Dickson Despommier in Manchester

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Dr Dickson Despomm

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Dickson Despommier in Manchester

  1. 1. Solar Harvesting - PV’s Solar Harvesting - Solar Hotwater Lightweight Steel Frame Extract Vents Chicken Run Hen Hangar Algae Bee Hives Duckw eed Proto zoa Plankt on Shrim p Fish F / o ry 90 o 80 70 o UV tion sa rili 60o Ste o 50 40o Auxhillary Growth Space inc Mushrooms S IC N PO Storage / Service Space O - A ER RO S YD IC O2 Education Space HON - P AS U O2 Q IC RE AON LTU Retain Existing Facade Primary Growing Space O2 P TICU R PURITY O HExternal Growing Space Re ective Mirrors CA RI GH FE SK I D H YI IGH EL E H VA IGH LU HWythernshawe Market e tat os mp Co os t mp Co Drum Composter Local Compost Collection N Key O2 O2 O2 Oxygen Circulation Heat Transfer - Water Heat Transfer - Air Typical Floor Layout
  2. 2. Dr. Dickson Despommier
  3. 3. The Vertical Farm: Keystone Concept to the Sustainable Eco-city July 17, 2011DICKSON EMERITUS PROFESSOR COLUMBIA UNIVERSITYDESPOMMIER, Ph.D.
  4. 4. Yesterday’s Visions
  5. 5. In the past, we envisioned a domed city to protect us from nature Buckminster Fuller’s domed Manhattan
  6. 6. Today, we dome our endangered plants to protect them from us! Eden Project Cornwall England
  7. 7. Tomorrow’sMetropolis?
  8. 8. The “Jetsons” Vision
  9. 9. Eco-socialists View of Utopia
  10. 10. …or worse!
  11. 11. Imminent Utopia Kris Kuksi
  12. 12. The ChallengesSafe and Abundant Water SupplyFood Safety and SecurityEngaging Society in Environmental SustainabilityReducing Dependence on Fossil Fuels
  13. 13. Agricultural Footprint Billion6.8 People Not including grazing lands
  14. 14. World Population GrowthBillion 10 By the year 2050 our species will increase 8 by another 3 billion people 6 4 Developing Regions 2 Industrialized Regions 0 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050 Sources: United Nations Population Division and Population References Bureau, 1993
  15. 15. 6.8 Agricultural Footprint + 3 Billion PeopleBillionPeople Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change David Tilman, et al. SCIENCE Vol 292—April, 2001
  16. 16. 80%of the Earth’s available land is already farmed
  17. 17. 20% of US Fossil Herbicides Fuel Use Food requires AGRICULTURE produces AgriculturalFertilizers Pesticides Runoff 70% of Available Fresh Water
  18. 18. Agricultural Runoff is Destroying the World’s Oceans<1010–2020–4040–6060–80>80Percent Increasein TN River Flux Dead Zones US Floods: 1993, 2007, 2008
  19. 19. Within 20 years, 80% of us will live in cities or suburbs
  20. 20. Cities: Footprint = 2-3% of Earth’s land massResponsible for 70% of our carbon emissions
  21. 21. The CityResources in Wastes out Water Solids Energy Liquids Food “Black Box” Gasses
  22. 22. Neither Were Yesterday’s Cities Jericho Babylon Troy All Mesoamerican Cities Memphis (Egypt) Sparta Carthage Rome Angkor Wat
  23. 23. Provide a sustainable, safe Repair and abundant AND Earth’s food and water damagedsupply for 10 billion ecosystems? people? Can We?
  24. 24. We Can If we Want To
  25. 25. The Future of Agriculture: Growing SoillessHydroponics Aeroponics Drip Irrigation
  26. 26. Look At What We Can Do Now Lettuce from Tennessee TomatoesRice from Japan EuroFresh Farms, Willcox, Arizona
  27. 27. Endless Possibilities
  28. 28. The Hydroponic Shopping Cart Berries Legumes Leafy Greens Herbs & Spices Blackcurrant Soybeans Asparagus Arugula Blueberry Peanuts Butterhead Lettuce Banana Pepper Cranberry Broccoli Brussels Bay Leaves Huckleberry Sprout Cauliflower Chile Peppers Loganberries Celery Chervil Raspberry Melons Charita Lettuce Chives Strawberry Cantaloupe Chinese Cabbage Cilantro Muskamelon Collared Greens Cinnamon Basil Bush Vegetables Pumpkin, Estelle Lettuce Coriander Green Bean Watermelon Garlic Chives Curry Leaf Dill Tomato-- beefsteak, campari, Green Coral Lettuce, Fennel plum, cherry, globe Root Vegetables Green Oak Leaf French Tarragon Beet Lettuce, Green Basil Specialty Crops Belgian Endive Kale Lavender Coffee Carrot Kuala Lettuce Lemon Basil Grapes Onions Mizuna Mustard Lemon Thyme Luffa Sponge Potato Peas Marjoram Mint Olives Radish Red Coral Lettuce Opal Basil Sunflower Sweet Potato Red Oak Leaf Oregano Lettuce Wheat Grass Parsley Romaine Lettuce Grains Rocket Roxy Lettuce, Vine Vegetables Barley Rosemary Spinach Cucumber Corn, Sage Sakura Cress Swiss Chard Eggplant Wheat Thai Basil Upland Cress Okra Rice Watercress Squash Yellow Pea ShootsHydroponics Sweet Bell Pepper Zucchini
  29. 29. Apply these proven indoor The Result:agricultural strategies togrowing food in buildingslocated within the urban Verticallandscape… Farming
  30. 30. Advantages of a Vertical Farm5 ALLOWS RESTORATION OF DAMAGED ECOSYSTEMS USES 70% LESS WATER, NO AGRO-4 CHEMICALS, NO FOSSIL FUELS3 NO CROP LOSS FROM SEVERE WEATHER EVENTS2 YEAR ROUND CROP PRODUCTION1 NO AGRICULTURAL RUNOFF
  31. 31. Advantages of a Vertical Farm CAN GROW BIO-FUELS,10 PLANT-DERIVED DRUGS9 USES ABANDONED CITY PROPERTIES SUPPLIES FRESH PRODUCE FOR8 INNER CITY DWELLERS7 CREATES NEW JOBS6 REMEDIATES GRAY WATER
  32. 32. Creating The Eco-City
  33. 33. Look To Naturehttp://www.biomimicryinstitute.org/
  34. 34. Nature’s Master Plan: The Ecosystem
  35. 35. Biodiversity
  36. 36. Balance
  37. 37. Resiliency
  38. 38. Sustainability
  39. 39. Ecosystems “Live Within Their Means”Solar Constant = 2 calories/cm2/minute
  40. 40. EcosystemsEveryone getstheir fair share Terrestrial Aquatic
  41. 41. The Vertical Farm: Key to Eco-Urbanization The Vertical Farm is the centerpiece for creating an eco-city in which all human activities reflect ecological process.
  42. 42. Vertical Farm Tool Box Hydroponics Automation Aeroponics Water Re-capture Drip Irrigation Passive EnergyWaste-to-Energy LED Lighting
  43. 43. The Sustainable Eco-City (employs cutting-edge technologies)CITY DRINKING Vertical CITY ENERGY WATER Farm GRID FoodPotable Water Energy Metabolic By-Products (urine, feces) Gray Water Plasma Remediation Liquid Municipal Waste Gasification Gray Water Sludge
  44. 44. Can weactually doany of this?
  45. 45. We are already doing it
  46. 46. Santa Ana, CaliforniaBlack water Gray water Drinking water
  47. 47. Purifying gray water into drinking water creates other problems, like social marketing
  48. 48. Plasma Arc Gasification is Gaining Traction in Japan
  49. 49. The Rise Of Vertical Farms ___________________________________ Nuvege – Kyoto, Japan PlantLab – Den Bosch, Holland Cevesca 2 story VF – Seattle5 Story retro-fitted office block – Manchester, England Growing Power 5 story VF – Milwaukee 3 story VF – Jackson, Wyoming
  50. 50. Seoul, Korea
  51. 51. NuvegeKyoto, Japan
  52. 52. Holland
  53. 53. Jackson, Wyoming
  54. 54. Growing Power 5 Story Vertical Farm
  55. 55. Cities Planning A Vertical Farm _______________ Singapore Manchester, England Milwaukee, USA Jackson Hole, USA
  56. 56. Cities interested in creating a vertical farmNew York City (2008 presentation to Manhattan Boro president’s office, Scott Stringer)Newark, NJ (2 presentations - 2009,2010 - to Mayor’s office, Stephan Pryor)Jersey City, NJ (2010 presentation to City planners office)Chicago, Ill.Newark, DelawareBeijing, China (Conference on metropolitan agriculture)Incheon, Korea (2007 presentation to City planners office)SingaporeVancouver, CanadaSurrey, Canada (2009 presentation to Mayor’s office)Milan, Italy (Expo 2015 organizers)Las Vegas, NevadaAmman, Jordan (2009 presentation to Mayor’s office)Doha, QatarRiyadh, Saudi Arabia
  57. 57. It’s time to stop talking… …and START DOING!
  58. 58. Save Water
  59. 59. Farm Smart
  60. 60. Help Keep Our Blue Planet Green!
  61. 61. Thank You!
  62. 62. Solar Harvesting - PV’s Solar Harvesting - Solar Hotwater Lightweight Steel Frame Extract Vents Chicken Run Hen Hangar Algae Bee Hives Duckw eed Proto zoa Plankt on Shrim p Fish F / ry alphafarm.org o 90 o 80 70 o UV tion sa rili 60o Ste o 50 40o Auxhillary Growth Space inc Mushrooms S IC N PO Storage / Service Space O - A ER RO S YD IC O2 Education Space HON - P AS U O2 Q IC RE AON LTU Retain Existing Facade Primary Growing Space O2 P TICU R PURITY O HExternal Growing Space Re ective Mirrors CA RI GH FE SK I D H YI IGH EL E H VA IGH LU HWythernshawe Market e tat os mp Co os t mp Co Drum Composter Local Compost Collection N Key O2 O2 O2 Oxygen Circulation Heat Transfer - Water Heat Transfer - Air Typical Floor Layout

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