Planning by degrees“There is a widespread view that a 4ºCfuture is incompatible with organisedglobal community, is like to be beyond‘adaptation’ and is devastating to themajority of eco-systems.”Tyndall.
Pareto’s Rule (via Anderson)The law of the vital few: for many events, roughly 80% of theeffects come from 20% of the causes.80% of emissions come from 20% of the global population.Run it three times...And 50% of global emissions come from 1% of the globalpopulation.Most of us are in the 1%.
Our impact China 24% United States 18% India 6% Russia 6% 2% Japan 4% Germany 3% Canada 2% Iran 2%United Kingdom 2% South Korea 2%
Cities hold the key“The Top 20 cities in the UK are responsible formore than 20% of national carbon emissions andmore than 20% of energy consumption, so localaction by cities will be vital if we are to meet theUK national target of 80% reduction on 1990 levelsby 2050.”RICS 2012
Manchester: A Certain FutureOur stakeholder climate Launched November 2009.change plan has two keyobjectives: Overseen by an independent Steering Group of volunteers• 41% carbon reduction by from public, private and third- 2020, relative to 2005 sector. levels, and;• Low carbon thinking embedded in our operations and lifestyles.
Greater Manchester ClimateChange StrategySets out how the shift to a lowcarbon economy for GM willhelp to establish long-termsustainable economic growth.At the same time asachieving a 48% reduction inCO2 emissions by 2020, from1990 levels (40% from 2005).Approved by AGMA in July2011.
How are we doing?Year Grand total Reduction Population Per capita (ktCO2) from 2005 (000s) (t)2005 3,287 - 447 7.42006 3,374 +2.6% 455 7.42007 3,243 -1.4% 465 7.02008 3,244 -1.3% 473 6.92009 2,885 -12.2% 484 6.02010 3,038 -7.6% 499 6.1
Plans & actionsAction Plans Sector plans• Both universities • Retrofit Strategy (GM)• The Co-operative • EcoCities (adaptation strategy, GM)• Siemens• City Council • Green Infrastructure Plan (GM & Manchester)• Bruntwood • Energy Plan (GM)• Housing Associations • GMCCS Implementation Plan• Environmental Business (GM) Pledge + 60% in 3 years – over 1,800 businesses. • Low carbon hub/green economy
BuildingsNHS Commercial property• Implementing carbon • Bruntwood has been one of the management plans and early movers in this area, rolling coordinating their activities out smart meters and building through their own MACF NHS energy management systems, Group. University Hospital as part of its commitment to South Manchester has been reduce CO2 emissions by 16% awarded the title Britain’s by 2014 - but much more work Greenest Hospital for reducing needed! its carbon emissions by 28% over 5 years.
BuildingsExemplar buildings Green Deal• Two iconic buildings – one new • Housing Associations and build, one retrofit – in the city Councils across GM have entre will be completed in 2013: developed a Housing Retrofit the Co-op’s NOMA and the Strategy and agreed the basis Council’s refurbished Town Hall of a GM Green Deal programme Extension and Central Library to launch in 2013. Also been will be beacons for low carbon given a ‘go early’ approval from buildings. government.
Civil Justice Centre -natural ventilation,solar gain andgroundwater cooling. Denton Corker Marshall
Manchester Art Gallery - energyconsumption of gallery lighting downby 60-70%.
Midland Hotel - Engaging staﬀ,guests and suppliers onsustainability.10%+ year on year energy savingthrough new equipment.Green roof full of herbs!Waste Management is to get to100% separation.www.qhotels.co.uk
Carbon Co-op have successfully design and installed a12kw solar panel array for Unicorn Grocery, a wholefoodco-operative in Chorlton, South Manchester.
EnergySolar Photovoltaics Heat networks• Over 2,000 solar panel • Proposals around Town Hall; installations have registered for Corridor, and East Manchester. the Feed-In-Tariff since April 2010. Installed capacity of Energy centres and CHP 5.7MW renewables. • Low carbon energy centres,Smart Grids & Meters including the Co-operative Group’s NOMA development.• Energy monitors in around 400 households and 100 Energy Plan businesses, public buildings and on loan from libraries. • High level plan completed for Greater Manchester in 2012.
300 charging posts as part of Greater Manchester’s Plugged in Places programme.
TransportMetrolink Cycling• New lines and stops, and new • Interim cycling strategy has vehicles brought into service. been put in place and plans in place through LSTF for cityGreen Buses cycle centres, cycle training and grants for employers and user• 200 ‘green’ buses (mainly groups. hybrids) introduced since 2009. Smart TicketingCar journeys • Integrated smart ticketing will• Number of car trips into city be introduced over next few centre has fallen from 37% in years starting with Metrolink 2006 to 28% in 2012.
Manchester has more GreenFlag parks than any othercity in the UK, a record that Red Rose Foresthas been maintained at 42Green Flags.
Green spacesResearch Tree planting• EcoCities and GRABS projects. • Since 2009, more than 26,600 trees had been planted,GI policies including 26 new community orchards and fruit tree groves.• Incorporated into Council’s statutory Core Strategy Third Sector Planning Document. • Red Rose Forest andBaseline data Groundwork continue to green the city, from tree planting• Detailed baseline of all the through to our first ‘Meanwhile’ city’s G&B has now been food growing projects. established.
Culture shiftManchester Carbon Literacy Carbon budgets• A day’s ‘climate change’ • City Council has begun to use training for all residents and data form energy bills to employees, a standard has allocate carbon budgets to been established, 50 pilot departments, embedding this projects have been undertaken as part of the organisation’s and MCL publicly launched. business planning process.Schools ‘Green’ events• 78 of the city’s 165 schools • The city to establish itself as an have been actively involved in internationally recognised the Eco-Schools programme. sustainable destination by 2020.
Sustainable FoodFood Futures partnership Forgotten Fields (GM)• £60k funding to develop • A collection of projects looking Growing Manchester, a Food at the regions food heritage. Baseline Study and a food exemplar project at New GM Land Army Smithfield Markets. • An army of volunteers to• A Low Carbon menu and audit support local organic growers has been undertaken by and farmers. Manchester Fayre. Manchester Veg People (GM)• Meat Free Mondays and a further 20% reduction in Meat • A new collective of local organic and Dairy in Primary Schools. farmers & growers.
Headline aimsSave more than 30,000 tonnes Increase knowledge, researchof CO2 emissions from and delivery of renewabledomestic properties by 2015, energy technologies;creating the capacity to double understanding and planning ofthat target for the period 2015 the city’s energy needs andto 2017. opportunities; and application of digital technologies forCollaboration between building energy management.owners, occupants and energyservices companies to reduceemissions from community,public and community buildingsby 5% per year.
Headline aimsTo continue the improvement of Ensure the city’s green andsustainable public transport blue infrastructure is providingservices within and to and from optimal benefits to the city inthe city, and to create a terms of quality of life, climateplatform for substantial change adaptation, and widerincreases in journeys on foot, social, economic andby bike and by electric vehicle environmental benefits.in the period 2016 to 2020. To increase the number of organisations who are actively engaged in sustainable consumption and production activity.