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PPT from Chapter 1 The Marriage and Family Experience

PPT from Chapter 1 The Marriage and Family Experience

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Chpt1 Chpt1 Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 1
    • Personal Experience, Social Controversy, and Wishful Thinking
    • What Is Marriage? What Is Family?
    • Functions of Marriages and Families
    • Extended Families and Kinship
    • The Major Themes of This Text
    • As we study family patterns and issues, we need to understand that our attitudes and beliefs about families both affect and distort views.
      • Experience versus Expertise
      • Ongoing Social Controversy
    • A marriage is a legally recognized union between two people
      • generally a man and a woman
      • united sexually
      • cooperate economically
      • may give birth to, adopt, or rear children.
    • The union is assumed to be permanent
      • may be dissolved by separation or divorce
    • As simple as such a definition may make marriage seem, it differs among cultures and has changed considerably in our society.
  •  
    • Despite cultural and historical variation, the following characteristics seem to be shared among all marriages:
      • The establishment of rights and obligations connected to gender, sexuality, relationships with kin and in-laws, and legitimacy of children.
      • The establishment of specific roles within the wider community and society.
      • The orderly transfer of wealth and property from one generation to the next.
      • The assignment of the responsibility for caring for and socializing children to the spouses or their relatives
    • Same sex marriage is now legal in the United States but as of mid-2009 only in:
      • Massachusetts
      • Connecticut
      • Iowa
      • Vermont
      • New Hampshire
      • Maine.
    • Monogamy
      • The only legal form of marriage in the U.S.
    • Polygamy
      • The preferred marital arrangement worldwide
        • Polygyny - the practice of having two or more wives
        • Polyandry - the practice of having two or more husbands
    • The rights and benefits of marriage include but are not limited to:
      • Legal status with partner’s children
      • Partner medical decisions
      • Right to inherit property
      • Award of child custody in divorce proceedings
      • Control, division, acquisition, and disposition of community property
      • Division of property after dissolution of marriage
      • Payment of worker’s compensation benefits after death
      • Public assistance from the Department of Human Service
    • Census Definitions:
      • Family
        • “ a group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together in a household”
      • Household
        • “ one or more people—everyone living in a housing unit makes up a household”
  •  
  • Correct - Click anywhere to continue Incorrect - Click anywhere to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Submit Clear A) We see things as we want to see them B) We overlook things because we want to accept them C) The understanding we have of our families is distorted D) All are true E) None are true
  • Correct - Click anywhere to continue Incorrect - Click anywhere to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Submit Clear A) an Ongoing Social Controversy B) An established fact C) Morally reprehensible D) Morally acceptable
  • Correct - Click anywhere to continue Incorrect - Click anywhere to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Submit Clear A) Establishes rights and obligations B) Establishes socioeconomic status C) Allows for a couple to have children D) Allows for the orderly transfer of wealth from one generation to another E) Establishes specific roles in the wider community F) Establishes religious observance G) Assigns the responsbility for caring and socializing children
  • Correct - Click anywhere to continue Incorrect - Click anywhere to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing Submit Clear A) True B) False
  • Question Feedback/Review Information Will Appear Here Your Score {score} Max Score {max-score} Number of Quiz Attempts {total-attempts} Review Quiz Continue
    • In individuals’ perceptions of their own life experiences, family has a less precise definition
      • affiliated kin
        • best friend, lover, priest, boyfriend, minister, rabbi, girlfriend, neighbor, teacher, godchild, pet
      • There are also ethnic differences as to what constitutes family.
    • Provision of intimacy.
    • Formation of a cooperative economic unit.
    • Reproduction and socialization.
    • Assignment of social roles and status.
    • Family of orientation or Family of origin
      • the family in which we grow up
    • Family of procreation
      • the family formed through marriage and childbearing
    • Family of cohabitation
      • the family formed through living or cohabiting with another person
    • Continuity as a result of emotional attachments, rights, and obligations.
    • Close proximity.
    • Intimate awareness of others.
    • Economic benefits.
    • Extended Family
      • Consists of grandparents, aunts, uncles, cousins, and in-laws.
      • May be formed through marriage or birth.
    • Kinship System
      • Kin can be affiliated, as when a nonrelated person is considered “as kin.”
      • A relative may fulfill a different kin role, such as a grandmother’s taking the role of a child’s mother.
    • In 2005, PBS conducted a poll of American attitudes and opinions on family issues.
      • 80% of respondents agreed that it is better for children if their parents are married.
      • 71% believe that “God’s plan for marriage is one man, one woman, for life.”
      • 49% agree that it is okay for a couple to live together without intending to marry.
      • 52% agree that divorce is the best solution for a couple who cannot work out their marriage problems.
      • 55% agree that “Love makes a family . . . and it doesn’t matter if parents are gay or straight, married or single.”
  • Correct - Click anywhere to continue Incorrect - Click anywhere to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing A) Source of intimate relations B) Protection from people different than you C) Act as a unit of economic cooperation D) produce and socilaize children E) maintains religious ideals F) assigns socila roles and status to individuals G) prevents violence against children Submit Clear
  • Correct - Click anywhere to continue Incorrect - Click anywhere to continue You answered this correctly! Your answer: The correct answer is: You did not answer this question completely You must answer the question before continuing A) True B) False Submit Clear
  • Question Feedback/Review Information Will Appear Here Your Score {score} Max Score {max-score} Number of Quiz Attempts {total-attempts} Review Quiz Continue
  •  
    • Families Are Dynamic
      • The family is a dynamic social institution that has undergone considerable change in its structure and functions
    • Families Are Diverse
      • Not all families experience things the same way
    • Outside Influences
      • Outside forces shape family experiences