li>Norris ...
James Farmer-Congress of Racial Equality-CORE/ <ul><li>Core used “Sit-Ins” to force restaurants to. Desegregate. </li></ul...
Brown v. Broad of Education-Kansas.1954. <ul><li>Overturn Plessy v Ferguson.  </li></ul><ul><li>Segregation was unconstitu...
Southern Manifesto. <ul><li>Massive resistance appeared the halls of Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>101 senators sign a docum...
Montgomery Bus Boycott-1955. <ul><li>Rosa Parks refused to go to the back of the bus. </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans,...
Martin Luther King. <ul><li>MLK was chosen to lead the boycott and negotiate with the city. </li></ul><ul><li>He believed ...
Sit In Movement <ul><li>Student leaders like Jesse Jackson lead a sit in movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Students at sit ins k...
Freedom Riders. <ul><li>Groups from the North rode buses down to the South to bring attention to Racism. </li></ul><ul><li...
Kennedy Acts. <ul><li>Justice dept. ordered to take action about civil rights violence and Hate Crimes. </li></ul><ul><li>...
Integrating Colleges. <ul><li>James Meredith tries to go to University of Mississippi. </li></ul><ul><li>The Governor trie...
Violence in Birmingham, Alabama. <ul><li>King planned a march there knowing it would provoke a violent response by local l...
Civil Rights Act of 1964. <ul><li>George Wallace governor of Alabama gave gave Kennedy his chance to introduce a civil rig...
March on Washington. <ul><li>Over 200,000 people of all races marched on Washington to lobby for the Civil Rights bill. </...
What did the C.R.A. do? <ul><li>Segregation illegal in most places like restaurants, hotel, parks, libraries, and theaters...
Struggle for Voting Rights <ul><li>Twenty-Fourth Amendment ended Poll taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Across the South a wave of ...
Selma March.1965. <ul><li>Dr. King organized this march to win voting rights for African-Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Marc...
Voting Rights Act of 1965. <ul><li>Allowed Federal examiners to register qualified voters. </li></ul><ul><li>Disallowed li...
Problems Facing Urban African-Americans. <ul><li>Channeled into low paying jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>Worked in service indus...
Problems Continued… <ul><li>Almost half African-American families lived in poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher levels of ill...
Watts Riot. <ul><li>Race riots broke out in dozens of American urban cities between 1965 and 1968. </li></ul><ul><li>Watts...
Black Power. <ul><li>More assertive move to make social change. </li></ul><ul><li>O.K. to use violence to defend self. </l...
Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam. <ul><li>Led by Elijah Muhammad. </li></ul><ul><li>Malcolm X became a leader in the Nati...
Belief’s Continued… <ul><li>They encouraged their members to respect each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen their famili...
Malcolm X Murdered. <ul><li>He continued to criticize the church. </li></ul><ul><li>He was murdered by three church member...
Black Panthers. <ul><li>The Black Panthers believed that a revolution was necessary to change racist America. </li></ul><u...
MLK Assassinated. 1968. <ul><li>Dr. King went to Memphis to support a strike by Black sanitation workers. </li></ul><ul><l...
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USH historych16

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USH historych16

  1. 1. Civil Rights Movement. 1954-1968. Origins of the movement: Plessy v. Ferguson-1896. This ruling confirmed separation. “ but equal.” discrimination. Most shameful ruling since Dred Scott decision.
  2. 2. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People. NAACP. <ul><li>Court challenges won: </li></ul><ul><li>Norris v. Alabama. Juries. </li></ul><ul><li>Morgan v. Virginia. Interstate buses. </li></ul><ul><li>Sweatt v. Painter. Law schools. </li></ul>
  3. 3. James Farmer-Congress of Racial Equality-CORE/ <ul><li>Core used “Sit-Ins” to force restaurants to. Desegregate. </li></ul><ul><li>They sat down and refused to leave! </li></ul><ul><li>This worked a lot! </li></ul>
  4. 4. Brown v. Broad of Education-Kansas.1954. <ul><li>Overturn Plessy v Ferguson. </li></ul><ul><li>Segregation was unconstitutional. </li></ul><ul><li>It will take 20 years for this decision to fully work it way through out U.S. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Southern Manifesto. <ul><li>Massive resistance appeared the halls of Congress. </li></ul><ul><li>101 senators sign a document that stated the Court had: “…a clear abuse of judicial power…and then pledged “…all lawful means to reverse the decision….” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Montgomery Bus Boycott-1955. <ul><li>Rosa Parks refused to go to the back of the bus. </li></ul><ul><li>African Americans, by law, had to sit there. </li></ul><ul><li>She was arrested. </li></ul><ul><li>This started the Boycott of buses. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Martin Luther King. <ul><li>MLK was chosen to lead the boycott and negotiate with the city. </li></ul><ul><li>He believed in non violent methods to make social change. </li></ul><ul><li>Court FINALLY ruled that bus segregation was illegal. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Sit In Movement <ul><li>Student leaders like Jesse Jackson lead a sit in movement. </li></ul><ul><li>Students at sit ins keep their cool even when severely provoked. </li></ul><ul><li>This put racists in a bad light on T.V. </li></ul><ul><li>Ella Baker became the national coordinator of the sit in movement. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Freedom Riders. <ul><li>Groups from the North rode buses down to the South to bring attention to Racism. </li></ul><ul><li>These buses were often met many times by hostile white crowds. </li></ul><ul><li>Ku Klux Klan often worked WITH local law enforcement to attack bus riders. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Kennedy Acts. <ul><li>Justice dept. ordered to take action about civil rights violence and Hate Crimes. </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy then started to “Waffle.” </li></ul><ul><li>Finally the Justice Dept. moved and stopped segregated bus terminals. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Integrating Colleges. <ul><li>James Meredith tries to go to University of Mississippi. </li></ul><ul><li>The Governor tried to block him at the door. </li></ul><ul><li>Kennedy sends Federal troops! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Violence in Birmingham, Alabama. <ul><li>King planned a march there knowing it would provoke a violent response by local law enforcement. </li></ul><ul><li>He was right. </li></ul><ul><li>The violence was shown all over America. </li></ul><ul><li>The Federal government had to act. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Civil Rights Act of 1964. <ul><li>George Wallace governor of Alabama gave gave Kennedy his chance to introduce a civil rights bill. </li></ul><ul><li>Wallace: “Segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever! </li></ul><ul><li>He also blocked the steps of the University of Alabama to stop desegregation. </li></ul>
  14. 14. March on Washington. <ul><li>Over 200,000 people of all races marched on Washington to lobby for the Civil Rights bill. </li></ul><ul><li>Dr. King gave his “I have a dream speech.” </li></ul><ul><li>He moved a nation </li></ul><ul><li>C.R.A. becomes law! </li></ul>
  15. 15. What did the C.R.A. do? <ul><li>Segregation illegal in most places like restaurants, hotel, parks, libraries, and theaters. </li></ul><ul><li>Private employers must end discrimination. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Struggle for Voting Rights <ul><li>Twenty-Fourth Amendment ended Poll taxes. </li></ul><ul><li>Across the South a wave of black churches were bombed by racists. </li></ul><ul><li>24 in Miss. alone. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Selma March.1965. <ul><li>Dr. King organized this march to win voting rights for African-Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Marchers were beaten by racists in full view of T.V. Rest of nation shocked. </li></ul><ul><li>Pres. Johnson outraged. </li></ul><ul><li>He proposed a voting bill on national T.V. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Voting Rights Act of 1965. <ul><li>Allowed Federal examiners to register qualified voters. </li></ul><ul><li>Disallowed literacy or other tests. </li></ul><ul><li>By the end of 1965, 250,000 more African-Americans registered to vote. </li></ul><ul><li>1965-100 African-American elected officials. 1990-5,000. Obama, 5001? </li></ul>
  19. 19. Problems Facing Urban African-Americans. <ul><li>Channeled into low paying jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>Worked in service industry. </li></ul><ul><li>Blue collar jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>15 percent had professional, managerial, or clerical jobs, </li></ul><ul><li>44 percent for Whites. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Problems Continued… <ul><li>Almost half African-American families lived in poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher levels of illness and infant mortality. </li></ul><ul><li>Higher drop out rates. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Watts Riot. <ul><li>Race riots broke out in dozens of American urban cities between 1965 and 1968. </li></ul><ul><li>Watts Riot lasted for six days. </li></ul><ul><li>Rioters burned and looted entire neighborhoods at a cost of $45 million. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Black Power. <ul><li>More assertive move to make social change. </li></ul><ul><li>O.K. to use violence to defend self. </li></ul><ul><li>African-Americans needed to control more social, political, and economic direction. </li></ul><ul><li>Stressed Black pride of culture and history. </li></ul><ul><li>Stressed racial distinction rather than assimilation. </li></ul><ul><li>Demanded Afro American studies be taught. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Malcolm X and the Nation of Islam. <ul><li>Led by Elijah Muhammad. </li></ul><ul><li>Malcolm X became a leader in the Nation of Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>Black Muslims viewed themselves as their own nation. </li></ul><ul><li>They organized their own business, schools, newspapers. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Belief’s Continued… <ul><li>They encouraged their members to respect each other. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthen their families. </li></ul><ul><li>Advocated self defense. </li></ul><ul><li>Malcolm X was a powerful speaker who broke with the church over some scandals. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Malcolm X Murdered. <ul><li>He continued to criticize the church. </li></ul><ul><li>He was murdered by three church members. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Black Panthers. <ul><li>The Black Panthers believed that a revolution was necessary to change racist America. </li></ul><ul><li>They wanted African-Americans to arm themselves and confront white America. </li></ul><ul><li>They wanted African-Americans to have control of their own pivotal institutions. </li></ul>
  27. 27. MLK Assassinated. 1968. <ul><li>Dr. King went to Memphis to support a strike by Black sanitation workers. </li></ul><ul><li>While on a balcony he was shoot by James Earl Ray. </li></ul><ul><li>His death was end to very important era in American history. </li></ul>

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