Us History Ch.8


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Us History Ch.8

  1. 1. Normalcy And Good Times. 1921-1929. Chapter Eight. Presidential Politics: The Harding Administration. He was a “Self-Doubter.” His Administration became know as “The Ohio Gang.” This was NOT a good term!
  2. 2. Teapot Dome Scandal. <ul><li>Albert B. Hall, Sec. of the Interior, took bribes to sell land leases for oil drilling. </li></ul><ul><li>First cabinet member to go to prison! </li></ul><ul><li>Attorney General Harry Daugherty also took bribes from a Germen agent. </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of scandals during the Harding Adm. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Harding Dies-1923. Silent Cal New President.
  4. 4. Coolidge Administration. <ul><li>Coolidge went to work kicking out the bad apples from Harding’s Administration. </li></ul><ul><li>Tried to restore INTEGRITY to the office! </li></ul><ul><li>“Silent Cal” elected in 1924. </li></ul><ul><li>“Keep Cool With Coolidge.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Rise Of New Industries. <ul><li>Mass production and the assembly line. </li></ul><ul><li>Who perfected the assembly line? </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Ford and the model T. </li></ul><ul><li>Ford DOUBLED his workers wages and went to an eight hour work day. GOOD. </li></ul><ul><li>Created the Sociological Dept. BAD. </li></ul>
  6. 7. Social Impact Of Cars. <ul><li>Created new businesses that never existed before. </li></ul><ul><li>Eased isolation. </li></ul><ul><li>Workers could live further from their jobs. Suburbs! </li></ul><ul><li>Helped bank robbers. “Motorized Bandits.” </li></ul><ul><li>Dating? </li></ul>
  7. 8. Airline Industry. <ul><li>Wright Brothers first flew at Kitty Hawk-1903. </li></ul><ul><li>Planes used in W.W.I. (Fly Boys.) </li></ul><ul><li>Charles Lindbergh-1927. </li></ul><ul><li>Airlines started in 1920’s and were subsidized by the government. </li></ul>
  8. 9. Radio Industry. <ul><li>Radio’s were the P.C’s of their day. </li></ul><ul><li>Telephones=Cell phones. </li></ul><ul><li>It was all about INSTANT communication. </li></ul><ul><li>Is today any different? </li></ul>
  9. 10. Consumer Society. <ul><li>Easy credit. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass advertising. </li></ul>
  10. 11. Consumer Goods Boom. New Use Of Credit. <ul><li>New innovations: </li></ul><ul><li>Electric razors, Kleenex tissue, Frozen foods and cleaning products. </li></ul><ul><li>Electric Irons, vacuums, washing machines, and gas stoves. </li></ul><ul><li>Personal hygiene products such as mouth wash, tooth paste, and deodorants. </li></ul><ul><li>Lots of advertisement to create demand! </li></ul>
  11. 17. Managerial Revolution. <ul><li>Corporations were organized into divisions to run different parts of the company. </li></ul><ul><li>This created many jobs for the middle class. </li></ul><ul><li>Colleges began training business managers. </li></ul>
  12. 18. Farm Crisis. <ul><li>Farmers encouraged to grow more food during W.W.I. </li></ul><ul><li>After W.W.I, DEMAND for their crops Fell. </li></ul><ul><li>Prices went to rock bottom because of OVERPRODUCTION. </li></ul>
  13. 19. Policies Of Prosperity. <ul><li>Andrew Mellon-Sec. of Treasury. </li></ul><ul><li>Creator of “Trickle Down Economics.” </li></ul><ul><li>Cut taxes for the rich. </li></ul><ul><li>The rich will invest that tax savings and this will create jobs. </li></ul><ul><li>He also did this: Cut government spending, reduced taxes, and paid down national debt. </li></ul><ul><li>Today this is called supply-side economics. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the Republican economic policy. </li></ul>
  14. 20. Isolationism. <ul><li>Most Americans were tired of European problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Most felt burned by the aftermath of W.W.I. </li></ul><ul><li>Allies not repaying loans we made to them. Except Finland. </li></ul><ul><li>Dawes Plan=Failure! </li></ul>
  15. 21. Washington Conference-1921. <ul><li>This was an attempt to limit the number of battleships countries were building. </li></ul><ul><li>This arms race was costing lots of money. </li></ul><ul><li>Japan wasn’t happy with the treaty. </li></ul><ul><li>Many battleships under construction were scrapped OR turned into aircraft carriers. </li></ul>
  16. 22. Last Battleship-1992.
  17. 23. Abolishing War? <ul><li>Kellogg-Briand Pact-1928. </li></ul><ul><li>Signed by 62 nations. </li></ul>