Dickson Despommier at Manchester International Festival

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A presentation given by Dr Dickson Despommier at the Manchester International Festival on 17 July 2011.

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  • Dickson Despommier at Manchester International Festival

    1. 1. Solar Harvesting - PV’s Solar Harvesting - Solar Hotwater Lightweight Steel Frame Extract Vents Chicken Run Hen Hangar Algae Bee Hives Duckw eed Proto zoa Plankt on Shrim p Fish F / o ry 90 o 80 70 o UV tion sa rili 60o Ste o 50 40o Auxhillary Growth Space inc Mushrooms S IC N PO Storage / Service Space O - A ER RO S YD IC O2 Education Space HON - P AS U O2 Q IC RE AON LTU Retain Existing Facade Primary Growing Space O2 P TICU R PURITY O HExternal Growing Space Re ective Mirrors CA RI GH FE SK I D H YI IGH EL E H VA IGH LU HWythernshawe Market e tat os mp Co os t mp Co Drum Composter Local Compost Collection N Key O2 O2 O2 Oxygen Circulation Heat Transfer - Water Heat Transfer - Air Typical Floor Layout
    2. 2. Dr. Dickson Despommier
    3. 3. The Vertical Farm: Keystone Concept to the Sustainable Eco-city July 17, 2011DICKSON EMERITUS PROFESSOR COLUMBIA UNIVERSITYDESPOMMIER, Ph.D.
    4. 4. Yesterday’s Visions
    5. 5. In the past, we envisioned a domed city to protect us from nature Buckminster Fuller’s domed Manhattan
    6. 6. Today, we dome our endangered plants to protect them from us! Eden Project Cornwall England
    7. 7. Tomorrow’sMetropolis?
    8. 8. The “Jetsons” Vision
    9. 9. Eco-socialists View of Utopia
    10. 10. …or worse!
    11. 11. Imminent Utopia Kris Kuksi
    12. 12. The Challenges
    13. 13. The ChallengesSafe and Abundant Water SupplyFood Safety and SecurityEngaging Society in Environmental SustainabilityReducing Dependence on Fossil Fuels
    14. 14. 6.8
    15. 15. Agricultural Footprint Billion6.8 People Not including grazing lands
    16. 16. World Population Growth
    17. 17. World Population GrowthBillion 10 8 6 4 Developing Regions 2 Industrialized Regions 0 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050 Sources: United Nations Population Division and Population References Bureau, 1993
    18. 18. World Population GrowthBillion 10 By the year 2050 our species will 8 increase by another 3 billion people 6 4 Developing Regions 2 Industrialized Regions 0 1750 1800 1850 1900 1950 2000 2050 Sources: United Nations Population Division and Population References Bureau, 1993
    19. 19. 6.8BillionPeople
    20. 20. Agricultural Footprint 36.8Billion + Billion PeoplePeople Forecasting Agriculturally Driven Global Environmental Change David Tilman, et al. SCIENCE Vol 292—April, 2001
    21. 21. 80%of the Earth’s available land is already farmed
    22. 22. AGRICULTURE
    23. 23. 20% of US Fossil Herbicides Fuel Use requires AGRICULTUREFertilizers Pesticides 70% of Available Fresh Water
    24. 24. 20% of US Fossil Herbicides Fuel Use Food requires AGRICULTURE produces AgriculturalFertilizers Pesticides Runoff 70% of Available Fresh Water
    25. 25. Agricultural Runoff is Destroying the World’s Oceans<1010–2020–4040–6060–80>80Percent Increasein TN River Flux
    26. 26. Agricultural Runoff is Destroying the World’s Oceans<1010–2020–4040–6060–80>80Percent Increasein TN River Flux Dead Zones
    27. 27. Agricultural Runoff is Destroying the World’s Oceans<1010–2020–4040–6060–80>80Percent Increasein TN River Flux Dead Zones US Floods: 1993, 2007, 2008
    28. 28. Within 20 years, 80% of us will live in cities or suburbs
    29. 29. Cities: Footprint = 2-3% of Earth’s land massResponsible for 70% of our carbon emissions
    30. 30. Resources in Wastes out Water Solids Energy Liquids Gasses Food “Black Box”
    31. 31. The CityResources in Wastes out Water Solids Energy Liquids Gasses Food “Black Box”
    32. 32. Neither Were Yesterday’s Cities Jericho Babylon Troy All Mesoamerican Cities Memphis (Egypt) Sparta Carthage Rome Angkor Wat
    33. 33. Provide a sustainable, safe and abundant food and watersupply for 10 billion people? Can We?
    34. 34. Provide a sustainable, safe Repair and abundant Earth’s AND food and water damagedsupply for 10 billion ecosystems? people? Can We?
    35. 35. We Can If we Want To
    36. 36. The Future of Agriculture: Growing SoillessHydroponics Aeroponics Drip Irrigation
    37. 37. Lettuce from Tennessee TomatoesRice from Japan EuroFresh Farms, Willcox, Arizona
    38. 38. Look At What We Can Do Now Lettuce from Tennessee TomatoesRice from Japan EuroFresh Farms, Willcox, Arizona
    39. 39. Endless Possibilities
    40. 40. The Hydroponic Shopping Cart Berries Legumes Leafy Greens Herbs & Spices Blackcurrant Soybeans Asparagus Arugula Blueberry Peanuts Butterhead Lettuce Banana Pepper Cranberry Broccoli Brussels Bay Leaves Huckleberry Sprout Cauliflower Chile Peppers Loganberries Celery Chervil Raspberry Melons Charita Lettuce Chives Strawberry Cantaloupe Chinese Cabbage Cilantro Muskamelon Collared Greens Cinnamon Basil Bush Vegetables Pumpkin, Estelle Lettuce Coriander Green Bean Watermelon Garlic Chives Curry Leaf Dill Tomato-- beefsteak, campari, Green Coral Lettuce, Fennel plum, cherry, globe Root Vegetables Green Oak Leaf French Tarragon Beet Lettuce, Green Basil Specialty Crops Belgian Endive Kale Lavender Coffee Carrot Kuala Lettuce Lemon Basil Grapes Onions Mizuna Mustard Lemon Thyme Luffa Sponge Potato Peas Marjoram Mint Olives Radish Red Coral Lettuce Opal Basil Sunflower Sweet Potato Red Oak Leaf Oregano Lettuce Wheat Grass Parsley Romaine Lettuce Grains Rocket Roxy Lettuce, Vine Vegetables Barley Rosemary Spinach Cucumber Corn, Sage Sakura Cress Swiss Chard Eggplant Wheat Thai Basil Upland Cress Okra Rice Watercress Squash Yellow Pea ShootsHydroponics Sweet Bell Pepper Zucchini
    41. 41. Apply these proven indooragricultural strategies togrowing food in buildingslocated within the urbanlandscape…
    42. 42. Apply these proven indoor The Result:agricultural strategies togrowing food in buildingslocated within the urban Verticallandscape… Farming
    43. 43. Advantages of a Vertical Farm
    44. 44. Advantages of a Vertical Farm1 NO AGRICULTURAL RUNOFF
    45. 45. Advantages of a Vertical Farm2 YEAR ROUND CROP PRODUCTION1 NO AGRICULTURAL RUNOFF
    46. 46. Advantages of a Vertical Farm3 NO CROP LOSS FROM SEVERE WEATHER EVENTS2 YEAR ROUND CROP PRODUCTION1 NO AGRICULTURAL RUNOFF
    47. 47. Advantages of a Vertical Farm USES 70% LESS WATER, NO AGRO-4 CHEMICALS, NO FOSSIL FUELS3 NO CROP LOSS FROM SEVERE WEATHER EVENTS2 YEAR ROUND CROP PRODUCTION1 NO AGRICULTURAL RUNOFF
    48. 48. Advantages of a Vertical Farm5 ALLOWS RESTORATION OF DAMAGED ECOSYSTEMS USES 70% LESS WATER, NO AGRO-4 CHEMICALS, NO FOSSIL FUELS3 NO CROP LOSS FROM SEVERE WEATHER EVENTS2 YEAR ROUND CROP PRODUCTION1 NO AGRICULTURAL RUNOFF
    49. 49. Advantages of a Vertical Farm
    50. 50. Advantages of a Vertical Farm6 REMEDIATES GRAY WATER
    51. 51. Advantages of a Vertical Farm7 CREATES NEW JOBS6 REMEDIATES GRAY WATER
    52. 52. Advantages of a Vertical Farm SUPPLIES FRESH PRODUCE FOR8 INNER CITY DWELLERS7 CREATES NEW JOBS6 REMEDIATES GRAY WATER
    53. 53. Advantages of a Vertical Farm9 USES ABANDONED CITY PROPERTIES SUPPLIES FRESH PRODUCE FOR8 INNER CITY DWELLERS7 CREATES NEW JOBS6 REMEDIATES GRAY WATER
    54. 54. Advantages of a Vertical Farm CAN GROW BIO-FUELS,10 PLANT-DERIVED DRUGS9 USES ABANDONED CITY PROPERTIES SUPPLIES FRESH PRODUCE FOR8 INNER CITY DWELLERS7 CREATES NEW JOBS6 REMEDIATES GRAY WATER
    55. 55. Creating The Eco-City
    56. 56. http://www.biomimicryinstitute.org/
    57. 57. Look To Naturehttp://www.biomimicryinstitute.org/
    58. 58. Nature’s Master Plan: The Ecosystem
    59. 59. Biodiversity
    60. 60. Balance
    61. 61. Resiliency
    62. 62. Sustainability
    63. 63. Solar Constant = 2 calories/cm2/minute
    64. 64. Ecosystems “Live Within Their Means”Solar Constant = 2 calories/cm2/minute
    65. 65. Everyone getstheir fair share Terrestrial Aquatic
    66. 66. EcosystemsEveryone getstheir fair share Terrestrial Aquatic
    67. 67. The Vertical Farm: Key to Eco-Urbanization The Vertical Farm is the centerpiece for creating an eco-city in which all human activities reflect ecological process.
    68. 68. Vertical Farm Tool Box Hydroponics Automation Aeroponics Water Re-capture Drip Irrigation Passive EnergyWaste-to-Energy LED Lighting
    69. 69. The Sustainable Eco-City(employs cutting-edge technologies)
    70. 70. The Sustainable Eco-City (employs cutting-edge technologies)CITY DRINKING Vertical CITY ENERGY WATER Farm GRID FoodPotable Water Energy Metabolic By-Products (urine, feces) Gray Water Plasma Remediation Liquid Municipal Waste Gasification Gray Water Sludge
    71. 71. Can weactually doany of this?
    72. 72. We are already doing it
    73. 73. Black water Gray water Drinking water
    74. 74. Santa Ana, CaliforniaBlack water Gray water Drinking water
    75. 75. Purifying gray water into drinking water creates other problems, like social marketing
    76. 76. Plasma Arc Gasification is Gaining Traction in Japan
    77. 77. The Rise Of Vertical Farms ___________________________________ Nuvege – Kyoto, Japan PlantLab – Den Bosch, Holland Cevesca 2 story VF – Seattle5 Story retro-fitted office block – Manchester, England Growing Power 5 story VF – Milwaukee 3 story VF – Jackson, Wyoming
    78. 78. Seoul, Korea
    79. 79. NuvegeKyoto, Japan
    80. 80. Holland
    81. 81. Jackson, Wyoming
    82. 82. Growing Power 5 Story Vertical Farm
    83. 83. Cities Planning A Vertical Farm _______________ Singapore Manchester, England Milwaukee, USA Jackson Hole, USA
    84. 84. New York City (2008 presentation to Manhattan Boro president’s office, Scott Stringer)Newark, NJ (2 presentations - 2009,2010 - to Mayor’s office, Stephan Pryor)Jersey City, NJ (2010 presentation to City planners office)Chicago, Ill.Newark, DelawareBeijing, China (Conference on metropolitan agriculture)Incheon, Korea (2007 presentation to City planners office)SingaporeVancouver, CanadaSurrey, Canada (2009 presentation to Mayor’s office)Milan, Italy (Expo 2015 organizers)Las Vegas, NevadaAmman, Jordan (2009 presentation to Mayor’s office)Doha, QatarRiyadh, Saudi Arabia
    85. 85. Cities interested in creating a vertical farmNew York City (2008 presentation to Manhattan Boro president’s office, Scott Stringer)Newark, NJ (2 presentations - 2009,2010 - to Mayor’s office, Stephan Pryor)Jersey City, NJ (2010 presentation to City planners office)Chicago, Ill.Newark, DelawareBeijing, China (Conference on metropolitan agriculture)Incheon, Korea (2007 presentation to City planners office)SingaporeVancouver, CanadaSurrey, Canada (2009 presentation to Mayor’s office)Milan, Italy (Expo 2015 organizers)Las Vegas, NevadaAmman, Jordan (2009 presentation to Mayor’s office)Doha, QatarRiyadh, Saudi Arabia
    86. 86. It’s time to stop talking…
    87. 87. …and START DOING!
    88. 88. Save Water
    89. 89. Farm Smart
    90. 90. Help Keep Our Blue Planet Green!
    91. 91. Thank You!
    92. 92. Solar Harvesting - PV’s Solar Harvesting - Solar Hotwater Lightweight Steel Frame Extract Vents Chicken Run Hen Hangar Algae Bee Hives Duckw eed Proto zoa Plankt on Shrim p Fish F / ry alphafarm.org o 90 o 80 70 o UV tion sa rili 60o Ste o 50 40o Auxhillary Growth Space inc Mushrooms S IC N PO Storage / Service Space O - A ER RO S YD IC O2 Education Space HON - P AS U O2 Q IC RE AON LTU Retain Existing Facade Primary Growing Space O2 P TICU R PURITY O HExternal Growing Space Re ective Mirrors CA RI GH FE SK I D H YI IGH EL E H VA IGH LU HWythernshawe Market e tat os mp Co os t mp Co Drum Composter Local Compost Collection N Key O2 O2 O2 Oxygen Circulation Heat Transfer - Water Heat Transfer - Air Typical Floor Layout

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