World War One. Chapter Six. European countries are industrialized and wealthy. They can support large armies and navies.  ...
Naval Race. <ul><li>England and Germany engaged in a race to build battleships. </li></ul><ul><li>This arms race cost mill...
Alliance(Secret) System. <ul><li>France wanted revenge because of their defeat by the Germans in 1871. </li></ul><ul><li>T...
Balkan Crisis-1914. <ul><li>Nationalism growing in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>People wanted “Self-Determination.” </li></ul...
Europe Goes To War! <ul><li>Austria-Hungry wanted to crush Serbia over the assassination. </li></ul><ul><li>Russia was on ...
Germany’s War Problem. <ul><li>They have a two front war. BAD! </li></ul><ul><li>France on the west and Russia in the east...
Von Sheffoean Plan Fails. <ul><li>French/British dig in and begin trench warfare, German do the same. </li></ul><ul><li>Ar...
Americans Take Sides. <ul><li>In general most Americans sides with the British </li></ul><ul><li>German used poor PROPAGAN...
Economic Links. <ul><li>Britain was our BIGGEST trading partner. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. and Britain had/have strong cultur...
America Moves Towards War. <ul><li>British/German blockade. </li></ul><ul><li>Germans forced to use submarines to sink mer...
U.S. Declares War-1917. <ul><li>Zimmermann Note. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany drops Sussex Pledge and resumes unrestricted U-...
The Home Front. <ul><li>Building up the military: </li></ul><ul><li>Selective Service-Draft. </li></ul><ul><li>Two million...
Organizing Industry. <ul><li>War Industries Board-WIB. </li></ul><ul><li>Food and fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>Victory Gardens....
Mobilizing The Workforce. <ul><li>Women went to work. </li></ul><ul><li>African-American enter into factory work. </li></u...
Ensuring Public Support. <ul><li>Committee on Public Information: </li></ul><ul><li>Helped “Sell” the war. </li></ul><ul><...
Civil Liberties Curtailed. <ul><li>Fear of espionage/Climate of suspicion. </li></ul><ul><li>Sedition Act of 1918. No publ...
Bloody Conflict. <ul><li>Trench Warfare. </li></ul><ul><li>New war technology: </li></ul><ul><li>Machine Gun, Long range a...
Americans And Victory! <ul><li>Winning the war at sea-Convoy system. </li></ul><ul><li>Russian Revolution-1917. Lenin sign...
German Offensive of 1918. <ul><li>Gets within 40 miles of Paris, but then falters. </li></ul><ul><li>Allies launch massive...
A Flawed Peace. <ul><li>Wilson’s Fourteen Points for peace: </li></ul><ul><li>Free trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Disarmament. <...
Treaty Of Versailles-1919. <ul><li>Britain and France wanted to punish Germany for the war. </li></ul><ul><li>$33 billion ...
League Of Nations. <ul><li>L.O.N. is rejected by U.S. Senate. </li></ul><ul><li>No “Entangling” alliances. </li></ul><ul><...
War’s Impact. <ul><li>High inflation leads to strikes. </li></ul><ul><li>Boston Police Strike. Calvin Coolage: </li></ul><...
The Red Scare. <ul><li>Wave of strikes cause some to think that communists were at work. </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants were...
Palmer Raids-1919 and 1920. <ul><li>Palmer raids was a massive effort which didn’t turn up a plot to over throw the govern...
End Of Progressivism-1920. <ul><li>Warren G. Harding won the presidency by calling for a return to “Normalcy.” </li></ul><...
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USH History Ch.6

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USH History Ch.6

  1. 1. World War One. Chapter Six. European countries are industrialized and wealthy. They can support large armies and navies. They are also in a race for over seas colonies. Nationalism is at an all time high. European’s mistrust and hate each other a lot.
  2. 2. Naval Race. <ul><li>England and Germany engaged in a race to build battleships. </li></ul><ul><li>This arms race cost millions and created fear. </li></ul><ul><li>Dreadnoughts! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Alliance(Secret) System. <ul><li>France wanted revenge because of their defeat by the Germans in 1871. </li></ul><ul><li>They teamed up with Russia and England. The “Triple Entente.” </li></ul><ul><li>Germany’s home boys were Austria-Hungry, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire or the “Central Alliance.” </li></ul>
  4. 4. Balkan Crisis-1914. <ul><li>Nationalism growing in Europe. </li></ul><ul><li>People wanted “Self-Determination.” </li></ul><ul><li>Austro-Hungarians ruled over the Balkans and Serbia. </li></ul><ul><li>Archduke Franz Ferdinand and wife assassinated by Serb nationalist. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Europe Goes To War! <ul><li>Austria-Hungry wanted to crush Serbia over the assassination. </li></ul><ul><li>Russia was on Serbia’s side, </li></ul><ul><li>Germany was on Austria-Hungary side. </li></ul><ul><li>France had Russia’s back. </li></ul><ul><li>England will also fight if Belgium/France is attacked. </li></ul><ul><li>What a mess! </li></ul>
  6. 6. Germany’s War Problem. <ul><li>They have a two front war. BAD! </li></ul><ul><li>France on the west and Russia in the east. </li></ul><ul><li>Their strategy? </li></ul><ul><li>The Von Sheffloean Plan. </li></ul><ul><li>Attack France first with 90 percent of your troops. Russia second. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Von Sheffoean Plan Fails. <ul><li>French/British dig in and begin trench warfare, German do the same. </li></ul><ul><li>Artillery, Maxim machine guns, and barbed wire make attacking suicidal. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1916 alone, the French army lost a million men to frontal attacks. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Americans Take Sides. <ul><li>In general most Americans sides with the British </li></ul><ul><li>German used poor PROPAGANDA techniques. </li></ul><ul><li>British cut German under ocean cable to rest of world. </li></ul><ul><li>The Brits control way news! </li></ul>
  9. 9. Economic Links. <ul><li>Britain was our BIGGEST trading partner. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. and Britain had/have strong cultural ties. </li></ul><ul><li>American banks loan Britain two billion dollars to fight the war. </li></ul>
  10. 10. America Moves Towards War. <ul><li>British/German blockade. </li></ul><ul><li>Germans forced to use submarines to sink merchant ships. </li></ul><ul><li>Many Americans killed by German attacks. </li></ul><ul><li>Subs sink Lusitania(1915) and Sussex(1916) </li></ul><ul><li>Sussex Pledge made by Germany. </li></ul>
  11. 11. U.S. Declares War-1917. <ul><li>Zimmermann Note. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany drops Sussex Pledge and resumes unrestricted U-Boat warfare. </li></ul><ul><li>Last straw for American people and President Wilson. </li></ul><ul><li>War is declared! </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Home Front. <ul><li>Building up the military: </li></ul><ul><li>Selective Service-Draft. </li></ul><ul><li>Two million volunteered. </li></ul><ul><li>400,000 African Americans served. </li></ul><ul><li>Thousands of women served for first time. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Organizing Industry. <ul><li>War Industries Board-WIB. </li></ul><ul><li>Food and fuel. </li></ul><ul><li>Victory Gardens. </li></ul><ul><li>Paying for the war: </li></ul><ul><li>Liberty Bonds-Victory Bonds. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Mobilizing The Workforce. <ul><li>Women went to work. </li></ul><ul><li>African-American enter into factory work. </li></ul><ul><li>Mexican-Americans into southwest. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Ensuring Public Support. <ul><li>Committee on Public Information: </li></ul><ul><li>Helped “Sell” the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Recruited ad executives, commercial artists, entertainers, and Hollywood. </li></ul><ul><li>“Four Minute Men.” </li></ul>
  16. 16. Civil Liberties Curtailed. <ul><li>Fear of espionage/Climate of suspicion. </li></ul><ul><li>Sedition Act of 1918. No public expression against war! </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court limits free speech: </li></ul><ul><li>Schenck v. U.S. 1919. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Clear and Present Danger” and “Can’t yell fire in a crowded theater, when no fire exists.” </li></ul>
  17. 17. Bloody Conflict. <ul><li>Trench Warfare. </li></ul><ul><li>New war technology: </li></ul><ul><li>Machine Gun, Long range artillery, submarines(U-Boats), Poison Gas, and airplanes. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Americans And Victory! <ul><li>Winning the war at sea-Convoy system. </li></ul><ul><li>Russian Revolution-1917. Lenin signs treaty with Germany. </li></ul><ul><li>One front war! </li></ul><ul><li>Germany MUST launch a major offensive against France before American troops arrive. </li></ul>
  19. 19. German Offensive of 1918. <ul><li>Gets within 40 miles of Paris, but then falters. </li></ul><ul><li>Allies launch massive counter attack. </li></ul><ul><li>Germany is out of men, supplies, weapons and hope. </li></ul><ul><li>War ends after armistice signed. 1918. </li></ul>
  20. 20. A Flawed Peace. <ul><li>Wilson’s Fourteen Points for peace: </li></ul><ul><li>Free trade. </li></ul><ul><li>Disarmament. </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom of seas. </li></ul><ul><li>Open diplomacy-No secrets! </li></ul><ul><li>Self determination. </li></ul><ul><li>League Of Nations. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Treaty Of Versailles-1919. <ul><li>Britain and France wanted to punish Germany for the war. </li></ul><ul><li>$33 billion war reparations. </li></ul><ul><li>Stripped of its armed forces. </li></ul><ul><li>Austria-Hungry spilt into two countries. </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of Ruhr Valley-1923. </li></ul>
  22. 22. League Of Nations. <ul><li>L.O.N. is rejected by U.S. Senate. </li></ul><ul><li>No “Entangling” alliances. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. bitter about W.W.I. </li></ul><ul><li>Wilson suffered a stroke and made impossible for him to campaign for it. </li></ul><ul><li>The Treaty Of Versailles, the rejection of Wilson’s 14 pts and L.O.N. laid the continuation of W.W.I later. </li></ul>
  23. 23. War’s Impact. <ul><li>High inflation leads to strikes. </li></ul><ul><li>Boston Police Strike. Calvin Coolage: </li></ul><ul><li>“ there is no right to strike the public safety.” </li></ul><ul><li>350,000 steel workers went on strike. </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Red Scare. <ul><li>Wave of strikes cause some to think that communists were at work. </li></ul><ul><li>Immigrants were thought to bring in communists ideas. </li></ul><ul><li>Labor leaders were suspected too. </li></ul><ul><li>Communist International: </li></ul><ul><li>“ Workers Of The World Unite!” </li></ul>
  25. 25. Palmer Raids-1919 and 1920. <ul><li>Palmer raids was a massive effort which didn’t turn up a plot to over throw the government. </li></ul><ul><li>Palmer faded away. </li></ul>
  26. 26. End Of Progressivism-1920. <ul><li>Warren G. Harding won the presidency by calling for a return to “Normalcy.” </li></ul><ul><li>This wasn’t a real word until Harding made it up! </li></ul>
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