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USH Ch. One


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  • 1. Creating A Nation. Converging Cultures. Chapter One.
  • 2. The Earliest Americans.
    • Early American civilizations:
    • Olmec, Maya, Aztec, and Anasazi.
    • Native American groups in New World were/are VERY culturally diverse!
    • These groups were present from 1500 B.C.
  • 3. European Explorations.
    • Leif Ericsson. 1000 A.D.
    • Columbus. 1492.
    • Cortes. 1521. Aztecs.
    • Pizarro. 1532. Inca’s.
    • Pounce de Leon, Coronado, and Desoto.
  • 4. Cultural Changes.
    • Both Native Americans and Europeans Began to share parts of each others culture.
    • Tools, food, hunting/farming methods, and technology.
    • Diseases, introduced by the Europeans, hurt the Native Americans badly.
  • 5. Early French/English Settlements.
    • New France-New Orleans up to 1/3 of the present U.S.A.
    • Jamestown-1607. This was a Joint-stock company.
    • House of Burgesses-1619.
    • Pilgrams-1620. Puritans pushed out of England.
  • 6. New England Colonies.
    • Puritan religious intolerance lead to other settlements.
    • Roger Williams, Ann Hutchinson, and Thomas Hooker were forced to leave.
    • New England economy based and shipping and commerce.
  • 7. Middle Colonies.
    • Settled by Dutch first-1609.
    • William Penn created Pennsylvania in 1681.
    • Economy based on farming.
  • 8. Southern Colonies.
    • George Calvert started the Maryland colony for Catholics-1630.
    • James Oglethorpe created the Georgia colony in 1733 for debtors in English prisons.
  • 9. Triangular Trade-Growth of the colonies.
    • Colonies--England--Caribbean, and Africa.
    • Slave codes: No property, education, moving freely, or meeting in large groups.
  • 10. Women and Jews.
    • Both these groups also do not have have equal rights with white males.
    • This discrimination would last for another 350 years.
  • 11. Dissent And Independence.
    • Mercantilism: Export/Sell more good than you import.
    • Mercantilism lead to colonies. Why?
    • Navigation Act 1663. Stop over in England to pay taxes?
    • This lead to lots of smuggling by colonists!
  • 12. Glorious Revolution-1688.
    • Mary and William Orange installed by Parliament as King.
    • They had to swear to abide by the English Bill of Rights.
    • What happened to “Divine Rights Of Kings?”
  • 13. John Locke-1690.
    • People are BORN with certain natural rights.
    • Life, liberty, and property.
    • King’s right to rule came from the PEOPLE!
    • Social Contract.
    • Locke had to leave England.
  • 14. The Enlightenment.
    • Locke was a part of The Enlightenment.
    • Enlightenment period: It supported reason, logic, and science as the way to learn the truth.
    • It supported democratic ideas and human rights.
  • 15. Rousseau-Montesquieu.1700’s.
    • Rousseau also had a Social Contract, BUT he stated that the people should pick the ruler.
    • Montesquieu added to this with the idea of having THREE branches of government.
  • 16. Great Awakening.
    • New protestant religions were created during the 1700’s.
    • Baptists welcomed slaves and and considered slavery evil.
  • 17. Salutary Or Benign Neglect. For four hundred years England paid littler or no attention to the colonies. Why?
  • 18. Growing Rebelliousness.
    • French-Indian War-1763.
    • War between England and France that was fought all over the world, including North America.
  • 19. French-Indian War Fall Out.
    • England in heavy debt because of war.
    • England wants the colonists to pay taxes to help pay the debt.
    • Is this fair?
    • Have the colonist EVER paid taxes?
  • 20. Unpopular Regulations/Actions By England.
    • Proclamation Act of 1763. See page 113.
    • Stamp Act-1765.
    • Stamp Act Congress.
    • “No taxation without representation.”
    • S.A. repealed in 1766.
  • 21. Townshend Acts.
    • New taxes on imported goods such as tea.
    • “Boston Massacre.” Five colonist were shot and killed by British soldiers during a riot.
    • The Committees Of Correspondence stirred up the killings as a “Massacre.”
  • 22. Boston Tea Party-1775.
    • Parliament gives English tea traders a MONOPOLY to sell tea to the colonists.
    • What happens to the colonial tea traders?
    • Bostonians dress up like Native Americans and dump the tea into bay.
  • 23. Coercive Acts-1774.
    • Boston tea party caused the Brits to do these actions:
    • Closed Boston Harbor.
    • Put British soldiers in private homes.
    • Revoked Mass. Charter and the right of self government.
  • 24. Revolution Begins.
    • Lexington and Concord is where the first blood was spilled. Over two hundred British soldiers are shot by Minutemen. 1776.
    • George Washington made top general of colonial troops.
    • Victory at Yorktown-1781.
  • 25. The Constitution.
    • Framers chose a republic.
    • First government was called the Articles of Confederation. WEAK!
    • It was made weak by design. Why?
    • Northwest Ordinance and Land Ordinance Acts of 1787-Successful.
  • 26. Shay’s Rebellion.
    • Economic depression forced farmers to take-up arms.
    • Farmers didn’t want to lose their farms.
    • Shay’s Rebellion ALMOST topples the A.O.C. government.
    • A bunch of farmers?
  • 27. Debate And Compromise.
    • Great Compromise/Big State-Small State Compromise.
    • Three-Fifths Compromise.
    • Commerce Compromise.
    • Electoral College Compromise.
  • 28. Common Agreement.
    • Popular Sovereignty.
    • Federalism.
    • Separation of powers.
    • Checks and balances.
    • Amendments-Formal changes.
    • Electoral College.
  • 29. Debating The Constitution.
    • Federalists-Pro Constitution-Hamilton, Adams, John Jay, and Washington.
    • Anti-Federalists-Jefferson, Thomas Paine.
    • Bill Of Rights broke the log jam.