• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Digital Journalism Ethics
 

Digital Journalism Ethics

on

  • 556 views

These are slides for an ethics workshop for the staff of the Las Cruces Sun-News

These are slides for an ethics workshop for the staff of the Las Cruces Sun-News

Statistics

Views

Total Views
556
Views on SlideShare
556
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
10
Comments
1

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel

11 of 1 previous next

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • I'm writing a research paper on plagiarism in the news. Do you know where I might find peer-reviewed literature on items i your presentation such as linking and attribution?
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • We’ll also discuss the Denver plane crash that Mike Wilson survived and how the media missed an opportunity by not using Twitter.

Digital Journalism Ethics Digital Journalism Ethics Presentation Transcript

  • Digital Journalism Ethics Steve Buttry Las Cruces Sun-News November 2013 #DigitalEthics
  • SPJ Code of Ethics* • • • • Seek truth & report it Minimize harm Act independently Be accountable * Committee considering an update
  • Poynter Guiding Principles* • Truthfulness • Transparency • Community *Updated this year
  • Ethical issues • Accuracy & verification • Verifying images • Opinions • Personal vs. pro social media use • • • • • • Corrections Attribution Transparency Crowdsourcing Social media photos Confidential sources
  • Context helps verify • Check profile (name, bio, link) • Check timeline (what do earlier tweets/updates tell you?) • Check followers & timelines (replies, RTs) • Expand tweets to see conversation • Follow; DM or tweet asking for interview • Make screen grabs (they might delete)
  • Vetting & verifying • Track back RTs, etc. to source • Look for clusters • Location enabled? • Evaluate the network • Evaluate the history • Links, photos? • Take it old school • Disclose, hedge, repeat • Be brave only in correction Tips from Craig Silverman, Regret the Error
  • Evaluating tweeps • • • • • • How long have they been tweeting? Check previous tweets, interaction Check bio, links Check Klout score Google name and scam, spammer Contact & interview Tips from Mandy Jenkins, Zombie Journalism
  • Verification • Treat social media as tip service • Consider situation, content, context Always ask: • How do you know that? • How do they know that?
  • If your mother says she loves you … • • • • Check her Twitter timeline, bio, links Check her Facebook posts Check followers & friends Google her
  • Ethical issues • Accuracy & verification • Verifying images • Opinions • Personal vs. pro social media use • • • • • • Corrections Attribution Transparency Crowdsourcing Social media photos Confidential sources
  • Verifying images Places to verify images: http://www.google.com/images http://tineye.com http://karmadecay.com/ http://www.nieman.harvard.edu/reports/a rticle/102787/The-Process-ofVerification.aspx
  • Ethical issues • Accuracy & verification • Verifying images • Opinions • Personal vs. pro social media use • • • • • • Corrections Attribution Transparency Crowdsourcing Social media photos Confidential sources
  • Guidelines on opinions • Situation guides whether opinions are appropriate • Discuss w/ editor whether opinions are appropriate for your position • Consult if pushing boundaries • You can be personable without expressing opinions
  • Opinion types • • • • • Analysis Personal perspective Commentary Advocacy Off your beat (news reporter stating sports or entertainment opinions) • Journalism issues
  • Opinion formats • • • • • • Editorial Column Blog (doesn’t have to be opinion) Social media Comments on stories Public appearances (radio, civic clubs)
  • Ethical issues • Accuracy & verification • Verifying images • Opinions • Personal vs. pro social media use • • • • • • Corrections Attribution Transparency Crowdsourcing Social media photos Confidential sources
  • Personal vs. pro • Always identify on personal accounts (or disclose to boss) • Even if account is private, behave professionally • Be personable on pro account
  • Ethical issues • Accuracy & verification • Verifying images • Opinions • Personal vs. pro social media use • • • • • • Corrections Attribution Transparency Crowdsourcing Social media photos Confidential sources
  • Corrections • • • • Acknowledge the error & say what it was Verify before correcting Correct in platforms where you erred For serious errors, reach out to those who have RT’d, shared, linked • Examine processes to prevent future errors.
  • Ethical issues • Accuracy & verification • Verifying images • Opinions • Personal vs. pro social media use • • • • • • Corrections Attribution Transparency Crowdsourcing Social media photos Confidential sources
  • Plagiarism … … is a firing offense. Don’t: • Lift passages from other sources without attribution & link
  • Plagiarism … … is a firing offense. Don’t: • Lift passages from other sources without attribution & link • Lift quotes from other media w/o attribution (to media, not just speaker)
  • Plagiarism … … is a firing offense. Don’t: • Lift passages from other sources without attribution & link • Lift quotes from other media w/o attribution (to media, not just speaker) • Lift from press release without attribution (& link if it’s online)
  • Plagiarism … … is a firing offense. Don’t: • Lift passages from other sources without attribution & link • Lift quotes from other media w/o attribution (to media, not just speaker) • Lift from press release without attribution (& link if it’s online) • Rewrite w/o attribution & link
  • Links = good business • Better SEO for better search traffic • Pingbacks, alerts from links bring direct traffic • Pingbacks, alerts from links may bring new inbound links & social mentions • Links = traffic = revenue = journo jobs
  • Links = good journalism • • • • • • • Context Depth Attribution Credibility Clarity Honesty Transparency
  • Attribution in social media • Native “share” or “retweet” carries attribution • RT or MT (modified tweet) if adding comment • HT or h/t for “heard through” or “hat tip” • Not necessary to repeat attribution endlessly in livetweeting
  • Embeds > links • Embeds are the ultimate attribution • Embed tweets, videos, slides, source documents • Facebook & Instagram recently added embed codes • Embedding tools: Storify, Spundge, Scribd, Document Cloud, SlideShare
  • No attribution needed: • What you witnessed personally • Common knowledge • Calendar (unless quoting); source is implied • If you re-report, acknowledge that you weren’t first, but don’t need heavy attribution to other media
  • Cut & paste Cutting & pasting from digital sources can ensure quoting accurately. But: • Attribute & link before pasting • Paste into quotation marks or block quote • Color code in notes to identify sources • Sloppiness is guilty plea, not excuse
  • Linking as BS detection Journalists covering Manti Te’o’s story of girlfriend would have exposed the hoax by seeking links to: • Obituary • Story or police report about accident • Girlfriend’s activities at Stanford (She did have bogus social media profiles.)
  • Effective attribution • Write stories with links: Digital First • Attribute to other media by name, including competition, not “media reports” or “a blogger” • Active voice, not “was reported” • Attribute to press releases • Embed tweets, videos
  • Ethical issues • Accuracy & verification • Verifying images • Opinions • Personal vs. pro social media use • • • • • • Corrections Attribution Transparency Crowdsourcing Social media photos Confidential sources
  • Transparency • Social media profiles used professionally should ID you by name & newsroom • Identify in email & social messages • State when inquiries are for publication • Show your work, using links & embeds • State when working on a story • What should you disclose?
  • Ethical issues • Accuracy & verification • Verifying images • Opinions • Personal vs. pro social media use • • • • • • Corrections Attribution Transparency Crowdsourcing Social media photos Confidential sources
  • Ethical issues • Accuracy & verification • Verifying images • Opinions • Personal vs. pro social media use • • • • • • Corrections Attribution Transparency Crowdsourcing Social media photos Confidential sources
  • Using social media photos • Ask for permission to use photo (person posting might not have rights) • Embeds carry permission • Screen grab of FB page is better than just copying (context, transformative) • Verify authenticity • Explain context
  • Ethical issues • Accuracy & verification • Verifying images • Opinions • Personal vs. pro social media use • • • • • • Corrections Attribution Transparency Crowdsourcing Social media photos Confidential sources
  • Confidentiality issues • Don’t call source anonymous if you know identity • Why does source want confidentiality (whistleblower, unsure of facts, avoiding confidentiality)? • If unsure of facts, say you wouldn’t use as source, just for tips
  • Confidentiality issues • Be demanding of sources approaching you who want confidentiality • Don’t give confidentiality to the powerful & eager • No opinions w/o names • Ask source for documentation • Tell source you’ll seek other sources
  • Technology issues • Government surveillance of you or source could compromise confidentiality • Definitely an issue in national security cases, but possibly local & state, too • Use encryption • Consider “burner cells” • Meet face to face
  • Ethics resources • • • • • • • Guiding Principles for the Journalist Telling the Truth and Nothing But ebook Verification Handbook (due out in Jan.) SPJ Code of Ethics (last updated 1996) Regret the Error blog & book New Ethics of Journalism book stevebuttry.wordpress.com
  • Call me any time Ethics questions are important & urgent. I’ll respond quickly if you tell me you’re dealing with an ethics question. Call me at 267-697-9275; if that doesn’t work, email me: sbuttry@digitalfirstmedia.com