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Dickson Despommier in Manchester

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Dr Dickson Despomm

Dr Dickson Despomm

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  • 1. Solar Harvesting - PV’s Solar Harvesting - Solar Hotwater Lightweight Steel Frame Extract Vents Chicken Run Hen Hangar Algae Bee Hives Duckw eed Proto zoa Plankt on Shrim p Fish F / o ry 90 o 80 70 o UV tion sa rili 60o Ste o 50 40o Auxhillary Growth Space inc Mushrooms S IC N PO Storage / Service Space O - A ER RO S YD IC O2 Education Space HON - P AS U O2 Q IC RE AON LTU Retain Existing Facade Primary Growing Space O2 P TICU R PURITY O HExternal Growing Space Re ective Mirrors CA RI GH FE SK I D H YI IGH EL E H VA IGH LU HWythernshawe Market e tat os mp Co os t mp Co Drum Composter Local Compost Collection N Key O2 O2 O2 Oxygen Circulation Heat Transfer - Water Heat Transfer - Air Typical Floor Layout
  • 2. Dr. Dickson Despommier
  • 3. The Vertical Farm: Keystone Concept to the Sustainable Eco-city July 17, 2011DICKSON EMERITUS PROFESSOR COLUMBIA UNIVERSITYDESPOMMIER, Ph.D.
  • 4. Yesterday’s Visions
  • 5. In the past, we envisioned a domed city to protect us from nature Buckminster Fuller’s domed Manhattan
  • 6. Today, we dome our endangered plants to protect them from us! Eden Project Cornwall England
  • 7. Tomorrow’sMetropolis?
  • 8. The “Jetsons” Vision
  • 9. Eco-socialists View of Utopia
  • 10. …or worse!
  • 11. Imminent Utopia Kris Kuksi
  • 12. The ChallengesSafe and Abundant Water SupplyFood Safety and SecurityEngaging Society in Environmental SustainabilityReducing Dependence on Fossil Fuels
  • 13. Agricultural Footprint Billion6.8 People Not including grazing lands
  • 14. World Population GrowthBillion 10 By the year 2050 our species will increase 8 by another 3 billion people 6 4 Developing Regions 2 Industrialized Regions 0 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050 Sources: United Nations Population Division and Population References Bureau, 1993
  • 15. 6.8 Agricultural Footprint + 3 Billion PeopleBillionPeople Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change David Tilman, et al. SCIENCE Vol 292—April, 2001
  • 16. 80%of the Earth’s available land is already farmed
  • 17. 20% of US Fossil Herbicides Fuel Use Food requires AGRICULTURE produces AgriculturalFertilizers Pesticides Runoff 70% of Available Fresh Water
  • 18. Agricultural Runoff is Destroying the World’s Oceans<1010–2020–4040–6060–80>80Percent Increasein TN River Flux Dead Zones US Floods: 1993, 2007, 2008
  • 19. Within 20 years, 80% of us will live in cities or suburbs
  • 20. Cities: Footprint = 2-3% of Earth’s land massResponsible for 70% of our carbon emissions
  • 21. The CityResources in Wastes out Water Solids Energy Liquids Food “Black Box” Gasses
  • 22. Neither Were Yesterday’s Cities Jericho Babylon Troy All Mesoamerican Cities Memphis (Egypt) Sparta Carthage Rome Angkor Wat
  • 23. Provide a sustainable, safe Repair and abundant AND Earth’s food and water damagedsupply for 10 billion ecosystems? people? Can We?
  • 24. We Can If we Want To
  • 25. The Future of Agriculture: Growing SoillessHydroponics Aeroponics Drip Irrigation
  • 26. Look At What We Can Do Now Lettuce from Tennessee TomatoesRice from Japan EuroFresh Farms, Willcox, Arizona
  • 27. Endless Possibilities
  • 28. The Hydroponic Shopping Cart Berries Legumes Leafy Greens Herbs & Spices Blackcurrant Soybeans Asparagus Arugula Blueberry Peanuts Butterhead Lettuce Banana Pepper Cranberry Broccoli Brussels Bay Leaves Huckleberry Sprout Cauliflower Chile Peppers Loganberries Celery Chervil Raspberry Melons Charita Lettuce Chives Strawberry Cantaloupe Chinese Cabbage Cilantro Muskamelon Collared Greens Cinnamon Basil Bush Vegetables Pumpkin, Estelle Lettuce Coriander Green Bean Watermelon Garlic Chives Curry Leaf Dill Tomato-- beefsteak, campari, Green Coral Lettuce, Fennel plum, cherry, globe Root Vegetables Green Oak Leaf French Tarragon Beet Lettuce, Green Basil Specialty Crops Belgian Endive Kale Lavender Coffee Carrot Kuala Lettuce Lemon Basil Grapes Onions Mizuna Mustard Lemon Thyme Luffa Sponge Potato Peas Marjoram Mint Olives Radish Red Coral Lettuce Opal Basil Sunflower Sweet Potato Red Oak Leaf Oregano Lettuce Wheat Grass Parsley Romaine Lettuce Grains Rocket Roxy Lettuce, Vine Vegetables Barley Rosemary Spinach Cucumber Corn, Sage Sakura Cress Swiss Chard Eggplant Wheat Thai Basil Upland Cress Okra Rice Watercress Squash Yellow Pea ShootsHydroponics Sweet Bell Pepper Zucchini
  • 29. Apply these proven indoor The Result:agricultural strategies togrowing food in buildingslocated within the urban Verticallandscape… Farming
  • 30. Advantages of a Vertical Farm5 ALLOWS RESTORATION OF DAMAGED ECOSYSTEMS USES 70% LESS WATER, NO AGRO-4 CHEMICALS, NO FOSSIL FUELS3 NO CROP LOSS FROM SEVERE WEATHER EVENTS2 YEAR ROUND CROP PRODUCTION1 NO AGRICULTURAL RUNOFF
  • 31. Advantages of a Vertical Farm CAN GROW BIO-FUELS,10 PLANT-DERIVED DRUGS9 USES ABANDONED CITY PROPERTIES SUPPLIES FRESH PRODUCE FOR8 INNER CITY DWELLERS7 CREATES NEW JOBS6 REMEDIATES GRAY WATER
  • 32. Creating The Eco-City
  • 33. Look To Naturehttp://www.biomimicryinstitute.org/
  • 34. Nature’s Master Plan: The Ecosystem
  • 35. Biodiversity
  • 36. Balance
  • 37. Resiliency
  • 38. Sustainability
  • 39. Ecosystems “Live Within Their Means”Solar Constant = 2 calories/cm2/minute
  • 40. EcosystemsEveryone getstheir fair share Terrestrial Aquatic
  • 41. The Vertical Farm: Key to Eco-Urbanization The Vertical Farm is the centerpiece for creating an eco-city in which all human activities reflect ecological process.
  • 42. Vertical Farm Tool Box Hydroponics Automation Aeroponics Water Re-capture Drip Irrigation Passive EnergyWaste-to-Energy LED Lighting
  • 43. The Sustainable Eco-City (employs cutting-edge technologies)CITY DRINKING Vertical CITY ENERGY WATER Farm GRID FoodPotable Water Energy Metabolic By-Products (urine, feces) Gray Water Plasma Remediation Liquid Municipal Waste Gasification Gray Water Sludge
  • 44. Can weactually doany of this?
  • 45. We are already doing it
  • 46. Santa Ana, CaliforniaBlack water Gray water Drinking water
  • 47. Purifying gray water into drinking water creates other problems, like social marketing
  • 48. Plasma Arc Gasification is Gaining Traction in Japan
  • 49. The Rise Of Vertical Farms ___________________________________ Nuvege – Kyoto, Japan PlantLab – Den Bosch, Holland Cevesca 2 story VF – Seattle5 Story retro-fitted office block – Manchester, England Growing Power 5 story VF – Milwaukee 3 story VF – Jackson, Wyoming
  • 50. Seoul, Korea
  • 51. NuvegeKyoto, Japan
  • 52. Holland
  • 53. Jackson, Wyoming
  • 54. Growing Power 5 Story Vertical Farm
  • 55. Cities Planning A Vertical Farm _______________ Singapore Manchester, England Milwaukee, USA Jackson Hole, USA
  • 56. Cities interested in creating a vertical farmNew York City (2008 presentation to Manhattan Boro president’s office, Scott Stringer)Newark, NJ (2 presentations - 2009,2010 - to Mayor’s office, Stephan Pryor)Jersey City, NJ (2010 presentation to City planners office)Chicago, Ill.Newark, DelawareBeijing, China (Conference on metropolitan agriculture)Incheon, Korea (2007 presentation to City planners office)SingaporeVancouver, CanadaSurrey, Canada (2009 presentation to Mayor’s office)Milan, Italy (Expo 2015 organizers)Las Vegas, NevadaAmman, Jordan (2009 presentation to Mayor’s office)Doha, QatarRiyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 57. It’s time to stop talking… …and START DOING!
  • 58. Save Water
  • 59. Farm Smart
  • 60. Help Keep Our Blue Planet Green!
  • 61. Thank You!
  • 62. Solar Harvesting - PV’s Solar Harvesting - Solar Hotwater Lightweight Steel Frame Extract Vents Chicken Run Hen Hangar Algae Bee Hives Duckw eed Proto zoa Plankt on Shrim p Fish F / ry alphafarm.org o 90 o 80 70 o UV tion sa rili 60o Ste o 50 40o Auxhillary Growth Space inc Mushrooms S IC N PO Storage / Service Space O - A ER RO S YD IC O2 Education Space HON - P AS U O2 Q IC RE AON LTU Retain Existing Facade Primary Growing Space O2 P TICU R PURITY O HExternal Growing Space Re ective Mirrors CA RI GH FE SK I D H YI IGH EL E H VA IGH LU HWythernshawe Market e tat os mp Co os t mp Co Drum Composter Local Compost Collection N Key O2 O2 O2 Oxygen Circulation Heat Transfer - Water Heat Transfer - Air Typical Floor Layout