Universalism

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Universalism

  1. 1. will all be saved?
  2. 2. Two main forms:
  3. 3. Two main forms: All religions lead to God
  4. 4. Two main forms: All religions lead to God God through Jesus has accomplished salvation for all
  5. 5. Advantages
  6. 6. Advantages •No evangelism
  7. 7. Advantages •No evangelism •We can do what we want
  8. 8. Advantages •No evangelism •We can do what we want •We can believe what we like
  9. 9. Advantages •No evangelism •We can do what we want •We can believe what we like •We can ignore the hard teachings of Jesus
  10. 10. Advantages •No evangelism •We can do what we want •We can believe what we like •We can ignore the hard teachings of Jesus •We don’t have to take discipleship seriously
  11. 11. Mahatma Ghandi: “My position is that all the great religions are fundamentally equal.”
  12. 12. Ramakrishna: “Truth is one; sages call it by various names”.
  13. 13. Pluralism
  14. 14. Inclusivism Pluralism
  15. 15. Exclusivism Inclusivism Pluralism
  16. 16. Exclusivism Inclusivism Pluralism All religions lead to God
  17. 17. Exclusivism Inclusivism Pluralism In Christ all All religions are saved lead to God
  18. 18. God Humanity
  19. 19. God knowledge Humanity
  20. 20. God knowledgeasceticism Humanity
  21. 21. God good deeds knowledgeasceticism Humanity
  22. 22. God good deeds knowledgeasceticism morality Humanity
  23. 23. God good deeds knowledgeasceticism morality power Humanity
  24. 24. God good deeds asceticism morality power Humanity
  25. 25. God good deeds morality power Humanity
  26. 26. God morality power Humanity
  27. 27. God power Humanity
  28. 28. God Humanity
  29. 29. God Humanity
  30. 30. Inclusivism Exclusivism Pluralism
  31. 31. Gavin D’Costa: "The pluralist is in fact, no different from the exclusivist, except in the criteria employed for what counts as truth."
  32. 32. Texts that (appear to) support universalism
  33. 33. Texts that (appear to) support universalism I Corinthians 15:22. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive.
  34. 34. Texts that (appear to) support universalism I Corinthians 15:22. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. Colossians 1:20.19For in him [Christ] all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, 20and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross.
  35. 35. Texts that (appear to) support universalism I Corinthians 15:22. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. Colossians 1:20.19For in him [Christ] all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, 20and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross. Romans 5:18: 18Then as one man's trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one man's act of righteousness leads to acquittal and life for all men. 19For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by one man's obedience many will be made righteous.
  36. 36. Texts that (appear to) support universalism I Corinthians 15:22. For as in Adam all die, so also in Christ shall all be made alive. Colossians 1:20.19For in him [Christ] all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell, 20and through him to reconcile to himself all things, whether on earth or in heaven, making peace by the blood of his cross. Romans 5:18: 18Then as one man's trespass led to condemnation for all men, so one man's act of righteousness leads to acquittal and life for all men. 19For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by one man's obedience many will be made righteous. Romans 11:32: For God has imprisoned all in disobedience so that he may be merciful to all.
  37. 37. Some problems with universalism
  38. 38. Some problems with universalism 1. It undermines the need for evangelism
  39. 39. Some problems with universalism 1. It undermines the need for evangelism 2. It undermines the need for discipleship
  40. 40. Some problems with universalism 1. It undermines the need for evangelism 2. It undermines the need for discipleship 3. Undermines the biblical teaching on hell
  41. 41. revelation
  42. 42. Creational revelation
  43. 43. Creational Scriptural revelation
  44. 44. Creational Scriptural Incarnational revelation
  45. 45. “If the gospel is to challenge the public life of our society, if Christians are to occupy the “high ground” which they vacated in the noon time of “modernity,” it will not be by forming a Christian political party, or by aggressive propaganda campaigns. Once again it has to be said that there can be no going back to the “Constantinian” era. It will only be by movements that begin with the local congregation in which the reality of the new creation is present, known, and experienced, and from which men and women will go into every sector of public life to claim it for Christ, to unmask the illusions which have remained hidden and to expose all areas of public life to the illumination of the gospel. But that will only happen as and when local congregations renounce an introverted concern for their own life, and recognize that they exist for the sake of those who are not members, as sign, instrument, and foretaste of Godʼs redeeming grace for the whole life of society.”
  46. 46. “If the gospel is to challenge the public life of our society, if Christians are to occupy the “high ground” which they vacated in the noon time of “modernity,” it will not be by forming a Christian political party, or by aggressive propaganda campaigns. Once again it has to be said that there can be no going back to the “Constantinian” era. It will only be by movements that begin with the local congregation in which the reality of the new creation is present, known, and experienced, and from which men and women will go into every sector of public life to claim it for Christ, to unmask the illusions which have remained hidden and to expose all areas of public life to the illumination of the gospel. But that will only happen as and when local congregations renounce an introverted concern for their own life, and recognize that they exist for the sake of those who are not members, as sign, instrument, and foretaste of Godʼs redeeming grace for the whole life of society.”
  47. 47. “If the gospel is to challenge the public life of our society, if Christians are to occupy the “high ground” which they vacated in the noon time of “modernity,” it will not be by forming a Christian political party, or by aggressive propaganda campaigns. Once again it has to be said that there can be no going back to the “Constantinian” era. It will only be by movements that begin with the local congregation in which the reality of the new creation is present, known, and experienced, and from which men and women will go into every sector of public life to claim it for Christ, to unmask the illusions which have remained hidden and to expose all areas of public life to the illumination of the gospel. But that will only happen as and when local congregations renounce an introverted concern for their own life, and recognize that they exist for the sake of those who are not members, as sign, instrument, and foretaste of Godʼs redeeming grace for the whole life of society.”
  48. 48. “If the gospel is to challenge the public life of our society, if Christians are to occupy the “high ground” which they vacated in the noon time of “modernity,” it will not be by forming a Christian political party, or by aggressive propaganda campaigns. Once again it has to be said that there can be no going back to the “Constantinian” era. It will only be by movements that begin with the local congregation in which the reality of the new creation is present, known, and experienced, and from which men and women will go into every sector of public life to claim it for Christ, to unmask the illusions which have remained hidden and to expose all areas of public life to the illumination of the gospel. But that will only happen as and when local congregations renounce an introverted concern for their own life, and recognize that they exist for the sake of those who are not members, as sign, instrument, and foretaste of Godʼs redeeming grace for the whole life of society.”
  49. 49. “If the gospel is to challenge the public life of our society, if Christians are to occupy the “high ground” which they vacated in the noon time of “modernity,” it will not be by forming a Christian political party, or by aggressive propaganda campaigns. Once again it has to be said that there can be no going back to the “Constantinian” era. It will only be by movements that begin with the local congregation in which the reality of the new creation is present, known, and experienced, and from which men and women will go into every sector of public life to claim it for Christ, to unmask the illusions which have remained hidden and to expose all areas of public life to the illumination of the gospel. But that will only happen as and when local congregations renounce an introverted concern for their own life, and recognize that they exist for the sake of those who are not members, as sign, instrument, and foretaste of Godʼs redeeming grace for the whole life of society.”

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